skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Effect of oil pollution of soil on germination, growth, and nutrient uptake of corn

Abstract

The effect of crude oil pollution of soil on the growth of plants and uptake of nutrients was investigated by growing corn (Zea mays L.) on a soil polluted by crude petroleum. The levels of the crude oil application varied from 0 to 10.6 percent by weight of soil. Three corn crops were raised in succession, each for a period of 6 weeks, in the same soil. The yeilds and plant contents of N, P, K, Ca, Fe, and Mn were determined. The soil was analyzed for organic C, total and available N, extractable P, and exchangeable K, Ca, Fe and Mn after each cropping. Germination and yields were drastically reduced as the level of pollution increased. At 4.2 percent crude oil pollution level, the average reductions were 50 percent and 92 percent in germination and yield, respectively. The amount of organic C, total N, and exchangeable K, Fe, and Mn increased in the soil with level of crude oil addition, while extractable P, NO/sub 3/-N, and exchangeable Ca were reduced. The poor growth was attributed to suffocation of the plants caused by exclusion of air by the oil or exhaustion of oxygen by increased microbial activity, interference with plant-soil-watermore » relationships, and toxicity from sulfides and excess available Mn produced during the decomposition of the hydrocarbons.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Ibadan, Nigeria
OSTI Identifier:
7366131
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Environ. Qual.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 02 PETROLEUM; PETROLEUM; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; GERMINATION; GROWTH; INHIBITION; LAND POLLUTION; MAIZE; NUTRIENTS; PRODUCTIVITY; SOILS; UPTAKE; BIOMASS; CEREALS; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; GRAMINEAE; GRASS; PLANTS; POLLUTION; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; 510100* - Environment, Terrestrial- Basic Studies- (-1989); 560303 - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Plants- (-1987); 020900 - Petroleum- Environmental Aspects

Citation Formats

Udo, E J, and Feyemi, A A.A. Effect of oil pollution of soil on germination, growth, and nutrient uptake of corn. United States: N. p., 1975. Web. doi:10.2134/jeq1975.00472425000400040023x.
Udo, E J, & Feyemi, A A.A. Effect of oil pollution of soil on germination, growth, and nutrient uptake of corn. United States. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1975.00472425000400040023x
Udo, E J, and Feyemi, A A.A. 1975. "Effect of oil pollution of soil on germination, growth, and nutrient uptake of corn". United States. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq1975.00472425000400040023x.
@article{osti_7366131,
title = {Effect of oil pollution of soil on germination, growth, and nutrient uptake of corn},
author = {Udo, E J and Feyemi, A A.A.},
abstractNote = {The effect of crude oil pollution of soil on the growth of plants and uptake of nutrients was investigated by growing corn (Zea mays L.) on a soil polluted by crude petroleum. The levels of the crude oil application varied from 0 to 10.6 percent by weight of soil. Three corn crops were raised in succession, each for a period of 6 weeks, in the same soil. The yeilds and plant contents of N, P, K, Ca, Fe, and Mn were determined. The soil was analyzed for organic C, total and available N, extractable P, and exchangeable K, Ca, Fe and Mn after each cropping. Germination and yields were drastically reduced as the level of pollution increased. At 4.2 percent crude oil pollution level, the average reductions were 50 percent and 92 percent in germination and yield, respectively. The amount of organic C, total N, and exchangeable K, Fe, and Mn increased in the soil with level of crude oil addition, while extractable P, NO/sub 3/-N, and exchangeable Ca were reduced. The poor growth was attributed to suffocation of the plants caused by exclusion of air by the oil or exhaustion of oxygen by increased microbial activity, interference with plant-soil-water relationships, and toxicity from sulfides and excess available Mn produced during the decomposition of the hydrocarbons.},
doi = {10.2134/jeq1975.00472425000400040023x},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/7366131}, journal = {J. Environ. Qual.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 4:4,
place = {United States},
year = {1975},
month = {1}
}