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Title: New approach for evaluating biological toxicity at aquatic hazardous-waste sites. Professional paper

Abstract

The impact of hazardous wastes on aquatic systems is an important consideration in the Navy's Installation Restoration Program. A majority of the Navy's assets are located in coastal and estuarine areas which are complex, dynamic ecosystems, important both economically and ecologically. The purpose of this paper is to survey methods available to assess the toxicity of hazardous wastes on aquatic ecosystems, identify the most practical methods for use in determining the potential impact of hazardous waste sites and the selection of remedial alternatives. Current techniques for measuring toxicity using bacteria, phytoplankton, crustaceans, molluscs, and other organisms are reviewed. These methods can be used in developing the information required by the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) during the Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (RI/FS) process. There is a need to develop new and innovative bioassays for assessing toxicity. Once these tests and their results are compared, it may be practical to use only a few species for routine monitoring.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Naval Ocean Systems Center, San Diego, CA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
7104409
Report Number(s):
AD-A-215648/7/XAB
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Pub. in Proceedings of the Symposium on coastal and Ocean Management/ASCE (6th), 422-436(11-14 Jul 1989)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; CONTAMINATION; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; TOXICITY; BACTERIA; BIOASSAY; COASTAL REGIONS; CRUSTACEANS; ESTUARIES; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; MOLLUSCS; MONITORING; PHYTOPLANKTON; SUPERFUND; SURVEYS; WASTES; WATER POLLUTION; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; ARTHROPODS; ECOSYSTEMS; INVERTEBRATES; LAWS; MATERIALS; MICROORGANISMS; PLANKTON; POLLUTION; POLLUTION LAWS; SURFACE WATERS 560300* -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology; 290300 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety

Citation Formats

Johnston, R.K., and Lapota, D. New approach for evaluating biological toxicity at aquatic hazardous-waste sites. Professional paper. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Johnston, R.K., & Lapota, D. New approach for evaluating biological toxicity at aquatic hazardous-waste sites. Professional paper. United States.
Johnston, R.K., and Lapota, D. 1989. "New approach for evaluating biological toxicity at aquatic hazardous-waste sites. Professional paper". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_7104409,
title = {New approach for evaluating biological toxicity at aquatic hazardous-waste sites. Professional paper},
author = {Johnston, R.K. and Lapota, D.},
abstractNote = {The impact of hazardous wastes on aquatic systems is an important consideration in the Navy's Installation Restoration Program. A majority of the Navy's assets are located in coastal and estuarine areas which are complex, dynamic ecosystems, important both economically and ecologically. The purpose of this paper is to survey methods available to assess the toxicity of hazardous wastes on aquatic ecosystems, identify the most practical methods for use in determining the potential impact of hazardous waste sites and the selection of remedial alternatives. Current techniques for measuring toxicity using bacteria, phytoplankton, crustaceans, molluscs, and other organisms are reviewed. These methods can be used in developing the information required by the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) during the Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (RI/FS) process. There is a need to develop new and innovative bioassays for assessing toxicity. Once these tests and their results are compared, it may be practical to use only a few species for routine monitoring.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1989,
month = 8
}

Technical Report:
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  • The purpose of this review is to provide updated acute and chronic aquatic toxicity data for 36 of the chemicals and metals most commonly found in ground and surface water at hazardous waste disposal sites around the United States. The aquatic toxicity data includes the bioconcentration factor, the effective concentration causing a specified response in 50% of the study population (EC/sub 50/), the concentration causing mortality in 50% of a given population (LC/sub 50/), and the concentration causing an effect in any fraction (often unspecified) of a study population (EFC).
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