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Title: Environmental consequences of atmospheric krypton-85

Abstract

This project examines the thesis that atmospheric background ionization is relevant to the understanding of weather. Projections of future world-wide use of nuclear energy imply that sufficient krypton-85 will be produced and may be released to significantly alter the natural ionization background. The scope of the project includes an assessment of krypton-85 on the electrical aspects of the atmosphere as well as the consequences of an altered electrical state of the atmosphere. The results of a first approximation model for the effects of krypton-85 on the atmosphere show that the electric field at the surface of the ocean would be reduced by about 25 percent and at a continental station by about 15 percent. At about two kilometers altitude, the electric field would be reduced by about 14 percent over the oceans and 16 percent over the land. The effects decrease quickly with increasing altitude. Analytical studies of the equations for fair weather atmospheric electricity yield solutions suitable for the interpretation of time dependent phenomena with periods longer than a few seconds. A brief analysis shows that a perfect assessment is not necessary to make an error-free decision regarding krypton-85 control measures. From the viewpoint of a decision-maker, those aspectsmore » that could swing the decision from one alternative to another are priority areas for analysis.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Niagara Univ., N.Y. (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
7076284
Report Number(s):
COO-4364-1
TRN: 78-010862
DOE Contract Number:  
EE-77-S-02-4364
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; KRYPTON 85; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; SURFACE AIR; ELECTRIC FIELDS; WEATHER; VARIATIONS; ALTITUDE; GASEOUS WASTES; METEOROLOGY; SEAS; AIR; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; EVEN-ODD NUCLEI; FLUIDS; GASES; HOURS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; ISOMERIC TRANSITION ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; KRYPTON ISOTOPES; MASS TRANSFER; NUCLEI; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPES; SURFACE WATERS; WASTES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 500300* - Environment, Atmospheric- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Boeck, W L. Environmental consequences of atmospheric krypton-85. United States: N. p., 1978. Web. doi:10.2172/7076284.
Boeck, W L. Environmental consequences of atmospheric krypton-85. United States. doi:10.2172/7076284.
Boeck, W L. Sun . "Environmental consequences of atmospheric krypton-85". United States. doi:10.2172/7076284. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7076284.
@article{osti_7076284,
title = {Environmental consequences of atmospheric krypton-85},
author = {Boeck, W L},
abstractNote = {This project examines the thesis that atmospheric background ionization is relevant to the understanding of weather. Projections of future world-wide use of nuclear energy imply that sufficient krypton-85 will be produced and may be released to significantly alter the natural ionization background. The scope of the project includes an assessment of krypton-85 on the electrical aspects of the atmosphere as well as the consequences of an altered electrical state of the atmosphere. The results of a first approximation model for the effects of krypton-85 on the atmosphere show that the electric field at the surface of the ocean would be reduced by about 25 percent and at a continental station by about 15 percent. At about two kilometers altitude, the electric field would be reduced by about 14 percent over the oceans and 16 percent over the land. The effects decrease quickly with increasing altitude. Analytical studies of the equations for fair weather atmospheric electricity yield solutions suitable for the interpretation of time dependent phenomena with periods longer than a few seconds. A brief analysis shows that a perfect assessment is not necessary to make an error-free decision regarding krypton-85 control measures. From the viewpoint of a decision-maker, those aspects that could swing the decision from one alternative to another are priority areas for analysis.},
doi = {10.2172/7076284},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1978},
month = {1}
}