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Title: Heating and cooling system with heat pump and storage

Abstract

A heating and cooling system is described which includes a reversible heat pump with three refrigerant coils, one of which is in an air duct for the space to be served, another of which is in heat exchange relation with outdoor air, and a third of which is adapted to exchange heat with a heat exchange fluid which is circulated from a heat storage location, the system including valve means in the refrigerant lines for connecting any of the three coils to operate as either an evaporator or a condenser and for connecting either one of the other two coils to operate as a condenser or evaporator, respectively, so that heat can be exchanged in any combination between air in the duct serving the space to be heated, outside air, and the storage fluid. The system also preferably includes a solar collector and a second fluid storage tank, and circulating means and fluid valve means as well as a fluid-to-air heat exchanger in the duct so that heat from solar insulation may be used to heat directly or placed in storage, or heat may be provided for the space directly from the storage. Heat from storage may also be usedmore » with the heat pump operating. Various other modes of heat pump operation are also available in a cooling operation. The system also includes the provision of a diverting valve arrangement for the three coil heat pump which precludes, through a physical blocking arrangement, the possibility of short circuiting the discharge from the refrigerant compressor to the suction side of the compressor.« less

Inventors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
7308238
Patent Number(s):
US 4012920
Assignee:
Westinghouse Electric Corp.
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: Filed date 18 Feb 1976
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 14 SOLAR ENERGY; BUILDINGS; COOLING SYSTEMS; HEATING SYSTEMS; OPERATION; SOLAR-ASSISTED HEAT PUMPS; THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE EQUIPMENT; DESIGN; HEAT STORAGE; SOLAR COLLECTORS; AIR CONDITIONERS; APPLIANCES; ELECTRIC APPLIANCES; ENERGY STORAGE; EQUIPMENT; GAS APPLIANCES; HEAT EXCHANGERS; HEAT PUMPS; SOLAR AIR CONDITIONERS; SOLAR COOLING SYSTEMS; SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS; STORAGE; 320100* - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Buildings; 140901 - Solar Thermal Utilization- Space Heating & Cooling

Citation Formats

Kirschbaum, H S. Heating and cooling system with heat pump and storage. United States: N. p., 1977. Web.
Kirschbaum, H S. Heating and cooling system with heat pump and storage. United States.
Kirschbaum, H S. Tue . "Heating and cooling system with heat pump and storage". United States.
@article{osti_7308238,
title = {Heating and cooling system with heat pump and storage},
author = {Kirschbaum, H S},
abstractNote = {A heating and cooling system is described which includes a reversible heat pump with three refrigerant coils, one of which is in an air duct for the space to be served, another of which is in heat exchange relation with outdoor air, and a third of which is adapted to exchange heat with a heat exchange fluid which is circulated from a heat storage location, the system including valve means in the refrigerant lines for connecting any of the three coils to operate as either an evaporator or a condenser and for connecting either one of the other two coils to operate as a condenser or evaporator, respectively, so that heat can be exchanged in any combination between air in the duct serving the space to be heated, outside air, and the storage fluid. The system also preferably includes a solar collector and a second fluid storage tank, and circulating means and fluid valve means as well as a fluid-to-air heat exchanger in the duct so that heat from solar insulation may be used to heat directly or placed in storage, or heat may be provided for the space directly from the storage. Heat from storage may also be used with the heat pump operating. Various other modes of heat pump operation are also available in a cooling operation. The system also includes the provision of a diverting valve arrangement for the three coil heat pump which precludes, through a physical blocking arrangement, the possibility of short circuiting the discharge from the refrigerant compressor to the suction side of the compressor.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1977},
month = {3}
}