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Title: Chlorine-36 in the Snake River Plain aquifer at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory: Origin and implications

Abstract

Between 1952 and 1984, low-level radioactive waste was introduced directly into the Snake River Plain aquifer at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), Idaho Falls, Idaho. These wastes were generated, principally, at the nuclear fuel reprocessing facility on the site. The measurements of [sup 36]Cl in monitoring and production well waters, downgradient from disposal wells and seepage ponds, found easily detectable, nonhazardous concentrations of this radionuclide from the point of injection to the INEL southern site boundary. Comparisons are made between [sup 3]H and [sup 36]Cl concentrations in aquifer water and the advantages of [sup 36]Cl as a tracer of subsurface-water dynamics at the site are discussed.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]; ; ;  [3];  [4]
  1. (Dept. of Energy, New York, NY (United States))
  2. (Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls (United States))
  3. (Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States))
  4. (ETH-Hoenggerberg, Zurich (Switzerland))
OSTI Identifier:
6774920
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6774920
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Ground Water; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31:2; Journal ID: ISSN 0017-467X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; CHLORINE 36; RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; IDAHO NATIONAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; SNAKE RIVER PLAIN; CONTAMINATION; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIATION MONITORING; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; TRACER TECHNIQUES; TRITIUM COMPOUNDS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-PLUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CHLORINE ISOTOPES; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; ELECTRON CAPTURE RADIOISOTOPES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; ISOTOPE APPLICATIONS; ISOTOPES; LIGHT NUCLEI; MANAGEMENT; MASS TRANSFER; MATERIALS; MONITORING; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPES; US DOE; US ERDA; US ORGANIZATIONS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES 540330* -- Environment, Aquatic-- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 052002 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Waste Disposal & Storage

Citation Formats

Beasley, T.M., Cecil, L.D., Mann, L.J., Sharma, P., Fehn, U., Gove, H.E., and Kubik, P.W. Chlorine-36 in the Snake River Plain aquifer at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory: Origin and implications. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb01822.x.
Beasley, T.M., Cecil, L.D., Mann, L.J., Sharma, P., Fehn, U., Gove, H.E., & Kubik, P.W. Chlorine-36 in the Snake River Plain aquifer at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory: Origin and implications. United States. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb01822.x.
Beasley, T.M., Cecil, L.D., Mann, L.J., Sharma, P., Fehn, U., Gove, H.E., and Kubik, P.W. . "Chlorine-36 in the Snake River Plain aquifer at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory: Origin and implications". United States. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb01822.x.
@article{osti_6774920,
title = {Chlorine-36 in the Snake River Plain aquifer at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory: Origin and implications},
author = {Beasley, T.M. and Cecil, L.D. and Mann, L.J. and Sharma, P. and Fehn, U. and Gove, H.E. and Kubik, P.W.},
abstractNote = {Between 1952 and 1984, low-level radioactive waste was introduced directly into the Snake River Plain aquifer at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), Idaho Falls, Idaho. These wastes were generated, principally, at the nuclear fuel reprocessing facility on the site. The measurements of [sup 36]Cl in monitoring and production well waters, downgradient from disposal wells and seepage ponds, found easily detectable, nonhazardous concentrations of this radionuclide from the point of injection to the INEL southern site boundary. Comparisons are made between [sup 3]H and [sup 36]Cl concentrations in aquifer water and the advantages of [sup 36]Cl as a tracer of subsurface-water dynamics at the site are discussed.},
doi = {10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb01822.x},
journal = {Ground Water; (United States)},
issn = {0017-467X},
number = ,
volume = 31:2,
place = {United States},
year = {},
month = {}
}