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Title: Review of heat transfer problems associated with magnetically-confined fusion reactor concepts

Abstract

Conceptual design studies of possible fusion reactor configurations have revealed a host of interesting and sometimes extremely difficult heat transfer problems. The general requirements imposed on the coolant system for heat removal of the thermonuclear power from the reactor are discussed. In particular, the constraints imposed by the fusion plasma, neutronics, structure and magnetic field environment are described with emphasis on those aspects which are unusual or unique to fusion reactors. Then the particular heat transfer characteristics of various possible coolants including lithium, flibe, boiling alkali metals, and helium are discussed in the context of these general fusion reactor requirements. Some specific areas where further experimental and/or theoretical work is necessary are listed for each coolant along with references to the pertinent research already accomplished. Specialized heat transfer problems of the plasma injection and removal systems are also described. Finally, the challenging heat transfer problems associated with the superconducting magnets are reviewed, and once again some of the key unsolved heat transfer problems are enumerated.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
California Univ., Livermore (USA). Lawrence Livermore Lab.
OSTI Identifier:
7357915
Report Number(s):
UCRL-78036; CONF-760816-3
TRN: 76-018668
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: National heat transfer conference, St. Louis, MO, USA, 8 Aug 1976
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BREEDING BLANKETS; HEAT TRANSFER; THERMONUCLEAR REACTOR COOLING SYSTEMS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; ALKALI METALS; BOILING; FLIBE; LITHIUM; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PLASMA BEAM INJECTION; SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS; BEAM INJECTION; COOLING SYSTEMS; ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT; ELECTROMAGNETS; ELEMENTS; ENERGY TRANSFER; EQUIPMENT; MAGNETS; METALS; MOLTEN SALTS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; REACTOR COMPONENTS; SALTS; SUPERCONDUCTING DEVICES; 700204* - Fusion Power Plant Technology- Cooling Systems; 420201 - Engineering- Cryogenic Equipment & Devices

Citation Formats

Hoffman, M.A., Werner, R.W., Carlson, G.A., and Cornish, D.N. Review of heat transfer problems associated with magnetically-confined fusion reactor concepts. United States: N. p., 1976. Web.
Hoffman, M.A., Werner, R.W., Carlson, G.A., & Cornish, D.N. Review of heat transfer problems associated with magnetically-confined fusion reactor concepts. United States.
Hoffman, M.A., Werner, R.W., Carlson, G.A., and Cornish, D.N. Thu . "Review of heat transfer problems associated with magnetically-confined fusion reactor concepts". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7357915.
@article{osti_7357915,
title = {Review of heat transfer problems associated with magnetically-confined fusion reactor concepts},
author = {Hoffman, M.A. and Werner, R.W. and Carlson, G.A. and Cornish, D.N.},
abstractNote = {Conceptual design studies of possible fusion reactor configurations have revealed a host of interesting and sometimes extremely difficult heat transfer problems. The general requirements imposed on the coolant system for heat removal of the thermonuclear power from the reactor are discussed. In particular, the constraints imposed by the fusion plasma, neutronics, structure and magnetic field environment are described with emphasis on those aspects which are unusual or unique to fusion reactors. Then the particular heat transfer characteristics of various possible coolants including lithium, flibe, boiling alkali metals, and helium are discussed in the context of these general fusion reactor requirements. Some specific areas where further experimental and/or theoretical work is necessary are listed for each coolant along with references to the pertinent research already accomplished. Specialized heat transfer problems of the plasma injection and removal systems are also described. Finally, the challenging heat transfer problems associated with the superconducting magnets are reviewed, and once again some of the key unsolved heat transfer problems are enumerated.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1976},
month = {4}
}

Conference:
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