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Title: Implementing the Montreal Protocol in China: Use of cleaner technology in two industrial sectors

Abstract

An analysis of the household refrigeration sector and the foams sector investigates how Chinese enterprises have adopted cleaner technologies involving substitutes for ozone depleting substances (ODSs), such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). The performance of the household refrigeration sector in reducing ODS consumption has been superior to that of the foams sector, even though required technology changes are relatively simple for the foams sector. There are two expansions for this outcome. First, market demand matters. The influence of the global market, multinational corporations, intense (and occasionally misleading) advertising about non-CFC products, and severe competition for consumers caused China`s principal refrigerator manufacturers to adopt non-CFC production technologies. Similar incentives did not exist for enterprises in the foams sector. Second, industrial structure matters. The foams sector includes a large number of small enterprises with limited financial and technical capability and weak access to information and technology, and these factors obstructed technological change. In general, assistance from the Multilateral fund established under the Montreal Protocol has motivated enterprises to shift to ODS reduction technologies, but complex and lengthy procedures for accessing the Multilateral Fund, difficulties in finding appropriate suppliers of non-CFC technologies, and insufficient financial an technical capabilities of many enterprises have slowed down thismore » shift. The results provide a foundation for making changes in international assistance programs and China`s strategies for CFC reduction.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
696785
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Impact Assessment Review
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 5-6; Other Information: PBD: Sep-Nov 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; CHINA; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; IMPLEMENTATION; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS

Citation Formats

Zhao, J., and Ortolano, L. Implementing the Montreal Protocol in China: Use of cleaner technology in two industrial sectors. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1016/S0195-9255(99)00025-6.
Zhao, J., & Ortolano, L. Implementing the Montreal Protocol in China: Use of cleaner technology in two industrial sectors. United States. doi:10.1016/S0195-9255(99)00025-6.
Zhao, J., and Ortolano, L. Wed . "Implementing the Montreal Protocol in China: Use of cleaner technology in two industrial sectors". United States. doi:10.1016/S0195-9255(99)00025-6.
@article{osti_696785,
title = {Implementing the Montreal Protocol in China: Use of cleaner technology in two industrial sectors},
author = {Zhao, J. and Ortolano, L.},
abstractNote = {An analysis of the household refrigeration sector and the foams sector investigates how Chinese enterprises have adopted cleaner technologies involving substitutes for ozone depleting substances (ODSs), such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). The performance of the household refrigeration sector in reducing ODS consumption has been superior to that of the foams sector, even though required technology changes are relatively simple for the foams sector. There are two expansions for this outcome. First, market demand matters. The influence of the global market, multinational corporations, intense (and occasionally misleading) advertising about non-CFC products, and severe competition for consumers caused China`s principal refrigerator manufacturers to adopt non-CFC production technologies. Similar incentives did not exist for enterprises in the foams sector. Second, industrial structure matters. The foams sector includes a large number of small enterprises with limited financial and technical capability and weak access to information and technology, and these factors obstructed technological change. In general, assistance from the Multilateral fund established under the Montreal Protocol has motivated enterprises to shift to ODS reduction technologies, but complex and lengthy procedures for accessing the Multilateral Fund, difficulties in finding appropriate suppliers of non-CFC technologies, and insufficient financial an technical capabilities of many enterprises have slowed down this shift. The results provide a foundation for making changes in international assistance programs and China`s strategies for CFC reduction.},
doi = {10.1016/S0195-9255(99)00025-6},
journal = {Environmental Impact Assessment Review},
number = 5-6,
volume = 19,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}