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Title: Electrochemical cell apparatus having an integrated reformer-mixer nozzle-mixer diffuser

Abstract

An electrochemical apparatus is made having a generator section containing electrochemical cells, a fresh gaseous feed fuel inlet, a gaseous feed oxidant inlet, and at least one hot gaseous spent fuel recirculation channel, where the spent fuel recirculation channel, passes from the generator chamber to combine with the fresh feed fuel inlet to form a reformable mixture, where a reforming chamber contains an outer portion containing reforming material, an inner portion preferably containing a mixer nozzle and a mixer-diffuser, and a middle portion for receiving spent fuel, where the mixer nozzle and mixer-diffuser are preferably both within the reforming chamber and substantially exterior to the main portion of the apparatus, where the reformable mixture flows up and then backward before contacting the reforming material, and the mixer nozzle can operate below 400 C. 1 figure.

Inventors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
7088192
Patent Number(s):
US 5047299; A
Application Number:
PPN: US 7-559111
Assignee:
Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
DOE Contract Number:  
AC21-80ET17089
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 25 Jul 1990
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; FUEL CELLS; DESIGN; OPERATION; CATALYTIC REFORMING; FUEL GAS; MIXING; OXIDATION; RECYCLING; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DIRECT ENERGY CONVERTERS; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; FLUIDS; FUELS; GAS FUELS; GASES; REFORMER PROCESSES; 300501* - Fuel Cells- Design & Development

Citation Formats

Shockling, L A. Electrochemical cell apparatus having an integrated reformer-mixer nozzle-mixer diffuser. United States: N. p., 1991. Web.
Shockling, L A. Electrochemical cell apparatus having an integrated reformer-mixer nozzle-mixer diffuser. United States.
Shockling, L A. Tue . "Electrochemical cell apparatus having an integrated reformer-mixer nozzle-mixer diffuser". United States.
@article{osti_7088192,
title = {Electrochemical cell apparatus having an integrated reformer-mixer nozzle-mixer diffuser},
author = {Shockling, L A},
abstractNote = {An electrochemical apparatus is made having a generator section containing electrochemical cells, a fresh gaseous feed fuel inlet, a gaseous feed oxidant inlet, and at least one hot gaseous spent fuel recirculation channel, where the spent fuel recirculation channel, passes from the generator chamber to combine with the fresh feed fuel inlet to form a reformable mixture, where a reforming chamber contains an outer portion containing reforming material, an inner portion preferably containing a mixer nozzle and a mixer-diffuser, and a middle portion for receiving spent fuel, where the mixer nozzle and mixer-diffuser are preferably both within the reforming chamber and substantially exterior to the main portion of the apparatus, where the reformable mixture flows up and then backward before contacting the reforming material, and the mixer nozzle can operate below 400 C. 1 figure.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1991},
month = {9}
}