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Title: Radiotherapy T1 glottic carcinoma


From 1970 to 1985, curative radiotherapy was administered to 63 patients with stage I carcinoma of the true vocal cords. Precision radiotherapeutic technique yields cure rates comparable to surgical results. Good voice quality was preserved in a high percentage of patients.

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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: New Jersey Medicine; (USA); Journal Volume: 86:11
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Zablow, A.I., Erba, P.S., and Sanfillippo, L.J. Radiotherapy T1 glottic carcinoma. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Zablow, A.I., Erba, P.S., & Sanfillippo, L.J. Radiotherapy T1 glottic carcinoma. United States.
Zablow, A.I., Erba, P.S., and Sanfillippo, L.J. 1989. "Radiotherapy T1 glottic carcinoma". United States. doi:.
title = {Radiotherapy T1 glottic carcinoma},
author = {Zablow, A.I. and Erba, P.S. and Sanfillippo, L.J.},
abstractNote = {From 1970 to 1985, curative radiotherapy was administered to 63 patients with stage I carcinoma of the true vocal cords. Precision radiotherapeutic technique yields cure rates comparable to surgical results. Good voice quality was preserved in a high percentage of patients.},
doi = {},
journal = {New Jersey Medicine; (USA)},
number = ,
volume = 86:11,
place = {United States},
year = 1989,
month =
  • One hundred and sixty two patients with early carcinoma of the true vocal cord were treated primarily with radiation. Total dose ranged from 4700 to 7600 rad and was delivered at any one of four different beam energies. We present 5 and 10 year no evidence of disease (NED) rates as well as survival data for patients having primary tumor recurrence. Comparison of treatment results is made as a function of total dose, time-dose fractionation factor, beam quality and stage of disease.
  • Early squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis may be effectively treated with surgery or radiation therapy. Controversy exists as to whether radiation therapy effects survival at the expense of vocal function by ultimately requiring more total laryngectomies for salvage of local tumor recurrence. This study reviewed the medical records of 185 patients with T1 or T2, NO invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis treated with primary radiation therapy between 1969 and 1984. All patients were followed up for a minimum of 5 years after completion of therapy. One hundred sixty-one patients met the criteria for local control analysis. Radiationmore » therapy controlled disease in 93% (105 of 113) of patients with T1 lesions and 73% (38 of 48) of those with T2 tumors. Ultimate control of disease for T1 and T2 lesions, including surgical salvage, was 111 (98%) of 113 and 44 (92%) of 48 patients, respectively. The rate of successful surgical salvage was 75% (T1) and 70% (T2). The T2 lesions with impaired vocal cord mobility or anterior commissure disease were identified as being at increased risk for recurrence after primary radiation therapy. Overall voice preservation was 90%. Our data demonstrate that radiation therapy effects disease-free survival rates that are comparable to those produced by surgery, without sacrificing voice. Although a small percentage of patients with selected early glottic lesions may be more effectively treated with primary conservation surgery, these data do not support a change in philosophy concerning primary treatment of early glottic cancer with radiation therapy.« less
  • Purpose: To investigate in a prospective randomized study the effect of radiation fraction size and overall treatment time on the local control of early glottic carcinoma. Methods and Materials: Between December 1993 and December 2001, 180 patients with early glottic carcinoma (T1N0M0) were treated at our department. The patients were randomly allocated to either treatment arm A (radiation fraction size 2 Gy, n = 89) or B (2.25 Gy, n 91). The total radiation dose administered was 60 Gy in 30 fraction within 6 weeks for minimal tumors (two-thirds of the vocal cord or less) or 66 Gy in 33more » fractions in 6.6 weeks for larger than minimal tumors (more than two-thirds of the vocal cord) in Arm A and 56.25 Gy in 25 fractions within 5 weeks for minimal tumor or 63 Gy in 28 fractions within 5.6 weeks for larger than minimal tumors in Arm B. Results: The 5-year local control rate was 77% for Arm A and 92% for Arm B (p = 0.004). The corresponding 5-year cause-specific survival rates were 97% and 100% (no significant difference). No significant differences were found between these two arms in terms of rates of acute mucosal reaction, skin reactions, or chronic adverse reactions. Conclusion: Use of 2.25-Gy fractions with a shorter overall treatment time for Arm B showed superior local control compared with conventional use of 2-Gy fractions for Arm A without adverse reactions from the greater fraction.« less
  • Purpose: To examine the prognostic value of three endogenous hypoxia markers (hypoxia inducible factor 1 {alpha} subunit [HIF1{alpha}], carbonic anhydrase IX [CA-IX], and glucose transporter type 1 [GLUT-1]) on the clinical outcome in patients with early-stage glottic carcinoma primarily treated with radiotherapy (RT) and to determine the predictive hypoxic profile to choose the optimal treatment of early-stage laryngeal carcinoma. Methods and Materials: Immunohistochemistry for HIF1{alpha}, CA-IX, and GLUT-1 was performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, pretreatment tissue samples of 91 glottic squamous cell carcinoma specimens. The patient group consisted only of those with early-stage (T1-T2) glottic carcinoma, and all patients were treatedmore » with RT only. Relative tumor staining was scored on the tissue samples. Receiver operating curve analysis was performed to determine the optimal cutoff value for each tumor marker. Cox regression analyses for the variables HIF1{alpha}, CA-IX, GLUT-1, gender, age, hemoglobin level, T category, N category, tobacco use, and alcohol use were performed with local control and overall survival as endpoints. Results: HIF1{alpha} overexpression in early-stage glottic carcinoma correlated significantly with worse local control (hazard ratio [HR], 3.05; p = 0.021) and overall survival (HR, 2.92; p = 0.016). CA-IX overexpression correlated significantly with worse local control (HR, 2.93; p = 0.020). GLUT-1 overexpression did not show any correlation with the clinical outcome parameters. Tumors with a nonhypoxic profile (defined as low HIF1{alpha} and low CA-IX expression) had significantly better local control (HR, 6.32; p 0.013). Conclusion: The results of our study have shown that early-stage glottic laryngeal carcinomas with low HIF1{alpha} and CA-IX expression are highly curable with RT. For this group, RT is a good treatment option. For tumors with HIF1{alpha} or CA-IX overexpression, hypoxic modification before RT or primary surgical treatment should be considered.« less
  • Purpose: To report the treatment outcomes of definitive radiotherapy (RT) for early-stage squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA) of the glottic larynx. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 585 patients with T1N0 to T2N0 invasive SCCA of the glottic larynx treated between 1964 and 2006 with RT alone. All patients had at least 2 years of follow-up, had histologic diagnosis of invasive SCCA, and received continuous-course RT. None of these patients received chemotherapy or had elective nodal RT. The probabilities of local control (LC), ultimate LC, ultimate LC with larynx preservation, neck control, cause-specific survival (CSS), and overallmore » survival (OS) were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier product-limit method. Results: The median follow-up for survivors was 12 years. Five-year LC rates were as follows: T1A, 94%; T1B, 93%; T2A, 80%; and T2B, 70%. Multivariate analysis revealed that overall treatment time greater than 41 days (p = 0.001) and poorly differentiated histology (p = 0.016) adversely affected LC. Five-year rates of ultimate LC with laryngeal preservation were: T1A, 95%; T1B, 94%, T2A, 81%; and T2B, 74%. Twenty-four (4%) of 585 patients failed in the neck; only 7 neck failures (1%) were isolated. Five-year CSS and OS rates were as follows: T1A, 97% and 82%; T1B, 99% and 83%; T2A, 94% and 76%; and T2B, 90% and 78%, respectively. Ten (1.7%) patients had severe and/or fatal complications. One patient died of a radiation-induced carotid artery angiosarcoma. Conclusion: Based on our study results, RT cures a high proportion of patients with T1N0 to T2N0 glottic SCCAs and has a low rate of severe complications.« less