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Title: Plasma and magnetic field characteristics of the distant polar cusp near local noon: The entry layer

Abstract

Heos 2 plasma and magnetic field measurements in the distant polar cusp region reveal the existence of a plasma layer on day side field lines just inside the magnetopause. Density and temperature in this layer are nearly the same as they are in the adjacent magnetosheath, but the flow lacks the order existing both in the magnetosheath and in the plasma mantle. Flow directions toward and away from the sun but, in general, parallel to the field lines have been found. The magnetopause (as defined by a sudden rotation of the magnetic field vector) mostly coincides with the transition to ordered magnetosheath flow. The inner boundary of the layer is located just within the outer boundary of the hot ring current plasma. In the region of overlap the hot electrons have the signature of trapped particles, though often at reduced intensity. The magnetic field is strongly fluctuating in magnitude, while its orientation is more stable, consistent with a connection to the earth, but is systematically distorted out of the meridian plane. The layer is thought to be a consequence of the entry of magnetosheath plasma, which does not appear to be unobstructed, as has been claimed in the concept ofmore » a magnetospheric cleft. The magnetopause has a cusplike indentation which is elongated in local time. The existence of field-aligned currents (total strength approx. =10/sup 6/ A) and their location of flow in the inner part of the entry layer (into the ionosphere before noon and out of it after noon) are inferred from the systematic bending of field lines. It is proposed that the dynamo of the related current system is provided by the transfer of perpendicular momentum resulting from the plasma entry into the layer. The essential features of the entry layer might be compatible with the model of plasma flow through the magnetopause of Levy et al. (1964) if a 'dam' effect caused by the cusp geometry were added. (AIP)« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Max-Planck-Institut fur Physik und Astrophysik, Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, West Germany
OSTI Identifier:
7358175
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Geophys. Res.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 81:16
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; POLAR REGIONS; MAGNETOSHEATH; MAGNETOPAUSE; MAGNETOSPHERE; PLASMA DRIFT; PLASMASPHERE; RING CURRENTS; CURRENTS; EARTH ATMOSPHERE; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; 640203* - Atmospheric Physics- Magnetospheric Phenomena- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Paschmann, G, Haerendel, G, Sckopke, N, Rosenbauer, H, and Hedgecock, P C. Plasma and magnetic field characteristics of the distant polar cusp near local noon: The entry layer. United States: N. p., 1976. Web. doi:10.1029/JA081i016p02883.
Paschmann, G, Haerendel, G, Sckopke, N, Rosenbauer, H, & Hedgecock, P C. Plasma and magnetic field characteristics of the distant polar cusp near local noon: The entry layer. United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/JA081i016p02883
Paschmann, G, Haerendel, G, Sckopke, N, Rosenbauer, H, and Hedgecock, P C. Tue . "Plasma and magnetic field characteristics of the distant polar cusp near local noon: The entry layer". United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/JA081i016p02883.
@article{osti_7358175,
title = {Plasma and magnetic field characteristics of the distant polar cusp near local noon: The entry layer},
author = {Paschmann, G and Haerendel, G and Sckopke, N and Rosenbauer, H and Hedgecock, P C},
abstractNote = {Heos 2 plasma and magnetic field measurements in the distant polar cusp region reveal the existence of a plasma layer on day side field lines just inside the magnetopause. Density and temperature in this layer are nearly the same as they are in the adjacent magnetosheath, but the flow lacks the order existing both in the magnetosheath and in the plasma mantle. Flow directions toward and away from the sun but, in general, parallel to the field lines have been found. The magnetopause (as defined by a sudden rotation of the magnetic field vector) mostly coincides with the transition to ordered magnetosheath flow. The inner boundary of the layer is located just within the outer boundary of the hot ring current plasma. In the region of overlap the hot electrons have the signature of trapped particles, though often at reduced intensity. The magnetic field is strongly fluctuating in magnitude, while its orientation is more stable, consistent with a connection to the earth, but is systematically distorted out of the meridian plane. The layer is thought to be a consequence of the entry of magnetosheath plasma, which does not appear to be unobstructed, as has been claimed in the concept of a magnetospheric cleft. The magnetopause has a cusplike indentation which is elongated in local time. The existence of field-aligned currents (total strength approx. =10/sup 6/ A) and their location of flow in the inner part of the entry layer (into the ionosphere before noon and out of it after noon) are inferred from the systematic bending of field lines. It is proposed that the dynamo of the related current system is provided by the transfer of perpendicular momentum resulting from the plasma entry into the layer. The essential features of the entry layer might be compatible with the model of plasma flow through the magnetopause of Levy et al. (1964) if a 'dam' effect caused by the cusp geometry were added. (AIP)},
doi = {10.1029/JA081i016p02883},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/7358175}, journal = {J. Geophys. Res.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 81:16,
place = {United States},
year = {1976},
month = {6}
}