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Title: Geomechanical modeling of reservoir compaction, surface subsidence, and casing damage at the Belridge diatomite field

Abstract

Geologic, and historical well failure, production, and injection data were analyzed to guide development of three-dimensional geomechanical models of the Belridge diatomite field, California. The central premise of the numerical simulations is that spatial gradients in pore pressure induced by production and injection in a low permeability reservoir may perturb the local stresses and cause subsurface deformation sufficient to result in well failure. Time-dependent reservoir pressure fields that were calculated from three-dimensional black oil reservoir simulations were coupled uni-directionally to three-dimensional non-linear finite element geomechanical simulations. The reservoir models included nearly 100,000 gridblocks (100--200 wells), and covered nearly 20 years of production and injection. The geomechanical models were meshed from structure maps and contained more than 300,000 nodal points. Shear strain localization along weak bedding planes that causes casing dog-legs in the field was accommodated in the model by contact surfaces located immediately above the reservoir and at two locations in the overburden. The geomechanical simulations are validated by comparison of the predicted surface subsidence with field measurements, and by comparison of predicted deformation with observed casing damage. Additionally, simulations performed for two independently developed areas at South Belridge, Sections 33 and 29, corroborate their different well failure histories. Themore » simulations suggest the three types of casing damage observed, and show that although water injection has mitigated surface subsidence, it can, under some circumstances, increase the lateral gradients in effective stress, that in turn can accelerate subsurface horizontal motions. Geomechanical simulation is an important reservoir management tool that can be used to identify optimal operating policies to mitigate casing damage for existing field developments, and applied to incorporate the effect of well failure potential in economic analyses of alternative infilling and development options.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
756095
Report Number(s):
SAND2000-1127J
TRN: AH200021%%121
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Other Information: Submitted to SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering; PBD: 1 May 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; CALIFORNIA; OIL FIELDS; GEOLOGIC MODELS; PORE PRESSURE; FORMATION DAMAGE; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; WELL CASINGS; DAMAGE; GROUND SUBSIDENCE; WATERFLOODING; RESERVOIR ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

FREDRICH,JOANNE T., DEITRICK,G.L., ARGUELLO JR.,JOSE G., and DEROUFFIGNAC,E.P. Geomechanical modeling of reservoir compaction, surface subsidence, and casing damage at the Belridge diatomite field. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2118/65354-PA.
FREDRICH,JOANNE T., DEITRICK,G.L., ARGUELLO JR.,JOSE G., & DEROUFFIGNAC,E.P. Geomechanical modeling of reservoir compaction, surface subsidence, and casing damage at the Belridge diatomite field. United States. doi:10.2118/65354-PA.
FREDRICH,JOANNE T., DEITRICK,G.L., ARGUELLO JR.,JOSE G., and DEROUFFIGNAC,E.P. Mon . "Geomechanical modeling of reservoir compaction, surface subsidence, and casing damage at the Belridge diatomite field". United States. doi:10.2118/65354-PA. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/756095.
@article{osti_756095,
title = {Geomechanical modeling of reservoir compaction, surface subsidence, and casing damage at the Belridge diatomite field},
author = {FREDRICH,JOANNE T. and DEITRICK,G.L. and ARGUELLO JR.,JOSE G. and DEROUFFIGNAC,E.P.},
abstractNote = {Geologic, and historical well failure, production, and injection data were analyzed to guide development of three-dimensional geomechanical models of the Belridge diatomite field, California. The central premise of the numerical simulations is that spatial gradients in pore pressure induced by production and injection in a low permeability reservoir may perturb the local stresses and cause subsurface deformation sufficient to result in well failure. Time-dependent reservoir pressure fields that were calculated from three-dimensional black oil reservoir simulations were coupled uni-directionally to three-dimensional non-linear finite element geomechanical simulations. The reservoir models included nearly 100,000 gridblocks (100--200 wells), and covered nearly 20 years of production and injection. The geomechanical models were meshed from structure maps and contained more than 300,000 nodal points. Shear strain localization along weak bedding planes that causes casing dog-legs in the field was accommodated in the model by contact surfaces located immediately above the reservoir and at two locations in the overburden. The geomechanical simulations are validated by comparison of the predicted surface subsidence with field measurements, and by comparison of predicted deformation with observed casing damage. Additionally, simulations performed for two independently developed areas at South Belridge, Sections 33 and 29, corroborate their different well failure histories. The simulations suggest the three types of casing damage observed, and show that although water injection has mitigated surface subsidence, it can, under some circumstances, increase the lateral gradients in effective stress, that in turn can accelerate subsurface horizontal motions. Geomechanical simulation is an important reservoir management tool that can be used to identify optimal operating policies to mitigate casing damage for existing field developments, and applied to incorporate the effect of well failure potential in economic analyses of alternative infilling and development options.},
doi = {10.2118/65354-PA},
journal = {SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}