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Title: Late Quaternary high resolution sequence stratigraphy of an active rift, the Sperchios Basin, Greece: An analogue for subtle stratigraphic plays

Abstract

The Sperchios Basin is an active asymmetric graben, bounded to the south by a major border fault system with major fault segments typically 20-30 km long. The basin is dominated by a major axial fluvio-deltaic system which enters the partially enclosed Maliakos Gulf to the east. Lateral sourced depositional systems within the basin comprise hanging-wall and footwall-derived alluvial fans and a narrow coastal plain along the footwall scarp bordering the Maliakos Gulf. High resolution seismic data from the Maliakos Gulf reveals three late Quaternary progradational parasequences sourced from axial and lateral depositional systems, with a regional late-Pleistocene transgressive surface dated at circa. 10 ka BP within the Maliakos Gulf. Differential subsidence of the late Pleistocene transgressive surface indicates marked variation in subsidence from 2.4 m ka[sup -1] at fault segment centers to 0.8 m ka[sup -1] at segment boundaries. The geometry and internal variability of each parasequence is controlled by the interplay of the local accommodation development and fluctuations in sediment supply and climatic conditions. The Sperchios Rift provides a modem analogue for subtle stratigraphic plays within ancient extensional basins. The study of controls on sediment source and transport patterns within active rifts has refined our appreciation of the controlsmore » on potential reservoir distribution and geometries.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. (Total Oil Marine, Aberdeen (United Kingdom))
  2. (Univ. of Manchester, Manchester (United Kingdom))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6860174
Report Number(s):
CONF-960527--
Journal ID: ISSN 0149-1423; CODEN: AABUD2
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AAPG Bulletin; Journal Volume: 5; Conference: Annual convention of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Inc. and the Society for Sedimentary Geology: global exploration and geotechnology, San Diego, CA (United States), 19-22 May 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; GREECE; RIFT ZONES; SEDIMENTARY BASINS; STRATIGRAPHY; RESERVOIR ROCK; GEOMETRY; SEDIMENTATION; QUATERNARY PERIOD; CENOZOIC ERA; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; EUROPE; GEOLOGIC AGES; GEOLOGIC STRUCTURES; GEOLOGY; MATHEMATICS 020200* -- Petroleum-- Reserves, Geology, & Exploration

Citation Formats

Eliet, P.P., and Gawthorpe, R.L. Late Quaternary high resolution sequence stratigraphy of an active rift, the Sperchios Basin, Greece: An analogue for subtle stratigraphic plays. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Eliet, P.P., & Gawthorpe, R.L. Late Quaternary high resolution sequence stratigraphy of an active rift, the Sperchios Basin, Greece: An analogue for subtle stratigraphic plays. United States.
Eliet, P.P., and Gawthorpe, R.L. 1996. "Late Quaternary high resolution sequence stratigraphy of an active rift, the Sperchios Basin, Greece: An analogue for subtle stratigraphic plays". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6860174,
title = {Late Quaternary high resolution sequence stratigraphy of an active rift, the Sperchios Basin, Greece: An analogue for subtle stratigraphic plays},
author = {Eliet, P.P. and Gawthorpe, R.L.},
abstractNote = {The Sperchios Basin is an active asymmetric graben, bounded to the south by a major border fault system with major fault segments typically 20-30 km long. The basin is dominated by a major axial fluvio-deltaic system which enters the partially enclosed Maliakos Gulf to the east. Lateral sourced depositional systems within the basin comprise hanging-wall and footwall-derived alluvial fans and a narrow coastal plain along the footwall scarp bordering the Maliakos Gulf. High resolution seismic data from the Maliakos Gulf reveals three late Quaternary progradational parasequences sourced from axial and lateral depositional systems, with a regional late-Pleistocene transgressive surface dated at circa. 10 ka BP within the Maliakos Gulf. Differential subsidence of the late Pleistocene transgressive surface indicates marked variation in subsidence from 2.4 m ka[sup -1] at fault segment centers to 0.8 m ka[sup -1] at segment boundaries. The geometry and internal variability of each parasequence is controlled by the interplay of the local accommodation development and fluctuations in sediment supply and climatic conditions. The Sperchios Rift provides a modem analogue for subtle stratigraphic plays within ancient extensional basins. The study of controls on sediment source and transport patterns within active rifts has refined our appreciation of the controls on potential reservoir distribution and geometries.},
doi = {},
journal = {AAPG Bulletin},
number = ,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = 1996,
month = 1
}

Conference:
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  • The Sperchios Basin is an active asymmetric graben, bounded to the south by a major border fault system with major fault segments typically 20-30 km long. The basin is dominated by a major axial fluvio-deltaic system which enters the partially enclosed Maliakos Gulf to the east. Lateral sourced depositional systems within the basin comprise hanging-wall and footwall-derived alluvial fans and a narrow coastal plain along the footwall scarp bordering the Maliakos Gulf. High resolution seismic data from the Maliakos Gulf reveals three late Quaternary progradational parasequences sourced from axial and lateral depositional systems, with a regional late-Pleistocene transgressive surface datedmore » at circa. 10 ka BP within the Maliakos Gulf. Differential subsidence of the late Pleistocene transgressive surface indicates marked variation in subsidence from 2.4 m ka{sup -1} at fault segment centers to 0.8 m ka{sup -1} at segment boundaries. The geometry and internal variability of each parasequence is controlled by the interplay of the local accommodation development and fluctuations in sediment supply and climatic conditions. The Sperchios Rift provides a modem analogue for subtle stratigraphic plays within ancient extensional basins. The study of controls on sediment source and transport patterns within active rifts has refined our appreciation of the controls on potential reservoir distribution and geometries.« less
  • The shelf-margin deltas of the area show a complex pattern of progradation and aggradation that varies from one delta to the next. This complexity is due predominantly to the different response of systems with different sediment supplies to fifth-order eustatic fluctuations. Before we understood these autocyclic effects, attempts at relating seismic stratigraphic changes to the oxygen isotope curve, our proxy for sea-level change, were unsuccessful.
  • The Late Mississippian Newman/Greenbrier carbonates were deposited in the Appalachian foreland basin whose depocenter lay to the south and east of Kentucky, West Virginia and Virginia. Over 50 closely spaced detailed measured sections along with numerous wireline logs, biostratigraphic data, and lithologic markers are used to construct detailed facies cross-sections. In the Newman limestone along the Cincinnati Arch, four sequences bounded by regional unconformities can be recognized. The lower three sequences contain one to eight oolite bearing disconformity bounded parasequences. Parasequences within sequences one to three, progressively onlap the Waverly and Cincinnati arches. These are dominated by shoal water ooidmore » grainstone and lagoonal skeletal wackestone/mudstone facies, while eolianite quartzose peloidal grainstone facies are restricted to the lower two sequences. Sequence four is thicker and capped by a disconformity, but is internally conformable. It contains thick oolite units in the lower part (up to 10 m), open ramp skeletal packstone and shale (2nd order maximum flooding of the studied interval). In the much thicker foreland basin sections in West Virginia, four sequences also can be defined. The lowstand deposits are characterized by red beds up-dip, locally thickened tidal flat facies down-dip, and thin grainstone tongues extending into the slope/basin facies. Within the sequences, parasequences lack bounding disconformities, and are dominated by open ramp skeletal packstone and shoal water ooid grainstone facies. Eolianite facies are common in landward parts of the lower two sequences. The complex regional distribution and vertical compartmentalization of these multilateral oolitic reservoirs in both areas on this tropical ramp reflect tidal bar morphologies, differential regional subsidence patterns, coupled with 4th order moderate amplitude eustacy.« less
  • The Late Mississippian Newman/Greenbrier carbonates were deposited in the Appalachian foreland basin whose depocenter lay to the south and east of Kentucky, West Virginia and Virginia. Over 50 closely spaced detailed measured sections along with numerous wireline logs, biostratigraphic data, and lithologic markers are used to construct detailed facies cross-sections. In the Newman limestone along the Cincinnati Arch, four sequences bounded by regional unconformities can be recognized. The lower three sequences contain one to eight oolite bearing disconformity bounded parasequences. Parasequences within sequences one to three, progressively onlap the Waverly and Cincinnati arches. These are dominated by shoal water ooidmore » grainstone and lagoonal skeletal wackestone/mudstone facies, while eolianite quartzose peloidal grainstone facies are restricted to the lower two sequences. Sequence four is thicker and capped by a disconformity, but is internally conformable. It contains thick oolite units in the lower part (up to 10 m), open ramp skeletal packstone and shale (2nd order maximum flooding of the studied interval). In the much thicker foreland basin sections in West Virginia, four sequences also can be defined. The lowstand deposits are characterized by red beds up-dip, locally thickened tidal flat facies down-dip, and thin grainstone tongues extending into the slope/basin facies. Within the sequences, parasequences lack bounding disconformities, and are dominated by open ramp skeletal packstone and shoal water ooid grainstone facies. Eolianite facies are common in landward parts of the lower two sequences. The complex regional distribution and vertical compartmentalization of these multilateral oolitic reservoirs in both areas on this tropical ramp reflect tidal bar morphologies, differential regional subsidence patterns, coupled with 4th order moderate amplitude eustacy.« less
  • High-resolution (800 Hz) sparker data from the Main Pass-Viosca Knoll area, offshore Louisiana, show shelf-edge deltas with oblique progradational clinoforms, parallel, and channel-fill reflections in the near-surface, latest Quaternary section of the upper slope. Sequence boundaries are indicated by onlap of slope facies onto older outershelf deltas and shelf margins, erosional truncation, and minor channel erosion on the top of progradational units and on the slope. The authors tentatively identify these sequence boundaries as Type I. Each depositional sequence consists of two seismic units: (1) a lower unit consisting of parallel, seaward-dipping reflections; (2) an upper unit consisting of parallelmore » reflections and progradational clinoforms that converge or downlap downslope on top of the lower parallel unit. Precise correlation to absolute time and sea level awaits analysis and integration of shallow cores taken in the area by an industry consortium. Facies and isochron mapping of each sequence indicates an overall back-stepping of the shelf-edge deltas and shelf margins during the latest Quaternary. The Quaternary shelf edges are an area of isochron thicks and thins resulting from erosion and redeposition. Major channels commonly cross salt diapirs and may occupy the same site during successive lowstands. Comparison with multichannel seismic profiles shows that each shelf-edge delta seen on the high resolution profiles is represented by a single reflection on multichannel data. Steep clinoforms, downlap surfaces, and individual sequences are not seen on the multichannel data.« less