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Title: Organ doses from radionuclides on the ground. Part I. Simple time dependences

Abstract

Organ dose equivalents of mathematical, anthropomorphical phantoms ADAM and EVA for photon exposures from plane sources on the ground have been calculated by Monte Carlo photon transport codes and tabulated in this article. The calculation takes into account the air-ground interface and a typical surface roughness, the energy and angular dependence of the photon fluence impinging on the phantom and the time dependence of the contributions from daughter nuclides. Results are up to 35% higher than data reported in the literature for important radionuclides. This manuscript deals with radionuclides, for which the time dependence of dose equivalent rates and dose equivalents may be approximated by a simple exponential. A companion manuscript treats radionuclides with non-trivial time dependences.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Institut fuer Strahlenschutz, Gesellschaft fuer Strahlen- und Umweltforschung, Neuherberg (Germany, F.R.)
OSTI Identifier:
6950983
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Phys.; (United States); Journal Volume: 54:6
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; ORGANS; DOSE EQUIVALENTS; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; MONTE CARLO METHOD; PHANTOMS; PHOTONS; RADIOISOTOPES; SOILS; TIME DEPENDENCE; BODY; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; ISOTOPES; MASS TRANSFER; MASSLESS PARTICLES; MOCKUP; STRUCTURAL MODELS; 655003* - Medical Physics- Dosimetry

Citation Formats

Jacob, P., Paretzke, H.G., Rosenbaum, H., and Zankl, M. Organ doses from radionuclides on the ground. Part I. Simple time dependences. United States: N. p., 1988. Web. doi:10.1097/00004032-198806000-00003.
Jacob, P., Paretzke, H.G., Rosenbaum, H., & Zankl, M. Organ doses from radionuclides on the ground. Part I. Simple time dependences. United States. doi:10.1097/00004032-198806000-00003.
Jacob, P., Paretzke, H.G., Rosenbaum, H., and Zankl, M. Wed . "Organ doses from radionuclides on the ground. Part I. Simple time dependences". United States. doi:10.1097/00004032-198806000-00003.
@article{osti_6950983,
title = {Organ doses from radionuclides on the ground. Part I. Simple time dependences},
author = {Jacob, P. and Paretzke, H.G. and Rosenbaum, H. and Zankl, M.},
abstractNote = {Organ dose equivalents of mathematical, anthropomorphical phantoms ADAM and EVA for photon exposures from plane sources on the ground have been calculated by Monte Carlo photon transport codes and tabulated in this article. The calculation takes into account the air-ground interface and a typical surface roughness, the energy and angular dependence of the photon fluence impinging on the phantom and the time dependence of the contributions from daughter nuclides. Results are up to 35% higher than data reported in the literature for important radionuclides. This manuscript deals with radionuclides, for which the time dependence of dose equivalent rates and dose equivalents may be approximated by a simple exponential. A companion manuscript treats radionuclides with non-trivial time dependences.},
doi = {10.1097/00004032-198806000-00003},
journal = {Health Phys.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 54:6,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1988},
month = {Wed Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1988}
}