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Title: Safety Issues with Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel

Abstract

This report is an initial effort to identify and evaluate safety issues associated with the use of hydrogen as a vehicle fuel in automobiles. Several forms of hydrogen have been considered: gas, liquid, slush, and hydrides. The safety issues have been discussed, beginning with properties of hydrogen and the phenomenology of hydrogen combustion. Safety-related operating experiences with hydrogen vehicles have been summarized to identify concerns that must be addressed in future design activities and to support probabilistic risk assessment. Also, applicable codes, standards, and regulations pertaining to hydrogen usage and refueling have been identified and are briefly discussed. This report serves as a safety foundation for any future hydrogen safety work, such as a safety analysis or a probabilistic risk assessment.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Research (ER) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
761801
Report Number(s):
INEEL/EXT-99-00522
TRN: AH200033%%225
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-94ID13223
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Sep 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; AUTOMOBILES; COMBUSTION; HYDROGEN FUELS; RISK ASSESSMENT; SAFETY ANALYSIS; SAFETY STANDARDS; FUEL SUBSTITUTION; SAFETY; HYDROGEN; VEHICLE FUEL; DESIGN; PROBABILISTIC RISK ASSESSMENT

Citation Formats

L. C. Cadwallader, and J. S. Herring. Safety Issues with Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.2172/761801.
L. C. Cadwallader, & J. S. Herring. Safety Issues with Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel. United States. doi:10.2172/761801.
L. C. Cadwallader, and J. S. Herring. Wed . "Safety Issues with Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel". United States. doi:10.2172/761801. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/761801.
@article{osti_761801,
title = {Safety Issues with Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel},
author = {L. C. Cadwallader and J. S. Herring},
abstractNote = {This report is an initial effort to identify and evaluate safety issues associated with the use of hydrogen as a vehicle fuel in automobiles. Several forms of hydrogen have been considered: gas, liquid, slush, and hydrides. The safety issues have been discussed, beginning with properties of hydrogen and the phenomenology of hydrogen combustion. Safety-related operating experiences with hydrogen vehicles have been summarized to identify concerns that must be addressed in future design activities and to support probabilistic risk assessment. Also, applicable codes, standards, and regulations pertaining to hydrogen usage and refueling have been identified and are briefly discussed. This report serves as a safety foundation for any future hydrogen safety work, such as a safety analysis or a probabilistic risk assessment.},
doi = {10.2172/761801},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}