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Title: Simultaneous energetic particle observations at geostationary orbit and in the upstream solar wind: Evidence for leakage during the magnetospheric compression event of November 1, 1984

Abstract

Energetic ion (Eapprox. >70 keV) and electron (Eapprox. >30 keV) observations are presented for three fortuitously positioned geostationary spacecraft during a strong magnetospheric compression event which brought the subsolar magnetopause inward of the synchronous orbit (r = 6.6 R/sub E/) on November 1, 1984. Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorers (AMPTE) Charge Composition Explorer (CCE) field and particle data show that the CCE spacecraft (at r = 8.8 R/sub E/) was in the upstream solar wind during the compression event and several upstream particle bursts were observed between 0650 and 0930 UT. Spacecraft 1984-037 near 2200 LT observed multiple, sharp energetic particle injection events indicative of substorm onsets occuring at approx.0650, 0720, and 0750 UT on November 1. Spacecraft 1981-025 near local noon observed some brief magnetopause encounters as early as 0635 UT, and after 0650 UT it remained near (and often outside) the magnetopause for most of the ensuing 3 hours. Observations of energetic particle fluxes and anisotropies near the noon magnetopause suggest that magnetospheric particles escaped into the dayside magnetosheath. Spacecraft 1982-019, however, was depleted, particularly at approx.90/sup 0/ pitch angles. This suggests that in their westward drift from local midnight the energetic ions failed to transit the outermore » dayside magnetosphere in the subsolar region but were instead lost to the magnetosheath, where their drift paths intercepted the postnoon magnetopause surface.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Now at Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland
OSTI Identifier:
6862311
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Geophys. Res.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93:A12
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; SOLAR WIND; CHARGED PARTICLES; EARTH MAGNETOSPHERE; MAGNETOPAUSE; SPACE VEHICLES; EARTH ATMOSPHERE; SOLAR ACTIVITY; VEHICLES; 640104* - Astrophysics & Cosmology- Solar Phenomena

Citation Formats

Baker, D N, Belian, R D, Fritz, T A, Higbie, P R, Zwickl, R D, Krimigis, S M, and Sibeck, D G. Simultaneous energetic particle observations at geostationary orbit and in the upstream solar wind: Evidence for leakage during the magnetospheric compression event of November 1, 1984. United States: N. p., 1988. Web. doi:10.1029/JA093iA12p14317.
Baker, D N, Belian, R D, Fritz, T A, Higbie, P R, Zwickl, R D, Krimigis, S M, & Sibeck, D G. Simultaneous energetic particle observations at geostationary orbit and in the upstream solar wind: Evidence for leakage during the magnetospheric compression event of November 1, 1984. United States. doi:10.1029/JA093iA12p14317.
Baker, D N, Belian, R D, Fritz, T A, Higbie, P R, Zwickl, R D, Krimigis, S M, and Sibeck, D G. Thu . "Simultaneous energetic particle observations at geostationary orbit and in the upstream solar wind: Evidence for leakage during the magnetospheric compression event of November 1, 1984". United States. doi:10.1029/JA093iA12p14317.
@article{osti_6862311,
title = {Simultaneous energetic particle observations at geostationary orbit and in the upstream solar wind: Evidence for leakage during the magnetospheric compression event of November 1, 1984},
author = {Baker, D N and Belian, R D and Fritz, T A and Higbie, P R and Zwickl, R D and Krimigis, S M and Sibeck, D G},
abstractNote = {Energetic ion (Eapprox. >70 keV) and electron (Eapprox. >30 keV) observations are presented for three fortuitously positioned geostationary spacecraft during a strong magnetospheric compression event which brought the subsolar magnetopause inward of the synchronous orbit (r = 6.6 R/sub E/) on November 1, 1984. Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorers (AMPTE) Charge Composition Explorer (CCE) field and particle data show that the CCE spacecraft (at r = 8.8 R/sub E/) was in the upstream solar wind during the compression event and several upstream particle bursts were observed between 0650 and 0930 UT. Spacecraft 1984-037 near 2200 LT observed multiple, sharp energetic particle injection events indicative of substorm onsets occuring at approx.0650, 0720, and 0750 UT on November 1. Spacecraft 1981-025 near local noon observed some brief magnetopause encounters as early as 0635 UT, and after 0650 UT it remained near (and often outside) the magnetopause for most of the ensuing 3 hours. Observations of energetic particle fluxes and anisotropies near the noon magnetopause suggest that magnetospheric particles escaped into the dayside magnetosheath. Spacecraft 1982-019, however, was depleted, particularly at approx.90/sup 0/ pitch angles. This suggests that in their westward drift from local midnight the energetic ions failed to transit the outer dayside magnetosphere in the subsolar region but were instead lost to the magnetosheath, where their drift paths intercepted the postnoon magnetopause surface.},
doi = {10.1029/JA093iA12p14317},
journal = {J. Geophys. Res.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 93:A12,
place = {United States},
year = {1988},
month = {12}
}