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Title: Steric and electronic effects of 1,3-disubstituted cyclopentadienyl ligands on metallocene derivatives of Cerium, Titanium, Manganese, and Iron

Abstract

Sterically demanding 1,3-disubstituted cyclopentadienyl ligands were used to modify the physical properties of the corresponding metallocenes. Sterically demanding ligands provided kinetic stabilization for trivalent cerium compounds. Tris(di-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)cerium was prepared and anion competition between halides and cyclopentadienyl groups which had complicated synthesis of the tris(cyclopentadienyl)compound was qualitatively examined. Bis(di-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)cerium methyl was prepared and its rate of decomposition, by ligand redistribution, to tris(di-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)cerium was shown to be slower than the corresponding rate for less sterically demanding ligands. Asymmetrically substituted ligands provided a symmetry label for examination of chemical exchange processes. Tris[trimethylsilyl(t-butyl)cyclopentadienyl]cerium was prepared and the rate of interconversion between the C1 and C3 isomers was examined. The enthalpy difference between the two distereomers is 7.0 kJ/mol. The sterically demanding cyclopentadienyl ligands ansa-di-t-butylcyclopentadiene (Me 2Si[(Me 3C) 2C 5H 3] 2), ansa-bis(trimethylsilyl)cyclopentadiene (Me 2Si[(Me 3Si) 2C 5H 3] 2) and tetra-t-butylfulvalene and metallocene derivatives of the ligands were prepared and their structures were examined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. The effect that substituents on the cyclopentadienyl ring have on the pi-electron system of the ligand was examined through interaction between ligand and metal orbitals. A series of 1,3-disubstituted manganocenes was prepared and their electronic states were determined by solid-state magnetic susceptibility, electron paramagnetic resonance,more » X-ray crystallography, and variable temperature UV-vis spectroscopy. Spin-equilibria in [(Me 3C) 2C 5H 3] 2Mn and [(Me 3C)(Me 3Si)C 5H 3] 2Mn were examined and indicate an enthalpy difference of 15 kJ/mol between the high-spin and low-spin forms. Cyclopentadienyl groups resistant to intramolecular oxidative addition allowed isolation of compounds susceptible to intramolecular decomposition. A kinetically stable, base-free titanocene was prepared using di-t-butylcyclopentadienyl ligands and the reactivity of the compound toward small molecules was investigated. The titanocene reacts reversibly with hydrogen to form the titanocene dihydride and the equilibrium in solution between titanocene dihydride, and titanocene and hydrogen, was examined.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
764394
Report Number(s):
LBNL-45881
R&D Project: 403003; TRN: AH200102%%141
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Thesis (Ph.D.); Submitted to Dept. of Chemistry, Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (US); PBD: 19 May 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CERIUM COMPOUNDS; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; IRON COMPOUNDS; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; MANGANESE COMPOUNDS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; TITANIUM COMPOUNDS; ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; LIGANDS; STEREOCHEMISTRY; METALLOCENE TITANOCENE MANGANOCENE ORGANOMETALLIC SYNTHESIS

Citation Formats

Sofield, Chadwick Dean. Steric and electronic effects of 1,3-disubstituted cyclopentadienyl ligands on metallocene derivatives of Cerium, Titanium, Manganese, and Iron. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/764394.
Sofield, Chadwick Dean. Steric and electronic effects of 1,3-disubstituted cyclopentadienyl ligands on metallocene derivatives of Cerium, Titanium, Manganese, and Iron. United States. doi:10.2172/764394.
Sofield, Chadwick Dean. Mon . "Steric and electronic effects of 1,3-disubstituted cyclopentadienyl ligands on metallocene derivatives of Cerium, Titanium, Manganese, and Iron". United States. doi:10.2172/764394. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/764394.
@article{osti_764394,
title = {Steric and electronic effects of 1,3-disubstituted cyclopentadienyl ligands on metallocene derivatives of Cerium, Titanium, Manganese, and Iron},
author = {Sofield, Chadwick Dean},
abstractNote = {Sterically demanding 1,3-disubstituted cyclopentadienyl ligands were used to modify the physical properties of the corresponding metallocenes. Sterically demanding ligands provided kinetic stabilization for trivalent cerium compounds. Tris(di-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)cerium was prepared and anion competition between halides and cyclopentadienyl groups which had complicated synthesis of the tris(cyclopentadienyl)compound was qualitatively examined. Bis(di-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)cerium methyl was prepared and its rate of decomposition, by ligand redistribution, to tris(di-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)cerium was shown to be slower than the corresponding rate for less sterically demanding ligands. Asymmetrically substituted ligands provided a symmetry label for examination of chemical exchange processes. Tris[trimethylsilyl(t-butyl)cyclopentadienyl]cerium was prepared and the rate of interconversion between the C1 and C3 isomers was examined. The enthalpy difference between the two distereomers is 7.0 kJ/mol. The sterically demanding cyclopentadienyl ligands ansa-di-t-butylcyclopentadiene (Me2Si[(Me3C)2C5H3]2), ansa-bis(trimethylsilyl)cyclopentadiene (Me2Si[(Me3Si)2C5H3]2) and tetra-t-butylfulvalene and metallocene derivatives of the ligands were prepared and their structures were examined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. The effect that substituents on the cyclopentadienyl ring have on the pi-electron system of the ligand was examined through interaction between ligand and metal orbitals. A series of 1,3-disubstituted manganocenes was prepared and their electronic states were determined by solid-state magnetic susceptibility, electron paramagnetic resonance, X-ray crystallography, and variable temperature UV-vis spectroscopy. Spin-equilibria in [(Me3C)2C5H3]2Mn and [(Me3C)(Me3Si)C5H3]2Mn were examined and indicate an enthalpy difference of 15 kJ/mol between the high-spin and low-spin forms. Cyclopentadienyl groups resistant to intramolecular oxidative addition allowed isolation of compounds susceptible to intramolecular decomposition. A kinetically stable, base-free titanocene was prepared using di-t-butylcyclopentadienyl ligands and the reactivity of the compound toward small molecules was investigated. The titanocene reacts reversibly with hydrogen to form the titanocene dihydride and the equilibrium in solution between titanocene dihydride, and titanocene and hydrogen, was examined.},
doi = {10.2172/764394},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
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