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Title: Lithium requirements for electric vehicles using lithium-water-air batteries. [Mechanically rechargeable]

Abstract

The lithium--water--air battery is a new primary battery of such exceptional power and energy that it is a candidate to provide propulsion for electric automobiles of the future. In the electrochemical reaction involved, lithium, oxygen, and CO/sub 2/ are combined; Li/sub 2/CO/sub 3/ is left as a by-product to be removed from the battery and recycled. A subcompact car weighing 910 kg would transform 7.2 kg of lithium in traveling 320 km at 97 km/hr. At least an equal amount of lithium per car would be unavailable because of the need to recycle the by-product (Li/sub 2/CO/sub 3/). Thus, a minimum of 14.4 kg of lithium per car is required to support a transportation system based upon this power source. Assuming that, in the year 2000, 12 to 16 percent of all vehicles are powered by lithium--water--air batteries, we will need 234,000 to 425,000 metric tons of lithium. This amount is somewhat less than the total known U.S. lithium reserves; but, if the current rate of consumption of lithium for other purposes continues, the supply of lithium will have to be increased. 4 figures, 5 tables (auth)

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
California Univ., Livermore (USA). Lawrence Livermore Lab.
OSTI Identifier:
7200035
Report Number(s):
UCRL-77440; CONF-760112-2
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Symposium on United States lithium resources and requirements by the year 2000, Lakewood, CO, USA, 22 Jan 1976
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; LITHIUM-WATER-AIR BATTERIES; LITHIUM; RESERVES; PERFORMANCE; AUTOMOBILES; DESIGN; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; ALKALI METALS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ELEMENTS; ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS; METAL-GAS BATTERIES; METALS; RESOURCES; VEHICLES; 250904* - Energy Storage- Batteries- Other Applications; 330300 - Advanced Propulsion Systems- Electric-Powered Systems; 250903 - Energy Storage- Batteries- Materials, Components, & Auxiliaries

Citation Formats

Cooper, J F, Borg, I Y, O'Connell, L.G. Behrin, E., Rubin, B, and Wiesner, H. Lithium requirements for electric vehicles using lithium-water-air batteries. [Mechanically rechargeable]. United States: N. p., 1975. Web.
Cooper, J F, Borg, I Y, O'Connell, L.G. Behrin, E., Rubin, B, & Wiesner, H. Lithium requirements for electric vehicles using lithium-water-air batteries. [Mechanically rechargeable]. United States.
Cooper, J F, Borg, I Y, O'Connell, L.G. Behrin, E., Rubin, B, and Wiesner, H. 1975. "Lithium requirements for electric vehicles using lithium-water-air batteries. [Mechanically rechargeable]". United States.
@article{osti_7200035,
title = {Lithium requirements for electric vehicles using lithium-water-air batteries. [Mechanically rechargeable]},
author = {Cooper, J F and Borg, I Y and O'Connell, L.G. Behrin, E. and Rubin, B and Wiesner, H},
abstractNote = {The lithium--water--air battery is a new primary battery of such exceptional power and energy that it is a candidate to provide propulsion for electric automobiles of the future. In the electrochemical reaction involved, lithium, oxygen, and CO/sub 2/ are combined; Li/sub 2/CO/sub 3/ is left as a by-product to be removed from the battery and recycled. A subcompact car weighing 910 kg would transform 7.2 kg of lithium in traveling 320 km at 97 km/hr. At least an equal amount of lithium per car would be unavailable because of the need to recycle the by-product (Li/sub 2/CO/sub 3/). Thus, a minimum of 14.4 kg of lithium per car is required to support a transportation system based upon this power source. Assuming that, in the year 2000, 12 to 16 percent of all vehicles are powered by lithium--water--air batteries, we will need 234,000 to 425,000 metric tons of lithium. This amount is somewhat less than the total known U.S. lithium reserves; but, if the current rate of consumption of lithium for other purposes continues, the supply of lithium will have to be increased. 4 figures, 5 tables (auth)},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/7200035}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1975},
month = {11}
}

Conference:
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