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Title: Bamboo: An Overlooked Biomass Resource?

Abstract

Bamboo is the common term applied to a broad group (1250 species) of large woody grasses, ranging from 10 cm to 40 m in height. Already in everyday use by about 2.5 billion people, mostly for fiber and food within Asia, bamboo may have potential as a bioenergy or fiber crop for niche markets, although some reports of its high productivity seem to be exaggerated. Literature on bamboo productivity is scarce, with most reports coming from various parts of Asia. There is little evidence overall that bamboo is significantly more productive than many other candidate bioenergy crops, but it shares a number of desirable fuel characteristics with certain other bioenergy feedstocks, such as low ash content and alkali index. Its heating value is lower than many woody biomass feedstocks but higher than most agricultural residues, grasses and straws. Although non-fuel applications of bamboo biomass may be actually more profitable than energy recovery, there may also be potential for co-productio n of bioenergy together with other bamboo processing. A significant drawback is the difficulty of selective breeding, given the lack of knowledge of flowering physiology. Further research is also required on propagation techniques, establishment and stand management, and mechanized harvesting needsmore » to be developed.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE Office of Solar Thermal, Biomass Power, and Hydrogen Technologies (EE-13) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
754363
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-1999/264
TRN: AH200037%%389
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Feb 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; ASH CONTENT; BAMBOO; BIOMASS; ENERGY RECOVERY; BIOMASS FUELS; BIOENERGY CROPS

Citation Formats

Scurlock, J.M.O. Bamboo: An Overlooked Biomass Resource?. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/754363.
Scurlock, J.M.O. Bamboo: An Overlooked Biomass Resource?. United States. doi:10.2172/754363.
Scurlock, J.M.O. Tue . "Bamboo: An Overlooked Biomass Resource?". United States. doi:10.2172/754363. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/754363.
@article{osti_754363,
title = {Bamboo: An Overlooked Biomass Resource?},
author = {Scurlock, J.M.O.},
abstractNote = {Bamboo is the common term applied to a broad group (1250 species) of large woody grasses, ranging from 10 cm to 40 m in height. Already in everyday use by about 2.5 billion people, mostly for fiber and food within Asia, bamboo may have potential as a bioenergy or fiber crop for niche markets, although some reports of its high productivity seem to be exaggerated. Literature on bamboo productivity is scarce, with most reports coming from various parts of Asia. There is little evidence overall that bamboo is significantly more productive than many other candidate bioenergy crops, but it shares a number of desirable fuel characteristics with certain other bioenergy feedstocks, such as low ash content and alkali index. Its heating value is lower than many woody biomass feedstocks but higher than most agricultural residues, grasses and straws. Although non-fuel applications of bamboo biomass may be actually more profitable than energy recovery, there may also be potential for co-productio n of bioenergy together with other bamboo processing. A significant drawback is the difficulty of selective breeding, given the lack of knowledge of flowering physiology. Further research is also required on propagation techniques, establishment and stand management, and mechanized harvesting needs to be developed.},
doi = {10.2172/754363},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {2}
}