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Title: Reactions of iodine with olefins. 5. The systematics of electrophilic high energy iodine in gaseous, high pressure, and liquid isomers of butene

Abstract

Reactions of high energy iodine with isomers of butene were studied in gaseous, high pressure, and condensed phase conditions, with rare gas additives and in the presence and absence of radical scavengers (I/sub 2/ and O/sub 2/). It was found that the trans-butene-2 system behaves as a hot system while cis-butene-2 and methylpropene (isobutylene) are dominated by I/sub 2/-dependent ion-molecule reactions. The diverse and complex nature of the reactions cannot be explained by simple chemical and physical parameters. Comparison with other pi-bond systems demonstrates the preferential attack of iodine at the double bond and results in the characterization of general traits common to these systems.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln
OSTI Identifier:
6805031
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6805031
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Phys. Chem.; (United States); Journal Volume: 82:7
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BUTENES; HOT ATOM CHEMISTRY; IODINE 128; CHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; RADICALS; RARE GASES; SCAVENGING; ALKENES; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CHEMISTRY; ELECTRON CAPTURE RADIOISOTOPES; ELEMENTS; HYDROCARBONS; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; IODINE ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; KINETICS; MINUTES LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; NONMETALS; NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; RADIOCHEMISTRY; RADIOISOTOPES; REACTION KINETICS 400701* -- Radiochemistry & Nuclear Chemistry-- Hot-Atom Chemistry; 400301 -- Organic Chemistry-- Chemical & Physicochemical Properties-- (-1987)

Citation Formats

To, K.C., Berg, M.E., and Rack, E.P.. Reactions of iodine with olefins. 5. The systematics of electrophilic high energy iodine in gaseous, high pressure, and liquid isomers of butene. United States: N. p., 1978. Web. doi:10.1021/j100496a003.
To, K.C., Berg, M.E., & Rack, E.P.. Reactions of iodine with olefins. 5. The systematics of electrophilic high energy iodine in gaseous, high pressure, and liquid isomers of butene. United States. doi:10.1021/j100496a003.
To, K.C., Berg, M.E., and Rack, E.P.. Thu . "Reactions of iodine with olefins. 5. The systematics of electrophilic high energy iodine in gaseous, high pressure, and liquid isomers of butene". United States. doi:10.1021/j100496a003.
@article{osti_6805031,
title = {Reactions of iodine with olefins. 5. The systematics of electrophilic high energy iodine in gaseous, high pressure, and liquid isomers of butene},
author = {To, K.C. and Berg, M.E. and Rack, E.P.},
abstractNote = {Reactions of high energy iodine with isomers of butene were studied in gaseous, high pressure, and condensed phase conditions, with rare gas additives and in the presence and absence of radical scavengers (I/sub 2/ and O/sub 2/). It was found that the trans-butene-2 system behaves as a hot system while cis-butene-2 and methylpropene (isobutylene) are dominated by I/sub 2/-dependent ion-molecule reactions. The diverse and complex nature of the reactions cannot be explained by simple chemical and physical parameters. Comparison with other pi-bond systems demonstrates the preferential attack of iodine at the double bond and results in the characterization of general traits common to these systems.},
doi = {10.1021/j100496a003},
journal = {J. Phys. Chem.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 82:7,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Apr 06 00:00:00 EST 1978},
month = {Thu Apr 06 00:00:00 EST 1978}
}