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Title: Method for producing low-cost, high volume hydrogen from hydrocarbon sources

Abstract

A method is described for the conversion of naturally-occurring or biomass-derived lower to higher hydrocarbon (C{sub x}H{sub y},where x may vary from 1--3 and y may vary from 4--8) to low-cost, high-volume hydrogen. In one embodiment, methane, the major component of natural gas, is reacted in a single reaction zone of a mixed-conducting ceramic membrane reactor to form hydrogen via simultaneous partial oxidation and water gas shift reactions at temperatures required for thermal excitations of the mixed-conducting membranes. The hydrogen is produced by catalytically reacting the hydrocarbon with oxygen to form synthesis gas (a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen), followed by a water gas shift (WGS) reaction with steam, wherein both reactions occur in a single reaction zone having a multi-functional catalyst or a combination of catalysts. The hydrogen is separated from other reaction products by membrane-assisted transport or by pressure-swing adsorption technique. Membrane-assisted transport may occur via proton transfer or molecular sieving mechanisms.

Inventors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
757802
Patent Number(s):
PATENTS-US-A8934512
Application Number:
8-934,512; TRN: AH200031%%64
Assignee:
DOEGC; EDB-00:082112
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent Application
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 1997 Sep 22; Other Information: PBD: 1 Dec 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 03 NATURAL GAS; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; PARTIAL OXIDATION PROCESSES; METHANE; SHIFT PROCESSES; SEPARATION PROCESSES; ADSORPTION; MEMBRANE TRANSPORT; MOLECULAR SIEVES; HYDROGEN; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHESIS GAS

Citation Formats

Bose, Arun C., Balachandran, Uthamalinga, Kleerfisch, Mark S., Udovich, Carl A., and Stiegel, Gary J. Method for producing low-cost, high volume hydrogen from hydrocarbon sources. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
Bose, Arun C., Balachandran, Uthamalinga, Kleerfisch, Mark S., Udovich, Carl A., & Stiegel, Gary J. Method for producing low-cost, high volume hydrogen from hydrocarbon sources. United States.
Bose, Arun C., Balachandran, Uthamalinga, Kleerfisch, Mark S., Udovich, Carl A., and Stiegel, Gary J. Mon . "Method for producing low-cost, high volume hydrogen from hydrocarbon sources". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/757802.
@article{osti_757802,
title = {Method for producing low-cost, high volume hydrogen from hydrocarbon sources},
author = {Bose, Arun C. and Balachandran, Uthamalinga and Kleerfisch, Mark S. and Udovich, Carl A. and Stiegel, Gary J.},
abstractNote = {A method is described for the conversion of naturally-occurring or biomass-derived lower to higher hydrocarbon (C{sub x}H{sub y},where x may vary from 1--3 and y may vary from 4--8) to low-cost, high-volume hydrogen. In one embodiment, methane, the major component of natural gas, is reacted in a single reaction zone of a mixed-conducting ceramic membrane reactor to form hydrogen via simultaneous partial oxidation and water gas shift reactions at temperatures required for thermal excitations of the mixed-conducting membranes. The hydrogen is produced by catalytically reacting the hydrocarbon with oxygen to form synthesis gas (a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen), followed by a water gas shift (WGS) reaction with steam, wherein both reactions occur in a single reaction zone having a multi-functional catalyst or a combination of catalysts. The hydrogen is separated from other reaction products by membrane-assisted transport or by pressure-swing adsorption technique. Membrane-assisted transport may occur via proton transfer or molecular sieving mechanisms.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {12}
}

Patent Application:

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