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Title: Analysis of factors influencing the reliability of retrievable storage canisters for containment of solid high-level radioactive waste

Abstract

The reliability of stainless steel type 304L canisters for the containment of solidified high-level radioactive wastes in the glass and calcine forms was studied. A reference system, drawn largely from information furnished by Battelle Northwest Laboratories and Atlantic Richfield Hanford Company is described. Operations include filling the canister with the appropriate waste form, interim storage at a reprocessing plant, shipment in water to a Retrievable Surface Storage Facility (RSSF), interim storage at the RSSF, and shipment to a final disposal facility. The properties of stainless steel type 304L, fission product oxides, calcine, and glass were reviewed, and mechanisms of corrosion were identified and studied. The modes of corrosion important for reliability were stress-corrosion cracking, internal pressurization of the canister by residual impurities present, intergranular attack at the waste-canister interface, and potential local effects due to migration of fission products. The key role of temperature control throughout canister lifetime is considered together with interactive effects. Methods of ameliorating adverse effects and ensuring high reliability are identified and described. Conclusions and recommendations are presented.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., Ill. (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
7262845
Report Number(s):
ANL-76-82
TRN: 76-021773
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; RADIOACTIVE WASTE STORAGE; CONTAINERS; STAINLESS STEEL-304L; STRESS CORROSION; USES; CORROSION; GLASS; RECOMMENDATIONS; RELIABILITY; SOLIDIFICATION; ALLOYS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CHROMIUM ALLOYS; CHROMIUM STEELS; CHROMIUM-NICKEL STEELS; CORROSION RESISTANT ALLOYS; HEAT RESISTING ALLOYS; IRON ALLOYS; IRON BASE ALLOYS; MANAGEMENT; NICKEL ALLOYS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; STAINLESS STEELS; STEELS; STORAGE; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE STORAGE; 052002* - Nuclear Fuels- Waste Disposal & Storage; 360105 - Metals & Alloys- Corrosion & Erosion

Citation Formats

Mecham, W. J., Seefeldt, W. B., and Steindler, M. J. Analysis of factors influencing the reliability of retrievable storage canisters for containment of solid high-level radioactive waste. United States: N. p., 1976. Web. doi:10.2172/7262845.
Mecham, W. J., Seefeldt, W. B., & Steindler, M. J. Analysis of factors influencing the reliability of retrievable storage canisters for containment of solid high-level radioactive waste. United States. doi:10.2172/7262845.
Mecham, W. J., Seefeldt, W. B., and Steindler, M. J. Sun . "Analysis of factors influencing the reliability of retrievable storage canisters for containment of solid high-level radioactive waste". United States. doi:10.2172/7262845. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7262845.
@article{osti_7262845,
title = {Analysis of factors influencing the reliability of retrievable storage canisters for containment of solid high-level radioactive waste},
author = {Mecham, W. J. and Seefeldt, W. B. and Steindler, M. J.},
abstractNote = {The reliability of stainless steel type 304L canisters for the containment of solidified high-level radioactive wastes in the glass and calcine forms was studied. A reference system, drawn largely from information furnished by Battelle Northwest Laboratories and Atlantic Richfield Hanford Company is described. Operations include filling the canister with the appropriate waste form, interim storage at a reprocessing plant, shipment in water to a Retrievable Surface Storage Facility (RSSF), interim storage at the RSSF, and shipment to a final disposal facility. The properties of stainless steel type 304L, fission product oxides, calcine, and glass were reviewed, and mechanisms of corrosion were identified and studied. The modes of corrosion important for reliability were stress-corrosion cracking, internal pressurization of the canister by residual impurities present, intergranular attack at the waste-canister interface, and potential local effects due to migration of fission products. The key role of temperature control throughout canister lifetime is considered together with interactive effects. Methods of ameliorating adverse effects and ensuring high reliability are identified and described. Conclusions and recommendations are presented.},
doi = {10.2172/7262845},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1976},
month = {8}
}