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Title: Regulatory basis for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant performance assessment

Abstract

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is the first operational repository designed for the safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) radioactive waste from the defense programs of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for certifications and regulation of the WIPP facility for the radioactive components of the waste. The EPA has promulgated general radioactive waste disposal standards at 40 CFR Part 191. and WIPP-specific criteria to implement and interpret the generic disposal standards at 40 CFR Part 194. In October 1996. the DOE submitted its Compliance Certification Application (CCA) to the EPA to demonstrate compliance with the disposal standards at Subparts B and C of 40 CFR Part 191. This paper summarizes the development of the overall legal framework for radioactive waste disposal at the WIPP, the parallel development of the WIPP performance assessment (PA), and how the EPA disposal standards and implementing criteria formed the basis for the CCA WIPP PA. The CCA resulted in a certification in May 1998 by the EPA of the WIPP'S compliance with the EPA's disposal standard, thus enabling the WIPP to begin radioactive waste disposal.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
755589
Report Number(s):
SAND2000-1126J
TRN: US0003618
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Reliability Engineering and System Safety (Special Journal Issue)
Additional Journal Information:
Other Information: Submitted to Reliability Engineering and System Safety (Special Journal Issue); PBD: 22 May 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; WIPP; PERFORMANCE; ALPHA-BEARING WASTES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; SAFETY STANDARDS; CONTAMINATION REGULATIONS; US EPA; LEGAL ASPECTS; CERTIFICATION; COMPLIANCE CERTIFICATION APPLICATION; FEATURES; EVENTS AND PROCESSES; PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT; TRANSURANIC WASTE; UNCERTAINTY; WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT; 40 CFR 191; 40 CFR 194

Citation Formats

HOWARD,BRYAN A., CRAWFORD,M.B., GALSON,D.A., and MARIETTA,MELVIN G. Regulatory basis for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant performance assessment. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1016/S0951-8320(00)00028-4.
HOWARD,BRYAN A., CRAWFORD,M.B., GALSON,D.A., & MARIETTA,MELVIN G. Regulatory basis for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant performance assessment. United States. doi:10.1016/S0951-8320(00)00028-4.
HOWARD,BRYAN A., CRAWFORD,M.B., GALSON,D.A., and MARIETTA,MELVIN G. Mon . "Regulatory basis for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant performance assessment". United States. doi:10.1016/S0951-8320(00)00028-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/755589.
@article{osti_755589,
title = {Regulatory basis for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant performance assessment},
author = {HOWARD,BRYAN A. and CRAWFORD,M.B. and GALSON,D.A. and MARIETTA,MELVIN G.},
abstractNote = {The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is the first operational repository designed for the safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) radioactive waste from the defense programs of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for certifications and regulation of the WIPP facility for the radioactive components of the waste. The EPA has promulgated general radioactive waste disposal standards at 40 CFR Part 191. and WIPP-specific criteria to implement and interpret the generic disposal standards at 40 CFR Part 194. In October 1996. the DOE submitted its Compliance Certification Application (CCA) to the EPA to demonstrate compliance with the disposal standards at Subparts B and C of 40 CFR Part 191. This paper summarizes the development of the overall legal framework for radioactive waste disposal at the WIPP, the parallel development of the WIPP performance assessment (PA), and how the EPA disposal standards and implementing criteria formed the basis for the CCA WIPP PA. The CCA resulted in a certification in May 1998 by the EPA of the WIPP'S compliance with the EPA's disposal standard, thus enabling the WIPP to begin radioactive waste disposal.},
doi = {10.1016/S0951-8320(00)00028-4},
journal = {Reliability Engineering and System Safety (Special Journal Issue)},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}