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Title: Multiple-scattering EXAFS analysis of tetraalkylammonium manganese oxide colloids

Abstract

X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Mn K edge was employed to elucidate the structure of colloidal tetraalkylammonium (TAA) manganese oxides in sols and gels obtained by different preparation and heat treatment procedures. Two series of colloidal TAA MnO{sub x} prepared with tetrapropylammonium (TPA) and tetraethylammonium (TEA) cations were studied. Several manganese oxides, birnessite, and feitknechtite were also measured and served as model compounds for structural refinements. Near edge structure (XANES) analysis revealed different average valences of the colloidal systems. As synthesized and heat-treated, TAA colloids exhibited an average valence of 3.6--3.7, whereas gelled TAA colloids showed a lower average valence of {approximately} 3.5. Extended absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis was carried out to distances of {approximately} 6.0 {angstrom} around the central Mn atom using theoretical backscattering phases and amplitudes calculated from the ab initio FEFF code. All multiple-scattering (MS) paths with a weight of 2% and more with respect to the main Fourier transform peak were included in the refinement. It is found that, except for gelled TAA samples, no significant amount of corner-shared MnO{sub 6} units was detected in the colloidal systems. Theoretical EXAFS phases and amplitudes were derived for a monoclinic birnessite MnO{sub x} layer structure consisting ofmore » edge-shared MnO{sub 6} octahedra. EXAFS refinements utilizing these phases and amplitudes resulted in good agreement with experimental data. Differences in the refined scattering shell distances between the TPA and TEA series suggest a structure influencing effect of the two ammonium ions. Bond angles between neighboring MnO{sub 6} octahedra were determined from the amplitude dependence of a collinear Mn-Mn-Mn MS path on deviations from 180{degree} (focusing effect). On the basis of the bond angles, and with use of the average valence to define the distribution of tri- and tetravalent manganese in the MnO{sub x} layers, three distinct 2D structures are proposed: one for birnessite, one for TAA sols, and one for TAA gels.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
682063
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry B: Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces, amp Biophysical
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: 31; Other Information: PBD: 5 Aug 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
40 CHEMISTRY; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY; ALKYL RADICALS; MANGANESE OXIDES; COLLOIDS; MOLECULAR STRUCTURE; VALENCE; BOND ANGLE; AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Ressler, T., Wong, J., Brock, S.L., and Suib, S.L. Multiple-scattering EXAFS analysis of tetraalkylammonium manganese oxide colloids. United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.1021/jp9835972.
Ressler, T., Wong, J., Brock, S.L., & Suib, S.L. Multiple-scattering EXAFS analysis of tetraalkylammonium manganese oxide colloids. United States. doi:10.1021/jp9835972.
Ressler, T., Wong, J., Brock, S.L., and Suib, S.L. Thu . "Multiple-scattering EXAFS analysis of tetraalkylammonium manganese oxide colloids". United States. doi:10.1021/jp9835972.
@article{osti_682063,
title = {Multiple-scattering EXAFS analysis of tetraalkylammonium manganese oxide colloids},
author = {Ressler, T. and Wong, J. and Brock, S.L. and Suib, S.L.},
abstractNote = {X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Mn K edge was employed to elucidate the structure of colloidal tetraalkylammonium (TAA) manganese oxides in sols and gels obtained by different preparation and heat treatment procedures. Two series of colloidal TAA MnO{sub x} prepared with tetrapropylammonium (TPA) and tetraethylammonium (TEA) cations were studied. Several manganese oxides, birnessite, and feitknechtite were also measured and served as model compounds for structural refinements. Near edge structure (XANES) analysis revealed different average valences of the colloidal systems. As synthesized and heat-treated, TAA colloids exhibited an average valence of 3.6--3.7, whereas gelled TAA colloids showed a lower average valence of {approximately} 3.5. Extended absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis was carried out to distances of {approximately} 6.0 {angstrom} around the central Mn atom using theoretical backscattering phases and amplitudes calculated from the ab initio FEFF code. All multiple-scattering (MS) paths with a weight of 2% and more with respect to the main Fourier transform peak were included in the refinement. It is found that, except for gelled TAA samples, no significant amount of corner-shared MnO{sub 6} units was detected in the colloidal systems. Theoretical EXAFS phases and amplitudes were derived for a monoclinic birnessite MnO{sub x} layer structure consisting of edge-shared MnO{sub 6} octahedra. EXAFS refinements utilizing these phases and amplitudes resulted in good agreement with experimental data. Differences in the refined scattering shell distances between the TPA and TEA series suggest a structure influencing effect of the two ammonium ions. Bond angles between neighboring MnO{sub 6} octahedra were determined from the amplitude dependence of a collinear Mn-Mn-Mn MS path on deviations from 180{degree} (focusing effect). On the basis of the bond angles, and with use of the average valence to define the distribution of tri- and tetravalent manganese in the MnO{sub x} layers, three distinct 2D structures are proposed: one for birnessite, one for TAA sols, and one for TAA gels.},
doi = {10.1021/jp9835972},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry B: Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces, amp Biophysical},
number = 31,
volume = 103,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {8}
}