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Title: An assessment of possible climate change in the Australian region based on intercomparison of general circulation modeling results

Abstract

To assist in estimating likely future climate change in the Australian region, the authors examine the results of four different general circulation modeling experiments run to assess the equilibrium impact of doubling greenhouse gases. The results examined were the most recent available at the time of study from various research centers in North America and Europe, as well as those of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). The approach used is, first, to assess the quality of the control (1 x CO[sub 2]) simulations from each of the models of mean sea level (MSL) pressure and precipitation in the Australian region by comparing these with the corresponding observed patterns; and, second, to then analyze the 2 x CO[sub 2] results of only those model experiments with the best control simulations. Of the models examined two are chosen on the basis of their simulation of current climate in the region: the CSIRO four-level model (CSIRO4) and the United Kingdom Meteorological Office (UKMO) model. For conditions of equivalent doubling of CO[sub 2], both models show substantial increases in surface air temperature of around 4[degrees]-6[degrees] inland and 2[degrees]-4[degrees]C in coastal regions. Both models show decreased MSL pressure over the Australian continentmore » and increases in rainfall over northern, central, and eastern Australia, particularly in the summer half of the year. The CSIRO4 model, but not the UKMO model, also shows increased pressure to the south of the continent and decreased winter rainfall in southwest and southern Australia. Generally, field significance tests show the pattern and magnitude of the changes to be significant of CSIRO4 (for which the necessary monthly simulated data were available). 42 refs., 20 figs., 5 tabs.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. (CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research, Mordialloc, Victoria (Australia))
  2. (Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
7266056
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Climate; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7:3; Journal ID: ISSN 0894-8755
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AUSTRALIA; AMBIENT TEMPERATURE; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; GENERAL CIRCULATION MODELS; CARBON DIOXIDE; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; CLIMATIC CHANGE; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; FORECASTING; AUSTRALASIA; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; 540120* - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Whetton, P.H., Pittock, A.B., Haylock, M.R., and Rayner, P.J.. An assessment of possible climate change in the Australian region based on intercomparison of general circulation modeling results. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0441:AAOPCC>2.0.CO;2.
Whetton, P.H., Pittock, A.B., Haylock, M.R., & Rayner, P.J.. An assessment of possible climate change in the Australian region based on intercomparison of general circulation modeling results. United States. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0441:AAOPCC>2.0.CO;2.
Whetton, P.H., Pittock, A.B., Haylock, M.R., and Rayner, P.J.. Tue . "An assessment of possible climate change in the Australian region based on intercomparison of general circulation modeling results". United States. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0441:AAOPCC>2.0.CO;2.
@article{osti_7266056,
title = {An assessment of possible climate change in the Australian region based on intercomparison of general circulation modeling results},
author = {Whetton, P.H. and Pittock, A.B. and Haylock, M.R. and Rayner, P.J.},
abstractNote = {To assist in estimating likely future climate change in the Australian region, the authors examine the results of four different general circulation modeling experiments run to assess the equilibrium impact of doubling greenhouse gases. The results examined were the most recent available at the time of study from various research centers in North America and Europe, as well as those of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). The approach used is, first, to assess the quality of the control (1 x CO[sub 2]) simulations from each of the models of mean sea level (MSL) pressure and precipitation in the Australian region by comparing these with the corresponding observed patterns; and, second, to then analyze the 2 x CO[sub 2] results of only those model experiments with the best control simulations. Of the models examined two are chosen on the basis of their simulation of current climate in the region: the CSIRO four-level model (CSIRO4) and the United Kingdom Meteorological Office (UKMO) model. For conditions of equivalent doubling of CO[sub 2], both models show substantial increases in surface air temperature of around 4[degrees]-6[degrees] inland and 2[degrees]-4[degrees]C in coastal regions. Both models show decreased MSL pressure over the Australian continent and increases in rainfall over northern, central, and eastern Australia, particularly in the summer half of the year. The CSIRO4 model, but not the UKMO model, also shows increased pressure to the south of the continent and decreased winter rainfall in southwest and southern Australia. Generally, field significance tests show the pattern and magnitude of the changes to be significant of CSIRO4 (for which the necessary monthly simulated data were available). 42 refs., 20 figs., 5 tabs.},
doi = {10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0441:AAOPCC>2.0.CO;2},
journal = {Journal of Climate; (United States)},
issn = {0894-8755},
number = ,
volume = 7:3,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {3}
}