skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts

Abstract

A process is described for hydrocracking heavy polynuclear carbonaceous feedstocks to produce lighter hydrocarbon fuels by contacting the heavy feedstocks with hydrogen in the presence of a molten metal halide catalyst in a hydrocracking zone, thereafter separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide and thereafter regenerating the spent molten metal halide by incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combustion of carbon and sulfur compounds in the spent molten metal halide in an incineration zone, the improvement comprising: (a) contacting the heavy feedstocks and hydrogen in the presence of the molten metal halide in the hydrocracking zone at reaction conditions effective to convert from about 60 to about 90 weight percent of the feedstock to lighter hydrocarbon fuels; (b) separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide; (c) contacting the spent molten metal halide with oxygen in a liquid phase gasification zone at a temperature and pressure sufficient to vaporize from about 25 to about 75 weight percent of the spent metal halide, the oxygen being introduced in an amount sufficient to remove from about 60 to about 90 weight percentmore » of the carbon contained in the spent molten metal halide to produce a fuel gas and regenerated metal halide; and (d) incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combusting carbon and sulfur compounds contained therein. 1 fig.« less

Inventors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6964004
Patent Number(s):
US 4162963; A
Application Number:
PPN: US 5-926785
Assignee:
Continental Oil Co., Stamford, CT (United States); Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 21 Jul 1978
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; HYDROCRACKING; FUEL GAS; SYNTHESIS; HALIDES; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; LIQUID FUELS; CATALYSTS; MOLTEN SALTS; REGENERATION; SEPARATION PROCESSES; VISCOSITY; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CRACKING; DECOMPOSITION; FLUIDS; FUELS; GAS FUELS; GASES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; MATERIALS; PYROLYSIS; SALTS; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; 020400* - Petroleum- Processing

Citation Formats

Gorin, E. Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Gorin, E. Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts. United States.
Gorin, E. Tue . "Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts". United States.
@article{osti_6964004,
title = {Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts},
author = {Gorin, E},
abstractNote = {A process is described for hydrocracking heavy polynuclear carbonaceous feedstocks to produce lighter hydrocarbon fuels by contacting the heavy feedstocks with hydrogen in the presence of a molten metal halide catalyst in a hydrocracking zone, thereafter separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide and thereafter regenerating the spent molten metal halide by incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combustion of carbon and sulfur compounds in the spent molten metal halide in an incineration zone, the improvement comprising: (a) contacting the heavy feedstocks and hydrogen in the presence of the molten metal halide in the hydrocracking zone at reaction conditions effective to convert from about 60 to about 90 weight percent of the feedstock to lighter hydrocarbon fuels; (b) separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide; (c) contacting the spent molten metal halide with oxygen in a liquid phase gasification zone at a temperature and pressure sufficient to vaporize from about 25 to about 75 weight percent of the spent metal halide, the oxygen being introduced in an amount sufficient to remove from about 60 to about 90 weight percent of the carbon contained in the spent molten metal halide to produce a fuel gas and regenerated metal halide; and (d) incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combusting carbon and sulfur compounds contained therein. 1 fig.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {7}
}