skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Technetium getters in the near surface environment

Abstract

Conventional performance assessments assume that radioactive {sup 99}Tc travels as a non-sorbing component with an effective K{sub d} (distribution coefficient) of 0. This is because soil mineral surfaces commonly develop net negative surface charges and pertechnetate (TcO{sub 4}), with large ionic size and low electrical density, is not sorbed onto them. However, a variety of materials have been identified that retain Tc and may eventually lead to promising Tc getters. In assessing Tc getter performance it is important to evaluate the environment in which the getter is to function. In many contaminant plumes Tc will only leach slowly from the source of the contamination and significant dilution is likely. Thus, sub-ppb Tc concentrations are expected and normal groundwater constituents will dominate the aquifer chemistry. In this setting a variety of constituents were found to retard TcO{sub 4}: imogolite, boehmite, hydrotalcite, goethite, copper sulfide and oxide and coal. Near leaking tanks of high level nuclear waste, Tc may be present in mg/L level concentrations and groundwater chemistry will be dominated by constituents from the waste. Both bone char, and to a lesser degree, freshly precipitated Al hydroxides may be effective Tc scavengers in this environment. Thus, the search for Tc gettersmore » is far from hopeless, although much remains to be learned about the mechanisms by which these materials retain Tc.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
756117
Report Number(s):
SAND2000-1267C
TRN: US0003651
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Migration '99, Lake Tahoe, NV (US), 09/26/1999--10/01/1999; Other Information: PBD: 19 May 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; TECHNETIUM 99; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; SOILS; TECHNETIUM OXIDES; GETTERS; ADSORBENTS; PERFORMANCE

Citation Formats

KRUMHANSL,JAMES L., ZHANG,PENGCHU, WESTRICH,HENRY R., BRYAN,CHARLES R., and MOLECKE,MARTIN A. Technetium getters in the near surface environment. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
KRUMHANSL,JAMES L., ZHANG,PENGCHU, WESTRICH,HENRY R., BRYAN,CHARLES R., & MOLECKE,MARTIN A. Technetium getters in the near surface environment. United States.
KRUMHANSL,JAMES L., ZHANG,PENGCHU, WESTRICH,HENRY R., BRYAN,CHARLES R., and MOLECKE,MARTIN A. Fri . "Technetium getters in the near surface environment". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/756117.
@article{osti_756117,
title = {Technetium getters in the near surface environment},
author = {KRUMHANSL,JAMES L. and ZHANG,PENGCHU and WESTRICH,HENRY R. and BRYAN,CHARLES R. and MOLECKE,MARTIN A.},
abstractNote = {Conventional performance assessments assume that radioactive {sup 99}Tc travels as a non-sorbing component with an effective K{sub d} (distribution coefficient) of 0. This is because soil mineral surfaces commonly develop net negative surface charges and pertechnetate (TcO{sub 4}), with large ionic size and low electrical density, is not sorbed onto them. However, a variety of materials have been identified that retain Tc and may eventually lead to promising Tc getters. In assessing Tc getter performance it is important to evaluate the environment in which the getter is to function. In many contaminant plumes Tc will only leach slowly from the source of the contamination and significant dilution is likely. Thus, sub-ppb Tc concentrations are expected and normal groundwater constituents will dominate the aquifer chemistry. In this setting a variety of constituents were found to retard TcO{sub 4}: imogolite, boehmite, hydrotalcite, goethite, copper sulfide and oxide and coal. Near leaking tanks of high level nuclear waste, Tc may be present in mg/L level concentrations and groundwater chemistry will be dominated by constituents from the waste. Both bone char, and to a lesser degree, freshly precipitated Al hydroxides may be effective Tc scavengers in this environment. Thus, the search for Tc getters is far from hopeless, although much remains to be learned about the mechanisms by which these materials retain Tc.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share: