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Title: 1995 Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology

Abstract

The Nation's economic prosperity and military security depend heavily on development and commercialization of advanced materials. Materials are a key facet of many technologies, providing the key ingredient for entire industries and tens of millions of jobs. With foreign competition in many areas of technology growing, improvements in materials and associated processes are needed now more than ever, both to create the new products and jobs of the future and to ensure that U.S. industry and military forces can compete and win in the international arena. The Federal Government has invested in materials research and development (R&D) for nearly a century, helping to lay the foundation for many of the best commercial products and military components used today. But while the United States has led the world in the science and development of advanced materials, it often has lagged in commercializing them. This long-standing hurdle must be overcome now if the nation is to maintain its leadership in materials R&D and the many technologies that depend on it. The Administration therefore seeks to foster commercialization of state-of-the-art materials for both commercial and military use, as a means of promoting US industrial competitiveness as well as the procurement of advanced militarymore » and space systems and other products at affordable costs. The Federal R&D effort in Fiscal Year 1994 for materials science and technology is an estimated $2123.7 million. It includes the ongoing R&D base that support the missions of nine Federal departments and agencies, increased strategic investment to overcome obstacles to commercialization of advanced materials technologies, interagency cooperation in R&D areas of mutual benefit to leverage assets and eliminate duplicative work, cost-shared research with industrial and academic partners in critical precompetitive technology areas, and international cooperation on selected R&D topics with assured benefits for the United States. The materials R&D program also supports the Administration's specific technological objectives, emphasizing development of affordable, high-performance commercial and military aircraft; ultra-fuel-efficient, low-emissions automobiles that are also safe and comfortable; powerful yet inexpensive electronic systems; environmentally safe products and processes; and a durable building and transportation infrastructure.« less

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Materials Technology Subcommittee, Committee on Civilian Industrial Technology, National Science and Technology Council, Washington, DC (US); Office of Science and Technology Policy, Washington, DC (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
771259
Report Number(s):
DOE/ER/45535
TRN: US200308%%172
DOE Contract Number:
AI02-95ER45535
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Dec 1995; PBD: 1 Dec 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; AIRCRAFT; AUTOMOBILES; COMMERCIALIZATION; ECONOMICS; INTERAGENCY COOPERATION; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION; NATIONAL GOVERNMENT; PROCUREMENT; SECURITY

Citation Formats

None. 1995 Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology. United States: N. p., 1995. Web. doi:10.2172/771259.
None. 1995 Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology. United States. doi:10.2172/771259.
None. Fri . "1995 Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology". United States. doi:10.2172/771259. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/771259.
@article{osti_771259,
title = {1995 Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology},
author = {None},
abstractNote = {The Nation's economic prosperity and military security depend heavily on development and commercialization of advanced materials. Materials are a key facet of many technologies, providing the key ingredient for entire industries and tens of millions of jobs. With foreign competition in many areas of technology growing, improvements in materials and associated processes are needed now more than ever, both to create the new products and jobs of the future and to ensure that U.S. industry and military forces can compete and win in the international arena. The Federal Government has invested in materials research and development (R&D) for nearly a century, helping to lay the foundation for many of the best commercial products and military components used today. But while the United States has led the world in the science and development of advanced materials, it often has lagged in commercializing them. This long-standing hurdle must be overcome now if the nation is to maintain its leadership in materials R&D and the many technologies that depend on it. The Administration therefore seeks to foster commercialization of state-of-the-art materials for both commercial and military use, as a means of promoting US industrial competitiveness as well as the procurement of advanced military and space systems and other products at affordable costs. The Federal R&D effort in Fiscal Year 1994 for materials science and technology is an estimated $2123.7 million. It includes the ongoing R&D base that support the missions of nine Federal departments and agencies, increased strategic investment to overcome obstacles to commercialization of advanced materials technologies, interagency cooperation in R&D areas of mutual benefit to leverage assets and eliminate duplicative work, cost-shared research with industrial and academic partners in critical precompetitive technology areas, and international cooperation on selected R&D topics with assured benefits for the United States. The materials R&D program also supports the Administration's specific technological objectives, emphasizing development of affordable, high-performance commercial and military aircraft; ultra-fuel-efficient, low-emissions automobiles that are also safe and comfortable; powerful yet inexpensive electronic systems; environmentally safe products and processes; and a durable building and transportation infrastructure.},
doi = {10.2172/771259},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1995},
month = {Fri Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1995}
}

Technical Report:

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  • The report gives a comprehensive overview of government-wide materials Research and Development (R D), and contains extensive discussion of each participating agency's contribution to the Federal Advanced Materials and Processing Program (AMPP). The goal of the AMPP is to improve the manufacture and performance of materials to enhance the U.S. quality of life, national security, and industrial productivity and economic growth. The AMPP will optimize Federal materials R D through an interagency strategy, encompassing a research plan and associated funding levels that take advantage of opportunities for significant technical breakthroughs. The program represents the first coordinated Federal approach to materialsmore » science and technology.« less