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Title: Overcoming Thermal Shock Problems in Liquid Targets

Abstract

Short pulse accelerator-driven neutron sources such as the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) employ high-energy proton beam energy deposition in heavy metal (such as mercury) over microsecond time frames. The interaction of the energetic proton beam with the mercury target leads to very high heating rates in the target. Although the resulting temperature rise is relatively small (a few {degree}C ), the rate of temperature rise is enormous ({approximately}10{sup 7} C/s) during the very brief beam pulse ({approximately}0.58 {micro}s). The resulting thermal-shock induced compression of the mercury leads to the production of large amplitude pressure waves in the mercury that interact with the walls of the mercury target and the bulk flow field. Safety-related operational concerns exist in two main areas, viz., (1) possible target enclosure failure from impact of thermal shocks on the wall due to its direct heating from the proton beam and the loads transferred from the mercury compression waves, and (2) impact of the compression-cum-rarefaction wave-induced effects such as cavitation bubble emanation and fluid surging. Preliminary stress evaluations indicate stress levels approaching yielding conditions and beyond in select regions of the target. Also, the induction of cavitation (which could assist in attenuation) can also release gases thatmore » may accumulate at undesirable locations and impair heat transfer.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (US)
OSTI Identifier:
771553
Report Number(s):
P00-106500
TRN: US0100518
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Annual American Nuclear Society Conference, San Diego, CA (US), 06/2000; Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; TARGETS; THERMAL SHOCK; LIQUIDS

Citation Formats

Taleyarkhan, R.P., and Kim, S.H. Overcoming Thermal Shock Problems in Liquid Targets. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
Taleyarkhan, R.P., & Kim, S.H. Overcoming Thermal Shock Problems in Liquid Targets. United States.
Taleyarkhan, R.P., and Kim, S.H. Thu . "Overcoming Thermal Shock Problems in Liquid Targets". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/771553.
@article{osti_771553,
title = {Overcoming Thermal Shock Problems in Liquid Targets},
author = {Taleyarkhan, R.P. and Kim, S.H.},
abstractNote = {Short pulse accelerator-driven neutron sources such as the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) employ high-energy proton beam energy deposition in heavy metal (such as mercury) over microsecond time frames. The interaction of the energetic proton beam with the mercury target leads to very high heating rates in the target. Although the resulting temperature rise is relatively small (a few {degree}C ), the rate of temperature rise is enormous ({approximately}10{sup 7} C/s) during the very brief beam pulse ({approximately}0.58 {micro}s). The resulting thermal-shock induced compression of the mercury leads to the production of large amplitude pressure waves in the mercury that interact with the walls of the mercury target and the bulk flow field. Safety-related operational concerns exist in two main areas, viz., (1) possible target enclosure failure from impact of thermal shocks on the wall due to its direct heating from the proton beam and the loads transferred from the mercury compression waves, and (2) impact of the compression-cum-rarefaction wave-induced effects such as cavitation bubble emanation and fluid surging. Preliminary stress evaluations indicate stress levels approaching yielding conditions and beyond in select regions of the target. Also, the induction of cavitation (which could assist in attenuation) can also release gases that may accumulate at undesirable locations and impair heat transfer.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

Conference:
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