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Title: APPLYING MICRO-MECHANICS TO FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATIONS OF SPLIT HOPKINSON PRESSURE BAR EXPERIMENTS ON HIGH EXPLOSIVES

Abstract

No abstract prepared.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
783217
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-01-3491
TRN: AH200134%%220
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference title not supplied, Conference location not supplied, Conference dates not supplied; Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; CHEMICAL EXPLOSIVES; COMBUSTION KINETICS; MECHANICS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD

Citation Formats

E. M. MAS, and B. E. CLEMENTS. APPLYING MICRO-MECHANICS TO FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATIONS OF SPLIT HOPKINSON PRESSURE BAR EXPERIMENTS ON HIGH EXPLOSIVES. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
E. M. MAS, & B. E. CLEMENTS. APPLYING MICRO-MECHANICS TO FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATIONS OF SPLIT HOPKINSON PRESSURE BAR EXPERIMENTS ON HIGH EXPLOSIVES. United States.
E. M. MAS, and B. E. CLEMENTS. Fri . "APPLYING MICRO-MECHANICS TO FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATIONS OF SPLIT HOPKINSON PRESSURE BAR EXPERIMENTS ON HIGH EXPLOSIVES". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/783217.
@article{osti_783217,
title = {APPLYING MICRO-MECHANICS TO FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATIONS OF SPLIT HOPKINSON PRESSURE BAR EXPERIMENTS ON HIGH EXPLOSIVES},
author = {E. M. MAS and B. E. CLEMENTS},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001},
month = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001}
}

Conference:
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  • We presenmore » t a generic method for automatically calibrating a computer code to an experiment, with uncertainty, for a given “training” set of computer code runs. The calibration technique is general and probabilistic, meaning the calibration uncertainty is represented in the form of a probability distribution. We demonstrate the calibration method by calibrating a combined Finite-Discrete Element Method (FDEM) to a Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) experiment with a granite sample. The probabilistic calibration method combines runs of a FDEM computer simulation for a range of “training” settings and experimental uncertainty to develop a statistical emulator. The process allows for calibration of input parameters and produces output quantities with uncertainty estimates for settings where simulation results are desired. Input calibration and FDEM fitted results are presented. We find that the maximum shear strength σ t max and to a lesser extent maximum tensile strength σ n max govern the behavior of the stress-time curve before and around the peak, while the specific energy in Mode II (shear) E t largely governs the post-peak behavior of the stress-time curve. Good agreement is found between the calibrated FDEM and the SHPB experiment. Interestingly, we find the SHPB experiment to be rather uninformative for calibrating the softening-curve shape parameters (a, b, and c). This work stands as a successful demonstration of how a general probabilistic calibration framework can automatically calibrate FDEM parameters to an experiment.« less
  • We presenmore » t a generic method for automatically calibrating a computer code to an experiment, with uncertainty, for a given “training” set of computer code runs. The calibration technique is general and probabilistic, meaning the calibration uncertainty is represented in the form of a probability distribution. We demonstrate the calibration method by calibrating a combined Finite-Discrete Element Method (FDEM) to a Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) experiment with a granite sample. The probabilistic calibration method combines runs of a FDEM computer simulation for a range of “training” settings and experimental uncertainty to develop a statistical emulator. The process allows for calibration of input parameters and produces output quantities with uncertainty estimates for settings where simulation results are desired. Input calibration and FDEM fitted results are presented. We find that the maximum shear strength σ t max and to a lesser extent maximum tensile strength σ n max govern the behavior of the stress-time curve before and around the peak, while the specific energy in Mode II (shear) E t largely governs the post-peak behavior of the stress-time curve. Good agreement is found between the calibrated FDEM and the SHPB experiment. Interestingly, we find the SHPB experiment to be rather uninformative for calibrating the softening-curve shape parameters (a, b, and c). This work stands as a successful demonstration of how a general probabilistic calibration framework can automatically calibrate FDEM parameters to an experiment.« less
  • Abstract not provided.
  • Abstract not provided.
  • The results of compressive high strain-rate experiments on compacted sand are presented. Experiments were conducted on a 60.3 mm split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB). The experiments showed that the assumptions necessary for a valid SHPB experiment are satisfied when using compacted sand samples constrained to a nearly uniaxial strain state. Results show that the sample stress-strain response is governed principally by the initial sample gas porosity, and that no strain-rate dependence is exhibited at sample strains less than the initial gas porosity. Several stress-strain curves are presented for samples prepared at several combinations of moisture content and density with appliedmore » stresses and strain rates up to 520 MPa and 4000 sec/sup -1/, respectively.« less