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Title: Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic): American shad. [Alosa sapidissima]

Abstract

After a drastic decline in abundance, the American shad (Alosa sapidissima) is being restored in many of the rivers along the East Coast that originally supported large runs. The American shad is an anadromous fish that lives several years in the ocean and returns to its natal river to spawn in the spring when temperatures reach 12/sup 0/C. The eggs are carried by currents downstream from spawning sites in large rivers for 8 to 12 days until they hatch. The larvae, which metamorphose to the juvenile stage in 3 to 4 weeks, remain in the river until fall when they migrate to the sea. Shad move offshore and southward during winter at water temperatures of 3 to 15/sup 0/C. American shad feed on zooplankton. They adapt readily to fresh- or saltwater, but they prefer salinities exceeding 4 ppt.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Maine Univ., Orono (USA). Maine Cooperative Fishery Research Unit
OSTI Identifier:
7058400
Report Number(s):
TR-EL-82-4/82-11-59
ON: TI87900128
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ANADROMOUS FISHES; ECOLOGY; ATLANTIC OCEAN; COASTAL WATERS; FISHING INDUSTRY; HABITAT; MIGRATION; POPULATION DYNAMICS; REPRODUCTION; TAXONOMY; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; BIOLOGY; FISHES; INDUSTRY; SEAS; SURFACE WATERS; VERTEBRATES; 520100* - Environment, Aquatic- Basic Studies- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Weiss-Glanz, L S, Stanley, J G, and Moring, J R. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic): American shad. [Alosa sapidissima]. United States: N. p., 1986. Web.
Weiss-Glanz, L S, Stanley, J G, & Moring, J R. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic): American shad. [Alosa sapidissima]. United States.
Weiss-Glanz, L S, Stanley, J G, and Moring, J R. 1986. "Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic): American shad. [Alosa sapidissima]". United States.
@article{osti_7058400,
title = {Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic): American shad. [Alosa sapidissima]},
author = {Weiss-Glanz, L S and Stanley, J G and Moring, J R},
abstractNote = {After a drastic decline in abundance, the American shad (Alosa sapidissima) is being restored in many of the rivers along the East Coast that originally supported large runs. The American shad is an anadromous fish that lives several years in the ocean and returns to its natal river to spawn in the spring when temperatures reach 12/sup 0/C. The eggs are carried by currents downstream from spawning sites in large rivers for 8 to 12 days until they hatch. The larvae, which metamorphose to the juvenile stage in 3 to 4 weeks, remain in the river until fall when they migrate to the sea. Shad move offshore and southward during winter at water temperatures of 3 to 15/sup 0/C. American shad feed on zooplankton. They adapt readily to fresh- or saltwater, but they prefer salinities exceeding 4 ppt.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/7058400}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1986},
month = {7}
}

Technical Report:
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