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Title: Characterization of a microdissection library from human chromosome region 3p14

Abstract

Structural alterations in human chromosome region 3p14-p23 resulting in the inactivation of one or more tumor suppressor genes are thought to play a pathogenic role in small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma, and other human neoplasms. To identify putative tumor suppressor genes, 428 recombinant clones from a microdissection library specific for human chromosome region 3p14 were isolated and characterized. Ninety-six of these (22.5%) were human single-copy DNA sequences, 57 of which were unique sequence clones. Forty-four of these were mapped to the microdissected region using a cell hybrid mapping panel. Within this mapping panel, four probes detected two new chromosome breakpoints that were previously indistinguishable from the translocation breakpoint t(3;8) in 3p14.2 in hereditary renal cell carcinoma. One probe maps to the homozygously deleted region of the small cell lung cancer cell line U2020. In addition, microdissection clones have been shown to be suitable for isolation of yeast artificial chromosomes. 52 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]; ;  [2]; ;  [3]; ;  [4]
  1. (Univ. of Essen Medical School, Essen (Germany))
  2. (Institut fuer Humangenetik, Essen (Germany))
  3. (Institu fuer Humangenetik, Universitaet Erlangen (Germany))
  4. (Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI (United States)) (and others)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
7199584
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Genomics; (United States); Journal Volume: 19:2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; HUMAN CHROMOSOME 3; GENETIC MAPPING; NEOPLASMS; ETIOLOGY; GENES; DNA SEQUENCING; DNA-CLONING; KIDNEYS; BODY; CHROMOSOMES; CLONING; DISEASES; DNA HYBRIDIZATION; HUMAN CHROMOSOMES; HYBRIDIZATION; MAPPING; ORGANS; STRUCTURAL CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; 550400* - Genetics; 550900 - Pathology

Citation Formats

Bardenheuer, W., Szymanski, S., Lux, A., Schuette, J., Luedecke, H.J., Horsthemke, B., Claussen, U., Senger, G., Smith, D.I., and Wang, N.D. Characterization of a microdissection library from human chromosome region 3p14. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.1006/geno.1994.1060.
Bardenheuer, W., Szymanski, S., Lux, A., Schuette, J., Luedecke, H.J., Horsthemke, B., Claussen, U., Senger, G., Smith, D.I., & Wang, N.D. Characterization of a microdissection library from human chromosome region 3p14. United States. doi:10.1006/geno.1994.1060.
Bardenheuer, W., Szymanski, S., Lux, A., Schuette, J., Luedecke, H.J., Horsthemke, B., Claussen, U., Senger, G., Smith, D.I., and Wang, N.D. 1994. "Characterization of a microdissection library from human chromosome region 3p14". United States. doi:10.1006/geno.1994.1060.
@article{osti_7199584,
title = {Characterization of a microdissection library from human chromosome region 3p14},
author = {Bardenheuer, W. and Szymanski, S. and Lux, A. and Schuette, J. and Luedecke, H.J. and Horsthemke, B. and Claussen, U. and Senger, G. and Smith, D.I. and Wang, N.D.},
abstractNote = {Structural alterations in human chromosome region 3p14-p23 resulting in the inactivation of one or more tumor suppressor genes are thought to play a pathogenic role in small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma, and other human neoplasms. To identify putative tumor suppressor genes, 428 recombinant clones from a microdissection library specific for human chromosome region 3p14 were isolated and characterized. Ninety-six of these (22.5%) were human single-copy DNA sequences, 57 of which were unique sequence clones. Forty-four of these were mapped to the microdissected region using a cell hybrid mapping panel. Within this mapping panel, four probes detected two new chromosome breakpoints that were previously indistinguishable from the translocation breakpoint t(3;8) in 3p14.2 in hereditary renal cell carcinoma. One probe maps to the homozygously deleted region of the small cell lung cancer cell line U2020. In addition, microdissection clones have been shown to be suitable for isolation of yeast artificial chromosomes. 52 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.},
doi = {10.1006/geno.1994.1060},
journal = {Genomics; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 19:2,
place = {United States},
year = 1994,
month = 1
}
  • Thirty-four unique-sequence microclones were isolated from a previously described microdissection library of human chromosome 21 and were regionally mapped using a cell hybrid mapping panel which consists of six cell hybrids and divides chromosome 21 into eight regions. The mapping results showed that the microclones were unevenly distributed along chromosome 21, with the majority of microclones located in the distal half portion of the long arm, between 21q21.3 and 21qter. The number of unique-sequence clones began to decrease significantly from 21q21.2 to centromere and extending to the short arm. This finding is consistent with those reported in other chromosome 21more » libraries. Thus, it may be inferred that the proximal portion of the long arm of chromosome 21 contains higher proportions of repetitive sequences, rather than unique sequences of genes. The microclones were also characterized for insert size and were used to identify the corresponding genomic fragments generated by HindIII. In addition, the authors demonstrated that the microclones with short inserts can be efficiently used to identify YAC (yeast artificial chromosome) clones with large inserts, for increased genomic coverage for high-resolution physical mapping. They also used 200 unique-sequence microclones to screen a human liver cDNA library and identified two cDNA clones which were regionally assigned to the 21q21.3-q22.1 region. Thus, generation of unique-sequence microclones from chromosome 21 appears to be useful to isolate and regionally map many cDNA clones, among which will be candidate genes for important diseases on chromosome 21, including Down syndrome, Alzheimer disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and one form of epilepsy.« less
  • The authors report the construction and characterization of a region-specific microdissection library for human chromosome 2p11-p13. This library (designated 2P4 library) is large, comprising 600,000 recombinant microclones. Thirty to 40% of the clones contain unique sequences. The insert sizes range from 100 to 800 bp, with a mean of 380 bp. A subset of the microclones was selected, based on their weak or no hybridization to total human DNA, for further analysis. Of 50 single-copy microclones analyzed, 35 clones (70%) were derived from human and are chromosome 2-specific. The insert sizes and the hybridizing genomic HindIII fragments of these clonesmore » were also determined. The 2P3 microdissection library and the single-copy microclones from the library are useful in preparing STS (sequence-tagged site) to isolate corresponding YAC (yeast artificial chromosome) or other clones with large inserts and for isolating region-specific cDNA clones as candidate genes for cloning disease-related genes assigned to this region.« less
  • Deletion of DNA sequences from at least three different regions on the short arm of human chromosome 3 (3p13-14, 3p21 and 3p25) are frequently observed during the development of many solid tumors, including lung cancers and renal cell carcinomas. In order to physically characterize the 3p21 region, the authors previously identified a radiation fusion hybrid that contained about 20 megabases of DNA from chromosome region 3p14.2p21.3. In this study total Alu-PCR products from this hybrid were used as a probe to isolate 86 yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones from a 620-kb average insert YAC library (ICRF). Sixty-nine Alu-PCR markers, generatedmore » from the YACs, and seven PCR primers were used to screen for overlaps between individual clones. Seven contigs were identified encompassing 32 YAC clones. Based on previous information about localization of the PCR primers, the three largest contigs could be assigned to smaller subregions between 3p14.2 and 3p21.3. By this work a large proportion of the 3p14.21.3 region is covered with large-insert YAC clones.« less
  • The short arm of human chromosome 2, comprising approximately 93 million bp, has been divided into four regions to construct region-specific microdissection libraries to facilitate physical mapping and gene cloning. These four regions include 2p23-p25 (designated 2P1), 2p21-p23 (2P2), 2p14-p16 (2P3), and 2p11-p13 (2P4). Together with three previously constructed microdissection libraries of 2P1, 2P2 and 2P4, a fourth library for the region 2P3 has been constructed and characterized to complete all four region-specific libraries for the entire 2p. The 2P3 library is very large, potentially comprising 1,000,000 recombinant microclones with insert sizes ranging between 50 and 800 bp and amore » mean of 250 bp. Approximately 40% of the microclones contain unique sequences. Of the 77 single-copy microclones analyzed, 66 clones (86%) hybridized to both human and chromosome 2 DNAs, indicating that they were derived from human and are chromosome 2 specific. The hybridizing HindIII genomic fragments for the 66 microclones have also been determined.« less
  • A region-specific plasmid library composed of 20,000 recombinants was constructed by microdissection of human chromosome 10 (10q11.2-q21.1) and subsequent amplification with the primer-linker method of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Hybridization with total human DNA showed that 32 of 217 microclones studied contained highly repetitive sequences. Further analysis of the remaining 185 microclones proved that 43 microclones, each having an insert longer than 200 bp, contained unique sequences of human chromosome 10 origin. Twenty-five microclones randomly selected from the 43 were used directly as probes to isolate corresponding cosmid clones, resulting in 32 cosmids corresponding to 14 microclones. Of the 25more » cosmids that could be mapped by fluorescence in situ hybridization, 24 proved to originate from the microdissected or adjacent region (10p11.2-q22.3)and 1 from a rather distal region (10q24.3-q25.1). In addition, 15 of the 32 cosmids revealed restriction fragment length polymorphisms, including 1 with a variable number of tandem repeats marker. The microdissection library and the obtained cosmids are valuable resources for constructing high-resolution physical and linkage maps of the pericentromeric region of chromosome 10, where the gene predisposing to multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A) has been mapped. 30 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.« less