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Title: ISOTOPE METHODS IN HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS.

Abstract

The use of isotope labels has had a fundamentally important role in the determination of mechanisms of homogeneously catalyzed reactions. Mechanistic data is valuable since it can assist in the design and rational improvement of homogeneous catalysts. There are several ways to use isotopes in mechanistic chemistry. Isotopes can be introduced into controlled experiments and followed where they go or don't go; in this way, Libby, Calvin, Taube and others used isotopes to elucidate mechanistic pathways for very different, yet important chemistries. Another important isotope method is the study of kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) and equilibrium isotope effect (EIEs). Here the mere observation of where a label winds up is no longer enough - what matters is how much slower (or faster) a labeled molecule reacts than the unlabeled material. The most careti studies essentially involve the measurement of isotope fractionation between a reference ground state and the transition state. Thus kinetic isotope effects provide unique data unavailable from other methods, since information about the transition state of a reaction is obtained. Because getting an experimental glimpse of transition states is really tantamount to understanding catalysis, kinetic isotope effects are very powerful.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Research (ER) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
767154
Report Number(s):
BNL-67609; KC030201
R&D Project: CO9; KC030201; TRN: AH200037%%324
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Dec 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CATALYSTS; CHEMISTRY; DESIGN; FRACTIONATION; GROUND STATES; HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS; ISOTOPE RATIO; KINETICS

Citation Formats

BULLOCK, R M, and BENDER, B R. ISOTOPE METHODS IN HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS.. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
BULLOCK, R M, & BENDER, B R. ISOTOPE METHODS IN HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS.. United States.
BULLOCK, R M, and BENDER, B R. Fri . "ISOTOPE METHODS IN HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS.". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/767154.
@article{osti_767154,
title = {ISOTOPE METHODS IN HOMOGENEOUS CATALYSIS.},
author = {BULLOCK, R M and BENDER, B R},
abstractNote = {The use of isotope labels has had a fundamentally important role in the determination of mechanisms of homogeneously catalyzed reactions. Mechanistic data is valuable since it can assist in the design and rational improvement of homogeneous catalysts. There are several ways to use isotopes in mechanistic chemistry. Isotopes can be introduced into controlled experiments and followed where they go or don't go; in this way, Libby, Calvin, Taube and others used isotopes to elucidate mechanistic pathways for very different, yet important chemistries. Another important isotope method is the study of kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) and equilibrium isotope effect (EIEs). Here the mere observation of where a label winds up is no longer enough - what matters is how much slower (or faster) a labeled molecule reacts than the unlabeled material. The most careti studies essentially involve the measurement of isotope fractionation between a reference ground state and the transition state. Thus kinetic isotope effects provide unique data unavailable from other methods, since information about the transition state of a reaction is obtained. Because getting an experimental glimpse of transition states is really tantamount to understanding catalysis, kinetic isotope effects are very powerful.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {12}
}

Book:
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