skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Alternative forms of energy transmission from OTEC plants. [Chemical and electrical]

Abstract

The transmission of OTEC-derived chemical and electrical energy is compared. The chemical energy-carriers considered are the following: gaseous and liquid hydrogen, liquid ammonia, methanol, gasoline, hydrazine hydrate, anhydrous hydrazine, unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH), 1,7-Octadiyne, and tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene. The assessment assumes that each of the above energy carriers were transported by barge and/or pipeline. The delivered costs were then compared with transmission of electricity by submarine cables. Because chemical and electrical energy are not equivalent, however, their comparison can only be done after the outputs are converted to a common form. Thus, in addition to presenting the delivered cost and overall energy efficiency of the chemical energy-carriers, we have provided a discussion of the equipment, costs, and efficiencies of converting the hydrogen and ammonia delivered into electricity, and the electricity delivered into hydrogen and ammonia. A concise technical assessment and economic analysis of components associated with the conversion, storage, transportation, and shore-based receiving facilities for the conversion of OTEC mechanical energy to chemical energy is provided and compared to the conversion and transmission of electrical power. Results concerning the hydrogen and ammonia analysis were determined as part of the OTEC program at IGT from May 1975 through May 1976 under Contract No. NSF-C1008more » (AER-75-00033) with the National Science Foundation and ERDA. Information concerning carbonaceous fuels and high-energy fuels production was developed as part of the current IGT OTEC program under Contract No. E(49-18)-2426 with ERDA.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), Solar Energy
OSTI Identifier:
7101398
Report Number(s):
CONF-770331-5
DOE Contract Number:  
EX-76-C-01-2426
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 4. ocean thermal energy conversion conference, New Orleans, LA, USA, 22 Mar 1977
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 08 HYDROGEN; ENERGY TRANSPORT; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; OCEAN THERMAL POWER PLANTS; ALKYNES; AMMONIA; COST; DIENES; ECONOMICS; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRIC POWER; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; GASOLINE; HYDRAZINE; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; HYDROGEN STORAGE; METHANOL; POWER TRANSMISSION LINES; ALCOHOLS; CRYOGENIC FLUIDS; ELEMENTS; FLUIDS; FUELS; HYDRIDES; HYDROCARBONS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN HYDRIDES; NONMETALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; POLYENES; POWER; POWER PLANTS; SOLAR POWER PLANTS; STORAGE; 140800* - Solar Energy- Ocean Energy Systems; 200300 - Electric Power Engineering- Power Transmission & Distribution- (-1989); 090000 - Biomass Fuels; 080000 - Hydrogen

Citation Formats

Konopka, A., Biederman, N., Talib, A., and Yudow, B. Alternative forms of energy transmission from OTEC plants. [Chemical and electrical]. United States: N. p., 1977. Web.
Konopka, A., Biederman, N., Talib, A., & Yudow, B. Alternative forms of energy transmission from OTEC plants. [Chemical and electrical]. United States.
Konopka, A., Biederman, N., Talib, A., and Yudow, B. Sat . "Alternative forms of energy transmission from OTEC plants. [Chemical and electrical]". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7101398.
@article{osti_7101398,
title = {Alternative forms of energy transmission from OTEC plants. [Chemical and electrical]},
author = {Konopka, A. and Biederman, N. and Talib, A. and Yudow, B.},
abstractNote = {The transmission of OTEC-derived chemical and electrical energy is compared. The chemical energy-carriers considered are the following: gaseous and liquid hydrogen, liquid ammonia, methanol, gasoline, hydrazine hydrate, anhydrous hydrazine, unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH), 1,7-Octadiyne, and tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene. The assessment assumes that each of the above energy carriers were transported by barge and/or pipeline. The delivered costs were then compared with transmission of electricity by submarine cables. Because chemical and electrical energy are not equivalent, however, their comparison can only be done after the outputs are converted to a common form. Thus, in addition to presenting the delivered cost and overall energy efficiency of the chemical energy-carriers, we have provided a discussion of the equipment, costs, and efficiencies of converting the hydrogen and ammonia delivered into electricity, and the electricity delivered into hydrogen and ammonia. A concise technical assessment and economic analysis of components associated with the conversion, storage, transportation, and shore-based receiving facilities for the conversion of OTEC mechanical energy to chemical energy is provided and compared to the conversion and transmission of electrical power. Results concerning the hydrogen and ammonia analysis were determined as part of the OTEC program at IGT from May 1975 through May 1976 under Contract No. NSF-C1008 (AER-75-00033) with the National Science Foundation and ERDA. Information concerning carbonaceous fuels and high-energy fuels production was developed as part of the current IGT OTEC program under Contract No. E(49-18)-2426 with ERDA.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1977},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share: