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Title: Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/21: Enhancing Security through a Cooperative Border Monitoring Experiment: A Proposal for India and Pakistan

Abstract

No abstract prepared.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
783991
Report Number(s):
SAND98-0505/21
TRN: AH200128%%357
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jul 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; INDIA; MONITORING; PAKISTAN; NATIONAL SECURITY; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Citation Formats

DURRANI,MAHMUD ALI. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/21: Enhancing Security through a Cooperative Border Monitoring Experiment: A Proposal for India and Pakistan. United States: N. p., 2001. Web. doi:10.2172/783991.
DURRANI,MAHMUD ALI. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/21: Enhancing Security through a Cooperative Border Monitoring Experiment: A Proposal for India and Pakistan. United States. doi:10.2172/783991.
DURRANI,MAHMUD ALI. Sun . "Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/21: Enhancing Security through a Cooperative Border Monitoring Experiment: A Proposal for India and Pakistan". United States. doi:10.2172/783991. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/783991.
@article{osti_783991,
title = {Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/21: Enhancing Security through a Cooperative Border Monitoring Experiment: A Proposal for India and Pakistan},
author = {DURRANI,MAHMUD ALI},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {10.2172/783991},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001},
month = {Sun Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001}
}

Technical Report:

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  • The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towardsmore » the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.« less
  • This paper discusses ways in which the navies of both India and Pakistan can cooperate on issues of maritime and naval significance. Although the militaries and navies of the two countries have traditionally seen each other as rivals, international economic developments make cooperation imperative. South Asia requires an approach that can alter the existing hostile images and perceptions. This can be achieved through developing an incremental approach towards confidence building that would allow consistency and help build confidence gradually. The aim is to make confidence building a sustainable activity that would help transform hostile images and build cooperative and nonhostilemore » relationships. This paper proposes a five-step model to suggest what the two navies can do jointly to build confidence, with the ultimate goal of naval arms control. The steps include (1) the Signaling Stage to initiate communication between the two navies, (2) the Warming-Up Stage to build confidence through nonmilitary joint ventures, (3) the Handshake Stage to build confidence between the two navies through military joint ventures, (4) the Problem-Solving Stage to resolve outstanding disputes, and (5) the Final Nod Stage to initiate naval arms control. This model would employ communication, navigation, and remote sensing technologies to achieve success.« less