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Title: Catalytic ramifications of steam deactivation of Y zeolites: An analysis using 2-methylhexane cracking

Abstract

Kinetic analysis of experimental data for 2-methylhexane cracking demonstrates that trends in activity and selectivity are well simulated by adjusting a single parameter that represents the acid strength of a Y-based FCC catalyst. This acid strength may be modified via steam deactivation, and the authors have experimentally corroborated acidity changes using ammonia microcalorimetry and infrared spectroscopy. Increased severity of steam treatment reduces the number and strength of catalyst acid sites, and it leads to a reduction in the turnover frequency of all surface processes and a decrease in overall site time yield. Streaming of the catalyst does not change the fundamental chemistry involved in catalytic cracking. However, change in acidity caused by steaming alters product selectivity by changing relative rates of various catalytic cycles in the cracking process. For example, steam treatment increases olefin selectivity by favoring catalytic cycles that produce olefins.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  2. Engelhard Corp., Iselin, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
687730
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-84ER13183
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 186; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: PBD: 15 Aug 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; ZEOLITES; DEACTIVATION; ALKANES; CATALYTIC CRACKING; STEAM; ALKENES; SYNTHESIS

Citation Formats

Yaluris, G., Dumesic, J.A., and Madon, R.J. Catalytic ramifications of steam deactivation of Y zeolites: An analysis using 2-methylhexane cracking. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1006/jcat.1999.2537.
Yaluris, G., Dumesic, J.A., & Madon, R.J. Catalytic ramifications of steam deactivation of Y zeolites: An analysis using 2-methylhexane cracking. United States. doi:10.1006/jcat.1999.2537.
Yaluris, G., Dumesic, J.A., and Madon, R.J. Sun . "Catalytic ramifications of steam deactivation of Y zeolites: An analysis using 2-methylhexane cracking". United States. doi:10.1006/jcat.1999.2537.
@article{osti_687730,
title = {Catalytic ramifications of steam deactivation of Y zeolites: An analysis using 2-methylhexane cracking},
author = {Yaluris, G. and Dumesic, J.A. and Madon, R.J.},
abstractNote = {Kinetic analysis of experimental data for 2-methylhexane cracking demonstrates that trends in activity and selectivity are well simulated by adjusting a single parameter that represents the acid strength of a Y-based FCC catalyst. This acid strength may be modified via steam deactivation, and the authors have experimentally corroborated acidity changes using ammonia microcalorimetry and infrared spectroscopy. Increased severity of steam treatment reduces the number and strength of catalyst acid sites, and it leads to a reduction in the turnover frequency of all surface processes and a decrease in overall site time yield. Streaming of the catalyst does not change the fundamental chemistry involved in catalytic cracking. However, change in acidity caused by steaming alters product selectivity by changing relative rates of various catalytic cycles in the cracking process. For example, steam treatment increases olefin selectivity by favoring catalytic cycles that produce olefins.},
doi = {10.1006/jcat.1999.2537},
journal = {Journal of Catalysis},
number = 1,
volume = 186,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {8}
}