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Title: SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: CBI Na-Con, Inc. Engineering Test Facility problem assessment and lessons learned

Abstract

A Solar Energy Water Desalination Engineering Test Facility has been undergoing operation and testing in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, as part of of the SOLERAS Program. The facility employs a field of point-focus, distributed receiver, solar thermal collectors operating at 388/degree/C (730/degree/F). Thermal energy is collected using a synthetic heat transfer fluid, stored in dual tank molten salt storage, and utilized on demand to generate steam, which provides both mechanical and thermal energy for refrigeration. The refrigeration drives a unique freeze desalination process in which ice is crystallized from concentrated seawater, pumped as a slurry of ice and brine, rinsed of brine in a countercurrent wash column, and melted to produce fresh water. The report presents an executive summary followed by an overview of the facility design and operation. The plant operation, from start-up in December, 1984 through mid-1986, is then briefly summarized. Key problem areas and areas of concern are identified and discussed; in addition to problems encountered, the discussion details problem causes, problem solutions, and in some cases problem avoidance which was accomplished through preventive measures employed during design and/or operation. The problems are grouped into areas corresponding to the facility's main subsystems: energy collection, energy storage, energy delivery,more » and desalination. 37 refs., 43 figs., 7 tabs.« less

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, MO (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
7067602
Report Number(s):
MRI/SOL-0415
ON: DE89003216
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-83CH10093
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; DESALINATION; SOLAR ENERGY; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; AGRICULTURE; COST; DESIGN; ELECTRIC POWER; FREEZING OUT; HEAT EXCHANGERS; HEAT TRANSFER; IRRIGATION; MAINTENANCE; PHOTOVOLTAIC CONVERSION; SAUDI ARABIA; SOLAR COLLECTORS; SOLAR COOLING SYSTEMS; SOLAR HEATING; SOLAR THERMAL CONVERSION; STEAM GENERATORS; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE EQUIPMENT; USA; ASIA; BOILERS; CONVERSION; DEMINERALIZATION; DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; ENERGY; ENERGY CONVERSION; ENERGY SOURCES; ENERGY TRANSFER; EQUIPMENT; HEATING; INDUSTRY; NORTH AMERICA; POWER; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION; SOLAR EQUIPMENT; VAPOR GENERATORS; 140900* - Solar Thermal Utilization; 141000 - Solar Collectors & Concentrators; 142000 - Solar Energy- Heat Storage- (1980-); 140501 - Solar Energy Conversion- Photovoltaic Conversion

Citation Formats

. SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: CBI Na-Con, Inc. Engineering Test Facility problem assessment and lessons learned. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
. SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: CBI Na-Con, Inc. Engineering Test Facility problem assessment and lessons learned. United States.
. Wed . "SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: CBI Na-Con, Inc. Engineering Test Facility problem assessment and lessons learned". United States.
@article{osti_7067602,
title = {SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: CBI Na-Con, Inc. Engineering Test Facility problem assessment and lessons learned},
author = {},
abstractNote = {A Solar Energy Water Desalination Engineering Test Facility has been undergoing operation and testing in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, as part of of the SOLERAS Program. The facility employs a field of point-focus, distributed receiver, solar thermal collectors operating at 388/degree/C (730/degree/F). Thermal energy is collected using a synthetic heat transfer fluid, stored in dual tank molten salt storage, and utilized on demand to generate steam, which provides both mechanical and thermal energy for refrigeration. The refrigeration drives a unique freeze desalination process in which ice is crystallized from concentrated seawater, pumped as a slurry of ice and brine, rinsed of brine in a countercurrent wash column, and melted to produce fresh water. The report presents an executive summary followed by an overview of the facility design and operation. The plant operation, from start-up in December, 1984 through mid-1986, is then briefly summarized. Key problem areas and areas of concern are identified and discussed; in addition to problems encountered, the discussion details problem causes, problem solutions, and in some cases problem avoidance which was accomplished through preventive measures employed during design and/or operation. The problems are grouped into areas corresponding to the facility's main subsystems: energy collection, energy storage, energy delivery, and desalination. 37 refs., 43 figs., 7 tabs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1987},
month = {4}
}

Technical Report:
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