skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report

Abstract

On March 10, 1980, the Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program began leaching the Bryan Mound salt dome and discharging the resulting brine into the coastal waters off Freeport, Texas. During the months of March and April, a team of scientists and engineers from Texas A and M University conducted an intensive environmental study of the area surrounding the diffuser site. A pipeline has been laid from the Bryan Mound site to a location 12.5 statute miles (20 km) offshore. The last 3060 ft (933 m) of this pipeline is a 52-port diffuser through which brine can be discharged at a maximum rate of 680,000 barrels per day. Initially, 16 ports were open which permitted a maximum discharge rate of 350,000 barrels per day and a continuous brine discharge was achieved on March 13, 1980. The purpose of this report is to describe the findings of the project team during the intensive postdisposal study period of March and April, 1980. The major areas of investigation are physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and data management.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Texas A and M Univ., College Station (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Policy and International Affairs (PO)
OSTI Identifier:
6894082
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6894082
Report Number(s):
DOE/PO/10114-2
DOE Contract Number:
FC96-79P010114
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; BRINES; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; MARINE DISPOSAL; COMPUTER CODES; B CODES; OCEANOGRAPHY; STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE; WASTE DISPOSAL; BENTHOS; COASTAL WATERS; CRUSTACEANS; DATA ACQUISITION; DATA BASE MANAGEMENT; FISHES; LEACHING; PHYTOPLANKTON; PIPELINES; SALT DEPOSITS; SEDIMENTS; SPECIES DIVERSITY; TEXAS; WATER QUALITY; ZOOPLANKTON; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; ARTHROPODS; DISSOLUTION; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; GEOLOGIC DEPOSITS; INVERTEBRATES; MANAGEMENT; NORTH AMERICA; PLANKTON; RESERVES; RESOURCES; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOUTHWEST REGION; SURFACE WATERS; USA; VERTEBRATES; WASTE MANAGEMENT 024000* -- Petroleum-- Storage-- (-1989); 020900 -- Petroleum-- Environmental Aspects

Citation Formats

Case, Robert J., Chittenden, Jr, Mark E., Harper, Jr, Donald E., Kelly, Jr, Francis J., Loeblich, Laurel A., McKinney, Larry D., Minello, Thomas J., Park, E. Taisoo, Randall, Robert E., and Slowey, J. Frank. Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report. United States: N. p., 1981. Web. doi:10.2172/6894082.
Case, Robert J., Chittenden, Jr, Mark E., Harper, Jr, Donald E., Kelly, Jr, Francis J., Loeblich, Laurel A., McKinney, Larry D., Minello, Thomas J., Park, E. Taisoo, Randall, Robert E., & Slowey, J. Frank. Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report. United States. doi:10.2172/6894082.
Case, Robert J., Chittenden, Jr, Mark E., Harper, Jr, Donald E., Kelly, Jr, Francis J., Loeblich, Laurel A., McKinney, Larry D., Minello, Thomas J., Park, E. Taisoo, Randall, Robert E., and Slowey, J. Frank. Thu . "Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report". United States. doi:10.2172/6894082. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6894082.
@article{osti_6894082,
title = {Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report},
author = {Case, Robert J. and Chittenden, Jr, Mark E. and Harper, Jr, Donald E. and Kelly, Jr, Francis J. and Loeblich, Laurel A. and McKinney, Larry D. and Minello, Thomas J. and Park, E. Taisoo and Randall, Robert E. and Slowey, J. Frank},
abstractNote = {On March 10, 1980, the Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program began leaching the Bryan Mound salt dome and discharging the resulting brine into the coastal waters off Freeport, Texas. During the months of March and April, a team of scientists and engineers from Texas A and M University conducted an intensive environmental study of the area surrounding the diffuser site. A pipeline has been laid from the Bryan Mound site to a location 12.5 statute miles (20 km) offshore. The last 3060 ft (933 m) of this pipeline is a 52-port diffuser through which brine can be discharged at a maximum rate of 680,000 barrels per day. Initially, 16 ports were open which permitted a maximum discharge rate of 350,000 barrels per day and a continuous brine discharge was achieved on March 13, 1980. The purpose of this report is to describe the findings of the project team during the intensive postdisposal study period of March and April, 1980. The major areas of investigation are physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and data management.},
doi = {10.2172/6894082},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1981},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1981}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • This report describes nekton communities off Freeport, Texas prior to brine disposal based on trawl studies in the period October 1977 to February 1980. Trawling was conducted aboard chartered commercial shrimp trawlers along a transect in depths of 3 to 25 fathoms to describe the general background of nekton communities off Freeport. An array of stations were occupied at the diffuser site in 12 fathoms of water to describe in detail nekton communities near the diffuser. Collections at each station, in general, were made once a month during the day and once a month at night, cruises being about twomore » weeks apart in time. Projected diffuser locations, stations occupied, etc., changed during the course of the project, and the Materials and Methods (Section 4.2) should be consulted for details.« less
  • The purpose of this report is to describe the environmental conditions found by the principal investigators during the predisposal study conducted from September 1977 through February 1980 prior to the start of brine discharge in March 1980. The major areas of investigation are physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and data management. Volume 1 describes the results of the predisposal study, and it is divided into eight chapters entitled: Physical Oceanography, Analysis of the Discharge Plume, Water and Sediment Quality, Nekton, Benthos, Zooplankton, Phytoplankton, and Data Management. Volume 2 consists ofmore » appendices which contain additional supporting data in the form of figures and tables.« less
  • The purpose of this report is to describe the environmental conditions found by the principal investigators during the predisposal study conducted from September 1977 through February 1980 prior to the start of brine discharge in March 1980. The major areas of investigation are physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and data management. Volume 1 describes the results of the predisposal study, and it is divided into eight chapters entitled: Physical Oceanography, Analsyis of the Discharge Plume, Water and Sediment Quality, Nekton, Benthos, Zooplankton, Phytoplankton, and Data Management. Volume 2 consists ofmore » appendices which contain additional supporting data in the form of figures and tables.« less
  • The Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program began leaching the Bryan Mound salt dome and discharging brine into the coastal waters of Freeport, Texas on March 10, 1980. This report describes the findings of a team of Texas A and M University scientists and engineers who have conducted an eighteen-month environmental study to evaluate the effects of the Bryan Mound brine discharge. The study addresses the areas of physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and data management.
  • The Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program began leaching the Bryan Mound salt dome and discharging brine into the coastal waters of Freeport, Texas on March 10, 1980. This report describes the findings of a team of Texas A and M University scientists and engineers who have conducted an eighteen-month environmental study to evaluate the effects of the Bryan Mound brine discharge. The study addresses the areas of physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and data management.