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Title: Acid deposition in Maryland: Implications of the results of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program

Abstract

Acid deposition, commonly referred to as 'acid rain,' is a major global environmental concern. Acid deposition has reportedly resulted in damage to aquatic, terrestrial, and physical resources and has potentially adverse effects on human health. A component of the Maryland acid deposition program is the preparation of an annual report that summarizes yearly activities and costs of ongoing acid deposition research and monitoring programs.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Environmental Resources Management, Inc., Annapolis, MD (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
7034813
Report Number(s):
PB-92-235985/XAB
CNN: PR90-044-001
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Sponsored by Maryland Dept. of Natural Resources, Annapolis. Chesapeake Bay Research and Monitoring Div
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; ACID RAIN; DEPOSITION; MARYLAND; ACIDIFICATION; CHESAPEAKE BAY; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; FORESTS; MAPS; MONITORING; PUBLIC HEALTH; TROUT; US NAPAP; WATER POLLUTION; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; ATLANTIC OCEAN; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; BAYS; COASTAL WATERS; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; FISHES; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; NORTH AMERICA; POLLUTION; RAIN; SEAS; SURFACE WATERS; US ORGANIZATIONS; USA; VERTEBRATES 540120* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 540320 -- Environment, Aquatic-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 540220 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 010900 -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Environmental Aspects

Citation Formats

DeMuro, J., Bowmann, M., Ross, J., Blundell, C., and Price, R. Acid deposition in Maryland: Implications of the results of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program. United States: N. p., 1991. Web.
DeMuro, J., Bowmann, M., Ross, J., Blundell, C., & Price, R. Acid deposition in Maryland: Implications of the results of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program. United States.
DeMuro, J., Bowmann, M., Ross, J., Blundell, C., and Price, R. 1991. "Acid deposition in Maryland: Implications of the results of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_7034813,
title = {Acid deposition in Maryland: Implications of the results of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program},
author = {DeMuro, J. and Bowmann, M. and Ross, J. and Blundell, C. and Price, R.},
abstractNote = {Acid deposition, commonly referred to as 'acid rain,' is a major global environmental concern. Acid deposition has reportedly resulted in damage to aquatic, terrestrial, and physical resources and has potentially adverse effects on human health. A component of the Maryland acid deposition program is the preparation of an annual report that summarizes yearly activities and costs of ongoing acid deposition research and monitoring programs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1991,
month = 7
}

Technical Report:
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  • The draft document answers various questions about the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program. For instance: What is Acidic Deposition.
  • This volume on Effects of Acidic Deposition is the last in a four-volume set which comprises the NAPAP Interim Assessment. It contains five individual chapters covering (6) Agricultural Crops, (7) Forests, (8) Aquatic Systems, (9) Materials, and (10) Human Health and Visibility. Volume III, Atmospheric Processes and Deposition, has two chapters on (4) Atmospheric Processes, and (5) Acidic Deposition and Air Quality. Volume II, Emissions and Controls, contains three chapters on (1) Historical Emissions, (2) Emission Control Technologies, and (3) Future Emissions. Each of these chapters describes the National Program's research orientation and major conclusions within each of the tenmore » primary areas of substantive concern. In order to learn how these first-order conclusions relate to the issue of acidic deposition in an overall, or synoptic, sense, the reader is directed to Volume I, Executive Summary, where the conclusions from each of the ten subject chapters are distilled in a manner that will allow interested parties to quickly reference the status of a variety of factors that pertain to the scientific understanding of acidic deposition.« less
  • The twenty-seven State-of-Science and State-of-Technology (SOS/T) Reports, published in 1990 as the definitive scientific and technical synthesis of information obtained during the first decade of the U.S. national Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP), are summarized in the document. In most cases, these summaries were the final chapter of the complete SOS/T Report.
  • The paper describes the processes and data sources used to develop temporal, spatial, and species allocation factors for the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). NAPAP has charged its task group on Emissions and Controls with the development of inventories of acid-rain precursor emissions from anthropogenic sources. To support applications of the Eulerian Regional Acid Deposition Model (RADM), the 1980 NAPAP Annual Emissions Inventory was further resolved. Temporal allocation of annual emissions to hourly emissions estimates for a typical weekday, Saturday, and Sunday in each season; spatial allocation of county-level area source and minor point-source emissions to 63,000 20 xmore » 20 km grid cells; and species allocation of NOx to NO and NO/sub 2/, TSP to alkalinity classes, and VOC to 29 photochemical reactivity classes were performed.« less
  • The Acid Deposition Data Network (ADDNET) project compiles extant data into a central data base for use in acidic deposition assessments and analyses. The ADDNET Data Base supports the integrated assessments conducted by Task Group I of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). The ADDNET project includes a data coordination component, which deals with the expanding data needs of the program and with varied data sources, and a data base administration component, which creates the data base and distributes data to requesters. The ADDNET Notebook describes the contents and source of each data set. It also explains the conventions,more » processing, and quality assurance procedures used to create certified data sets. Examples of SAS programs for using the ADDNET Data Base are provided. The ADDNET Data Base uses the SAS computer software system for data storage, retrieval, analysis, and display. The data base is accessed by the ADDNET staff in both batch and interactive modes, using the ORNL IBM computer system; in addition, data sets can be transferred to other SAS systems. Data can also be exchanged as EBCDIC- or ASCII-formatted files. At the end of the second year of operation, the expanding ADDNET Data Base contained over 50 data sets, with over 900 variables, including deposition, emissions, air quality, water chemistry, forestry, aquatic resources, and other data required for the 1985 NAPAP Assessment.« less