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Title: Treating VOC-contaminated gases in activated sludge: Mechanistic model to evaluate design and performance

Abstract

A mechanistic model based on independently measurable mass transfer and biokinetic parameters was developed to describe the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) contained in air sparged into activated sludge (suspended growth) gas treatment reactor. The critical mass transfer parameters are the VOC mass transfer coefficient (Kla{sub VOC}), VOC Henry`s coefficient (H) and diffusion coefficient in water, gas flow rate per unit reactor area, and liquid depth. The Kla{sub VOC} is equal to the oxygen Kla (Kla{sub 02}) multiplied by the ratio of the VOC to oxygen diffusivity coefficients in water raised to the power n. Depending on the system power intensity, n ranges from 0.5 to 1.0; 1.0 provides a conservative design. Biokinetic parameters of importance include the Monod coefficients, biomass yield and endogenous decay coefficients, and solids retention time (SRT). The model accurately predicted BTEX removal from air diffused into a 2-L, 40-cm deep lab-scale reactor. Based on the model, a 2-m deep gas treatment reactor should provide > 80% gas treatment efficiency for VOCs with H < 0.35, when the reactor is operated at an SRT which maintains the VOC liquid concentration below 0.1 mg/L, with a Kla{sub 02} of 40 h{sup {minus}1} at an air applicationmore » rate of 55 m{sup 3}/m{sup 2}-h.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
687359
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 18; Other Information: PBD: 15 Sep 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; BENZENE; ALKYLATED AROMATICS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; DESIGN; PERFORMANCE TESTING; ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; MASS TRANSFER

Citation Formats

Bielefeldt, A.R., and Stensel, H.D. Treating VOC-contaminated gases in activated sludge: Mechanistic model to evaluate design and performance. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1021/es990169g.
Bielefeldt, A.R., & Stensel, H.D. Treating VOC-contaminated gases in activated sludge: Mechanistic model to evaluate design and performance. United States. doi:10.1021/es990169g.
Bielefeldt, A.R., and Stensel, H.D. Wed . "Treating VOC-contaminated gases in activated sludge: Mechanistic model to evaluate design and performance". United States. doi:10.1021/es990169g.
@article{osti_687359,
title = {Treating VOC-contaminated gases in activated sludge: Mechanistic model to evaluate design and performance},
author = {Bielefeldt, A.R. and Stensel, H.D.},
abstractNote = {A mechanistic model based on independently measurable mass transfer and biokinetic parameters was developed to describe the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) contained in air sparged into activated sludge (suspended growth) gas treatment reactor. The critical mass transfer parameters are the VOC mass transfer coefficient (Kla{sub VOC}), VOC Henry`s coefficient (H) and diffusion coefficient in water, gas flow rate per unit reactor area, and liquid depth. The Kla{sub VOC} is equal to the oxygen Kla (Kla{sub 02}) multiplied by the ratio of the VOC to oxygen diffusivity coefficients in water raised to the power n. Depending on the system power intensity, n ranges from 0.5 to 1.0; 1.0 provides a conservative design. Biokinetic parameters of importance include the Monod coefficients, biomass yield and endogenous decay coefficients, and solids retention time (SRT). The model accurately predicted BTEX removal from air diffused into a 2-L, 40-cm deep lab-scale reactor. Based on the model, a 2-m deep gas treatment reactor should provide > 80% gas treatment efficiency for VOCs with H < 0.35, when the reactor is operated at an SRT which maintains the VOC liquid concentration below 0.1 mg/L, with a Kla{sub 02} of 40 h{sup {minus}1} at an air application rate of 55 m{sup 3}/m{sup 2}-h.},
doi = {10.1021/es990169g},
journal = {Environmental Science and Technology},
number = 18,
volume = 33,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}