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Title: Novel photocatalytic reactor for the destruction of airborne pollutants reaction kinetics and quantum yields

Abstract

Photocatalytic conversion of a model pollutant (toluene) is studied in a newly designed batch photoreactor, called Photo-CREC-Air. In this unit TiO{sub 2} is supported on a filter mesh with good contact with near UV light, TiO{sub 2}, and air. Photo-CREC-Air is designed with special features including a Venturi section and a heated perforated plate. The heated perforated plate minimizes water adsorption on the mesh and consequently water effects on the reaction rate. The system performance is examined for different toluene concentrations and two humidity levels. After assessing the insignificant toluene adsorption observed under the selected operating conditions, a pseudohomogeneous model is postulated for kinetics modeling. Initial photodegradation rates of toluene at 100 C in Photo-CREC-Air, in the range of model pollutant concentrations and humidity level studied, were 0.005--0.05 {mu}mol/(gcat s). Apparent quantum yields were estimated to be in many cases greater than 100% and as high as 450%.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Science Univ. of Western Ontario, London (Canada). Chemical Reactor Engineering Center
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
697159
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 38; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: PBD: Sep 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CHEMICAL REACTORS; DESIGN; PHOTOLYSIS; TOLUENE; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; TITANIUM OXIDES; PERFORMANCE; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; CHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS; QUANTUM EFFICIENCY

Citation Formats

Ibrahim, H., and Lasa, H. de. Novel photocatalytic reactor for the destruction of airborne pollutants reaction kinetics and quantum yields. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1021/ie980712m.
Ibrahim, H., & Lasa, H. de. Novel photocatalytic reactor for the destruction of airborne pollutants reaction kinetics and quantum yields. United States. doi:10.1021/ie980712m.
Ibrahim, H., and Lasa, H. de. Wed . "Novel photocatalytic reactor for the destruction of airborne pollutants reaction kinetics and quantum yields". United States. doi:10.1021/ie980712m.
@article{osti_697159,
title = {Novel photocatalytic reactor for the destruction of airborne pollutants reaction kinetics and quantum yields},
author = {Ibrahim, H. and Lasa, H. de},
abstractNote = {Photocatalytic conversion of a model pollutant (toluene) is studied in a newly designed batch photoreactor, called Photo-CREC-Air. In this unit TiO{sub 2} is supported on a filter mesh with good contact with near UV light, TiO{sub 2}, and air. Photo-CREC-Air is designed with special features including a Venturi section and a heated perforated plate. The heated perforated plate minimizes water adsorption on the mesh and consequently water effects on the reaction rate. The system performance is examined for different toluene concentrations and two humidity levels. After assessing the insignificant toluene adsorption observed under the selected operating conditions, a pseudohomogeneous model is postulated for kinetics modeling. Initial photodegradation rates of toluene at 100 C in Photo-CREC-Air, in the range of model pollutant concentrations and humidity level studied, were 0.005--0.05 {mu}mol/(gcat s). Apparent quantum yields were estimated to be in many cases greater than 100% and as high as 450%.},
doi = {10.1021/ie980712m},
journal = {Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research},
number = 9,
volume = 38,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}