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Title: Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report

Abstract

On March 10, 1980, the Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program began leaching the Bryan Mound salt dome and discharging the resulting brine into the coastal waters off Freeport, Texas. During the months of March and April, a team of scientists and engineers from Texas A and M University conducted an intensive environmental study of the area surrounding the diffuser site. A pipeline has been laid from the Bryan Mound site to a location 12.5 statute miles (20 km) offshore. The last 3060 ft (933 m) of this pipeline is a 52-port diffuser through which brine can be discharged at a maximum rate of 680,000 barrels per day. Initially, 16 ports were open which permitted a maximum discharge rate of 350,000 barrels per day and a continuous brine discharge was achieved on March 13, 1980. The purpose of this report is to describe the findings of the project team during the intensive postdisposal study period of March and April, 1980. The major areas of investigation are physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and data management.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Texas A and M Univ., College Station (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Policy and International Affairs (PO)
OSTI Identifier:
6894082
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6894082
Report Number(s):
DOE/PO/10114-2
DOE Contract Number:  
FC96-79P010114
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; BRINES; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; MARINE DISPOSAL; COMPUTER CODES; B CODES; OCEANOGRAPHY; STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE; WASTE DISPOSAL; BENTHOS; COASTAL WATERS; CRUSTACEANS; DATA ACQUISITION; DATA BASE MANAGEMENT; FISHES; LEACHING; PHYTOPLANKTON; PIPELINES; SALT DEPOSITS; SEDIMENTS; SPECIES DIVERSITY; TEXAS; WATER QUALITY; ZOOPLANKTON; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; ARTHROPODS; DISSOLUTION; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; GEOLOGIC DEPOSITS; INVERTEBRATES; MANAGEMENT; NORTH AMERICA; PLANKTON; RESERVES; RESOURCES; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOUTHWEST REGION; SURFACE WATERS; USA; VERTEBRATES; WASTE MANAGEMENT 024000* -- Petroleum-- Storage-- (-1989); 020900 -- Petroleum-- Environmental Aspects

Citation Formats

Case, Robert J., Chittenden, Jr, Mark E., Harper, Jr, Donald E., Kelly, Jr, Francis J., Loeblich, Laurel A., McKinney, Larry D., Minello, Thomas J., Park, E. Taisoo, Randall, Robert E., and Slowey, J. Frank. Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report. United States: N. p., 1981. Web. doi:10.2172/6894082.
Case, Robert J., Chittenden, Jr, Mark E., Harper, Jr, Donald E., Kelly, Jr, Francis J., Loeblich, Laurel A., McKinney, Larry D., Minello, Thomas J., Park, E. Taisoo, Randall, Robert E., & Slowey, J. Frank. Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report. United States. doi:10.2172/6894082.
Case, Robert J., Chittenden, Jr, Mark E., Harper, Jr, Donald E., Kelly, Jr, Francis J., Loeblich, Laurel A., McKinney, Larry D., Minello, Thomas J., Park, E. Taisoo, Randall, Robert E., and Slowey, J. Frank. Thu . "Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report". United States. doi:10.2172/6894082. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6894082.
@article{osti_6894082,
title = {Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report},
author = {Case, Robert J. and Chittenden, Jr, Mark E. and Harper, Jr, Donald E. and Kelly, Jr, Francis J. and Loeblich, Laurel A. and McKinney, Larry D. and Minello, Thomas J. and Park, E. Taisoo and Randall, Robert E. and Slowey, J. Frank},
abstractNote = {On March 10, 1980, the Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program began leaching the Bryan Mound salt dome and discharging the resulting brine into the coastal waters off Freeport, Texas. During the months of March and April, a team of scientists and engineers from Texas A and M University conducted an intensive environmental study of the area surrounding the diffuser site. A pipeline has been laid from the Bryan Mound site to a location 12.5 statute miles (20 km) offshore. The last 3060 ft (933 m) of this pipeline is a 52-port diffuser through which brine can be discharged at a maximum rate of 680,000 barrels per day. Initially, 16 ports were open which permitted a maximum discharge rate of 350,000 barrels per day and a continuous brine discharge was achieved on March 13, 1980. The purpose of this report is to describe the findings of the project team during the intensive postdisposal study period of March and April, 1980. The major areas of investigation are physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and data management.},
doi = {10.2172/6894082},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1981},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1981}
}

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