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Title: Health assessment document for polycyclic organic matter. Final report

Abstract

The document responds to Section 122 of the Clean Air Act as Amended August 1977, which requires the Administrator to decide whether atmospheric emissions of polycyclic organic matter (POM) potentially endanger public health. This document reviews POM data on chemical and physical properties, atmospheric forms, atmospheric fate and transport, measurement techniques, ambient levels, toxicology, occupational health, and epidemiology. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's), such as the carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), and their neutral nitrogen analogs are the two POM chemical groups occurring most frequently in ambient air. The major environmental sources of POM's appear to be the combustion or pyrolysis of materials containing carbon and hydrogen. There is general agreement that POM compounds are associated with suspended particulate matter from both mobile and stationary sources, principally respirable particles. Available monitoring data suggest that many POM compounds associated with particulate matter probably are stable in ambient air for several days. The major health concern over exposure to POM's is their carcinogenicity. POM's gain ready access to the body's circulation either by inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact. Although it cannot be stated unequivocally that any POM's are human carcinogens, several of these compounds are among the more potent animal carcinogens known.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Syracuse Univ. Research Corp., NY (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6791526
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6791526
Report Number(s):
PB-82-186792
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; HEALTH HAZARDS; AIR POLLUTION; CLEAN AIR ACT; COMBUSTION PRODUCTS; CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS; DETECTION; ECOLOGY; EPIDEMIOLOGY; EXHAUST GASES; HUMAN POPULATIONS; INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; METABOLISM; PUBLIC HEALTH; REPRODUCTION; REVIEWS; SAMPLING; TOXICITY; AROMATICS; DOCUMENT TYPES; FLUIDS; GASEOUS WASTES; GASES; HAZARDS; HYDROCARBONS; LAWS; MALFORMATIONS; MEDICINE; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES; POLLUTION; POLLUTION LAWS; POPULATIONS; WASTES 560306* -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology-- Man-- (-1987); 552000 -- Public Health

Citation Formats

Santodonato, J., Howard, P., Basu, D., Lande, S., and Selkirk, J.K. Health assessment document for polycyclic organic matter. Final report. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Santodonato, J., Howard, P., Basu, D., Lande, S., & Selkirk, J.K. Health assessment document for polycyclic organic matter. Final report. United States.
Santodonato, J., Howard, P., Basu, D., Lande, S., and Selkirk, J.K. Thu . "Health assessment document for polycyclic organic matter. Final report". United States.
@article{osti_6791526,
title = {Health assessment document for polycyclic organic matter. Final report},
author = {Santodonato, J. and Howard, P. and Basu, D. and Lande, S. and Selkirk, J.K.},
abstractNote = {The document responds to Section 122 of the Clean Air Act as Amended August 1977, which requires the Administrator to decide whether atmospheric emissions of polycyclic organic matter (POM) potentially endanger public health. This document reviews POM data on chemical and physical properties, atmospheric forms, atmospheric fate and transport, measurement techniques, ambient levels, toxicology, occupational health, and epidemiology. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's), such as the carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), and their neutral nitrogen analogs are the two POM chemical groups occurring most frequently in ambient air. The major environmental sources of POM's appear to be the combustion or pyrolysis of materials containing carbon and hydrogen. There is general agreement that POM compounds are associated with suspended particulate matter from both mobile and stationary sources, principally respirable particles. Available monitoring data suggest that many POM compounds associated with particulate matter probably are stable in ambient air for several days. The major health concern over exposure to POM's is their carcinogenicity. POM's gain ready access to the body's circulation either by inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact. Although it cannot be stated unequivocally that any POM's are human carcinogens, several of these compounds are among the more potent animal carcinogens known.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {2}
}

Technical Report:
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