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Title: Prediction of minimum UO/sub 2/ particle size based on thermal stress initiated fracture model. [LMFBR]

Abstract

An analytic study was employed to determine the minimum UO/sub 2/ particle size that could survive fragmentation induced by thermal stresses in a UO/sub 2/-Na Fuel Coolant Interaction (FCI). A brittle fracture mechanics approach was the basis of the study whereby stress intensity factors K/sub I/ were compared to the fracture toughness K/sub IC/ to determine if the particle could fracture. Solid and liquid UO/sub 2/ droplets were considered each with two possible interface contact conditions; perfect wetting by the sodium or a finite heat transfer coefficient. The analysis indicated that particles below the range of 50 microns in radius could survive a UO/sub 2/-Na fuel coolant interaction under the most severe temperature conditions without thermal stress fragmentation. Environmental conditions of the fuel-coolant interaction were varied to determine the effects upon K/sub I/ and possible fragmentation. The underlying assumptions of the analysis were investigated in light of the analytic results. It was concluded that the analytic study seemed to verify the experimental observations as to the range of the minimum particle size due to thermal stress fragmentation by FCI. However the method used when the results are viewed in light of the basic assumptions indicates that the analysis is crudemore » at best, and can be viewed as only a rough order of magnitude analysis. The basic complexities in fracture mechanics make further investigation in this area interesting but not necessarily fruitful for the immediate future.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge (USA). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering
OSTI Identifier:
7311033
Report Number(s):
COO-2781-4-TR
TRN: 77-009148
DOE Contract Number:  
EY-76-S-02-2781
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; FRAGMENTATION; PARTICLE SIZE; FUEL-COOLANT INTERACTIONS; LMFBR TYPE REACTORS; FRACTURE PROPERTIES; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; SODIUM; URANIUM DIOXIDE; ACTINIDE COMPOUNDS; ALKALI METALS; BREEDER REACTORS; CHALCOGENIDES; ELEMENTS; EPITHERMAL REACTORS; FAST REACTORS; FBR TYPE REACTORS; LIQUID METAL COOLED REACTORS; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; METALS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; REACTORS; SIZE; URANIUM COMPOUNDS; URANIUM OXIDES; 220900* - Nuclear Reactor Technology- Reactor Safety; 210500 - Power Reactors, Breeding

Citation Formats

Corradini, M. Prediction of minimum UO/sub 2/ particle size based on thermal stress initiated fracture model. [LMFBR]. United States: N. p., 1976. Web. doi:10.2172/7311033.
Corradini, M. Prediction of minimum UO/sub 2/ particle size based on thermal stress initiated fracture model. [LMFBR]. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/7311033
Corradini, M. Sun . "Prediction of minimum UO/sub 2/ particle size based on thermal stress initiated fracture model. [LMFBR]". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/7311033. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7311033.
@article{osti_7311033,
title = {Prediction of minimum UO/sub 2/ particle size based on thermal stress initiated fracture model. [LMFBR]},
author = {Corradini, M},
abstractNote = {An analytic study was employed to determine the minimum UO/sub 2/ particle size that could survive fragmentation induced by thermal stresses in a UO/sub 2/-Na Fuel Coolant Interaction (FCI). A brittle fracture mechanics approach was the basis of the study whereby stress intensity factors K/sub I/ were compared to the fracture toughness K/sub IC/ to determine if the particle could fracture. Solid and liquid UO/sub 2/ droplets were considered each with two possible interface contact conditions; perfect wetting by the sodium or a finite heat transfer coefficient. The analysis indicated that particles below the range of 50 microns in radius could survive a UO/sub 2/-Na fuel coolant interaction under the most severe temperature conditions without thermal stress fragmentation. Environmental conditions of the fuel-coolant interaction were varied to determine the effects upon K/sub I/ and possible fragmentation. The underlying assumptions of the analysis were investigated in light of the analytic results. It was concluded that the analytic study seemed to verify the experimental observations as to the range of the minimum particle size due to thermal stress fragmentation by FCI. However the method used when the results are viewed in light of the basic assumptions indicates that the analysis is crude at best, and can be viewed as only a rough order of magnitude analysis. The basic complexities in fracture mechanics make further investigation in this area interesting but not necessarily fruitful for the immediate future.},
doi = {10.2172/7311033},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/7311033}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1976},
month = {8}
}