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Title: Measurement of the hydrogen yield in the radiolysis of water by dissolved fission products

Abstract

Hydrogen from the radiolysis of water by dissolved fission products is stripped from the solution and collected by bubbling CO/sub 2/ through the solution. Quantitative measurements of the G value for hydrogen show that the yield is essentially the same as would be obtained by external gamma radiolysis of nonradioactive solutions of the same chemical composition. The hydrogen yield can be enhanced by addition of a hydrogen-atom donor, such as formic acid, to the solution. The yield of hydrogen from fission-waste solutions is discussed with respect to the question of whether it represents a significant energy source.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., Ill. (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA)
OSTI Identifier:
7347831
Report Number(s):
ANL-76-46
TRN: 76-017650
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; HYDROGEN; G VALUE; WATER; RADIOLYSIS; FISSION PRODUCTS; CHEMICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CHEMISTRY; CRYOGENIC FLUIDS; DECOMPOSITION; ELEMENTS; FLUIDS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; ISOTOPES; NONMETALS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RADIATION CHEMISTRY; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; 400600* - Radiation Chemistry

Citation Formats

Sauer, Jr., M. C., Hart, E. J., Flynn, K. F., and Gindler, J. E. Measurement of the hydrogen yield in the radiolysis of water by dissolved fission products. United States: N. p., 1976. Web. doi:10.2172/7347831.
Sauer, Jr., M. C., Hart, E. J., Flynn, K. F., & Gindler, J. E. Measurement of the hydrogen yield in the radiolysis of water by dissolved fission products. United States. doi:10.2172/7347831.
Sauer, Jr., M. C., Hart, E. J., Flynn, K. F., and Gindler, J. E. Thu . "Measurement of the hydrogen yield in the radiolysis of water by dissolved fission products". United States. doi:10.2172/7347831. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7347831.
@article{osti_7347831,
title = {Measurement of the hydrogen yield in the radiolysis of water by dissolved fission products},
author = {Sauer, Jr., M. C. and Hart, E. J. and Flynn, K. F. and Gindler, J. E.},
abstractNote = {Hydrogen from the radiolysis of water by dissolved fission products is stripped from the solution and collected by bubbling CO/sub 2/ through the solution. Quantitative measurements of the G value for hydrogen show that the yield is essentially the same as would be obtained by external gamma radiolysis of nonradioactive solutions of the same chemical composition. The hydrogen yield can be enhanced by addition of a hydrogen-atom donor, such as formic acid, to the solution. The yield of hydrogen from fission-waste solutions is discussed with respect to the question of whether it represents a significant energy source.},
doi = {10.2172/7347831},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1976},
month = {4}
}