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Title: Plastics that conduct electricity

Abstract

Conducting polymers combine the electrical properties of metals with the advantages of plastics. Ordinary polymers have the electronic profile of insulators and semiconductors. To make polymers conduct electricity, small quantities of certain chemicals are incorporated into the polymer by a process called doping. In 1977, the first conducting polymer was synthesized; in 1981, the first battery with polymer electrodes was demonstrated. Last summer, conducting polymers matched the conductivity of copper. Conducting polymers also have interesting optical, mechanical, and chemical properties that taken together with their ability to conduct might make them effective in novel applications. 5 figs.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
7171258
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Scientific American; (USA)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 258:2; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8733
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; PLASTICS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; COPPER; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTRODES; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; METALS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; POLYACETYLENES; POLYMERIZATION; POLYMERS; SYNTHESIS; USES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ELEMENTS; HYDROCARBONS; MATERIALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PETROCHEMICALS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; POLYENES; SYNTHETIC MATERIALS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; 360603* - Materials- Properties

Citation Formats

Kaner, R B, and MacDiarmid, A G. Plastics that conduct electricity. United States: N. p., 1988. Web. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0288-106.
Kaner, R B, & MacDiarmid, A G. Plastics that conduct electricity. United States. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0288-106.
Kaner, R B, and MacDiarmid, A G. Mon . "Plastics that conduct electricity". United States. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0288-106.
@article{osti_7171258,
title = {Plastics that conduct electricity},
author = {Kaner, R B and MacDiarmid, A G},
abstractNote = {Conducting polymers combine the electrical properties of metals with the advantages of plastics. Ordinary polymers have the electronic profile of insulators and semiconductors. To make polymers conduct electricity, small quantities of certain chemicals are incorporated into the polymer by a process called doping. In 1977, the first conducting polymer was synthesized; in 1981, the first battery with polymer electrodes was demonstrated. Last summer, conducting polymers matched the conductivity of copper. Conducting polymers also have interesting optical, mechanical, and chemical properties that taken together with their ability to conduct might make them effective in novel applications. 5 figs.},
doi = {10.1038/scientificamerican0288-106},
journal = {Scientific American; (USA)},
issn = {0036-8733},
number = ,
volume = 258:2,
place = {United States},
year = {1988},
month = {2}
}