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Title: OBJECT-ORIENTED PROCESS MODELING FOR MATERIAL-AT-RISK ESTIMATION

Abstract

No abstract prepared.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
783329
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-01-3464
TRN: AH200134%%241
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference title not supplied, Conference location not supplied, Conference dates not supplied; Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; MATERIALS WORKING; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; RISK ASSESSMENT

Citation Formats

W-7405-ENG-36. OBJECT-ORIENTED PROCESS MODELING FOR MATERIAL-AT-RISK ESTIMATION. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
W-7405-ENG-36. OBJECT-ORIENTED PROCESS MODELING FOR MATERIAL-AT-RISK ESTIMATION. United States.
W-7405-ENG-36. Fri . "OBJECT-ORIENTED PROCESS MODELING FOR MATERIAL-AT-RISK ESTIMATION". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/783329.
@article{osti_783329,
title = {OBJECT-ORIENTED PROCESS MODELING FOR MATERIAL-AT-RISK ESTIMATION},
author = {W-7405-ENG-36},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001},
month = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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  • Nuclear analytical chemistry/materials characterization operations at Los Alamos support many programs related to national security. These operations work with a wide range of material masses (microgram to tens of grams) and several forms (metal, oxide, and liquid). We have used detailed flowsheets for the chemistry and characterization functions to construct a process model of the facility operations. The model, constructed with the commercially available package ExtendTMt,r acks material amounts and forms through the process of sample receiving through data return. The model calculates equipment utilization, throughput, and turnaroundtime, as well as the material-at-risk and source term as a function ofmore » time for facility safety analyses. We see that the source-term is highly dependent on the material holding time, as expected; thus, proper material management policies are essential to operating a facility within regulatory guidelines regarding material-at-risk. In addition, we see that segregation of operations based on the material used can be beneficial to the overall operations.« less
  • For more than two decades, risk analysts have relied on powerful logic-based models to perform their analyses. However, the applicability of these models has been limited because they can be complex and expensive to develop. Analysts must frequently start from scratch when analyzing a new (but similar) system because the understanding of how the system works exists only in the mind of the analyst and is only incompletely instantiated in the actual logic model. This paper introduces the notion of using explicit object-oriented system models, such as those embodied in computer-aided software engineering (CASE) tools, to document the analyst`s understandingmore » of the system and appropriately capture how the system works. It also shows that from these models, standard assessment products, such as fault trees and event trees, can be automatically derived.« less
  • No abstract prepared.
  • Mathematical and expert system models are being used extensively for mineral process engineering; nevertheless, standardized methodologies for their computer implementation do not exist. In meeting this need, this paper introduces the concept of a process software model, or more specifically an object-oriented software model, and presents a detailed methodology for its development involving software model specification and development. These software models provide a formal basis for the subsequent design and construction of software objects corresponding to the real world process objects.
  • The Plutonium Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory supports several defense and nondefense-related missions for the country by performing fabrication, surveillance, and research and development for materials and components that contain plutonium. Most operations occur in rooms with one or more arrays of gloveboxes connected to each other via trolley gloveboxes. Minimizing the effective dose equivalent (EDE) is a growing concern as a result of steadily declining allowable dose limits being imposed and a growing general awareness of safety in the workplace. In general, the authors discriminate three components of a worker`s total EDE: the primary EDE, the secondary EDE,more » and background EDE. A particular background source of interest is the nuclear materials vault. The distinction between sources inside and outside of a particular room is arbitrary with the underlying assumption that building walls and floors provide significant shielding to justify including sources in other rooms in the background category. Los Alamos has developed the Process Modeling System (ProMoS) primarily for performing process analyses of nuclear operations. ProMoS is an object-oriented, discrete-event simulation package that has been used to analyze operations at Los Alamos and proposed facilities such as the new fabrication facilities for the Complex-21 effort. In the past, crude estimates of the process dose (the EDE received when a particular process occurred), room dose (the EDE received when a particular process occurred in a given room), and facility dose (the EDE received when a particular process occurred in the facility) were used to obtain an integrated EDE for a given process. Modifications to the ProMoS package were made to utilize secondary dose information to use dose modeling to enhance the process modeling efforts.« less