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Title: Are nuclear ships environmentally safer than conventionally powered ships

Abstract

An epidemiologic analysis was conducted to determine if risk of hospitalization varied by age, ship type, or occupation between nuclear and conventional powered ship crews in the U.S. Navy. Study cohorts consisted of all male enlisted personnel who served exclusively aboard conventional or nuclear powered aircraft carriers and cruisers during the years 1975-1979; cases were those men hospitalized during this period (N = 48,242). Conventional ship personnel showed significantly elevated rates of injury and disease when compared to nuclear ship personnel. The largest relative risks by age occurred for conventional ship crewmen less than 30 years old. Seaman, logistics (supply), and healthcare personnel serving aboard conventional ships comprised the occupational groups exhibiting the highest hospitalization rate differentials. The results strongly suggest that nuclear ships provide a healthier, safer working and living environment than conventional ships.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Washington School of Medicine (US)
OSTI Identifier:
7161235
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 7161235
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Environ. Health; (United States); Journal Volume: 50:5
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; MEN; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; NUCLEAR SHIPS; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; RISK ASSESSMENT; WORKING CONDITIONS; RADIOISOTOPES; RADIATION HAZARDS; AGE GROUPS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; PERSONNEL; SURVEYS; ANIMALS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; HAZARDS; HEALTH HAZARDS; ISOTOPES; MALES; MAMMALS; MAN; PRIMATES; RADIATION EFFECTS; SHIPS; VERTEBRATES 560160* -- Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology; 290600 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Nuclear Energy; 290300 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety

Citation Formats

Bone, C.A., Molgaard, C.A., Helmkamp, J.C., and Golbeck, A.L. Are nuclear ships environmentally safer than conventionally powered ships. United States: N. p., 1988. Web.
Bone, C.A., Molgaard, C.A., Helmkamp, J.C., & Golbeck, A.L. Are nuclear ships environmentally safer than conventionally powered ships. United States.
Bone, C.A., Molgaard, C.A., Helmkamp, J.C., and Golbeck, A.L. Tue . "Are nuclear ships environmentally safer than conventionally powered ships". United States.
@article{osti_7161235,
title = {Are nuclear ships environmentally safer than conventionally powered ships},
author = {Bone, C.A. and Molgaard, C.A. and Helmkamp, J.C. and Golbeck, A.L.},
abstractNote = {An epidemiologic analysis was conducted to determine if risk of hospitalization varied by age, ship type, or occupation between nuclear and conventional powered ship crews in the U.S. Navy. Study cohorts consisted of all male enlisted personnel who served exclusively aboard conventional or nuclear powered aircraft carriers and cruisers during the years 1975-1979; cases were those men hospitalized during this period (N = 48,242). Conventional ship personnel showed significantly elevated rates of injury and disease when compared to nuclear ship personnel. The largest relative risks by age occurred for conventional ship crewmen less than 30 years old. Seaman, logistics (supply), and healthcare personnel serving aboard conventional ships comprised the occupational groups exhibiting the highest hospitalization rate differentials. The results strongly suggest that nuclear ships provide a healthier, safer working and living environment than conventional ships.},
doi = {},
journal = {J. Environ. Health; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 50:5,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 1988},
month = {Tue Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 1988}
}