skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Passive solar progress: a simplified guide to the 3rd national passive solar conference

Abstract

Some of the concepts and practices that have come to be known as passive solar heating and cooling are introduced, and a current picture of the field is presented. Much of the material presented is derived from papers given at the 3rd National Passive Solar Conference held in San Jose, California in January 1979 and sponsored by the US Department of Energy. Extracts and data from these papers have been integrated in the text with explanatory and descriptive material. In this way, it is attempted to present technical information in an introductory context. Topics include design considerations, passive and hybrid systems and applications, sizing methods and performance prediction, and implementation issues. A glossary is included. (WHK)

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Northern California Solar Energy Association, Mountain View (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6774374
Report Number(s):
DOE/CS/30046-01
DOE Contract Number:
FG01-79CS30046
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; PASSIVE SOLAR COOLING SYSTEMS; REVIEWS; PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS; ATTACHED GREENHOUSES; BUILDINGS; CLIMATES; DESIGN; DIRECT GAIN SYSTEMS; ECONOMICS; EVAPORATIVE COOLING; FINANCIAL INCENTIVES; GREENHOUSES; HEAT STORAGE; HEAT TRANSFER; PERFORMANCE; RADIATIVE COOLING; ROCK BEDS; ROOF PONDS; SIZE; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; THERMAL INSULATION; THERMOSYPHON EFFECT; TROMBE WALLS; WATER WALLS; CONVECTION; COOLING; DOCUMENT TYPES; ENERGY STORAGE; ENERGY TRANSFER; EQUIPMENT; HEATING SYSTEMS; PONDS; SOLAR COLLECTORS; SOLAR COOLING SYSTEMS; SOLAR EQUIPMENT; SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS; SOLAR PONDS; STORAGE; WALLS 140901* -- Solar Thermal Utilization-- Space Heating & Cooling; 299001 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Solar-- (1989-)

Citation Formats

Miller, H., Howell, Y., and Richards, D.. Passive solar progress: a simplified guide to the 3rd national passive solar conference. United States: N. p., 1980. Web. doi:10.2172/6774374.
Miller, H., Howell, Y., & Richards, D.. Passive solar progress: a simplified guide to the 3rd national passive solar conference. United States. doi:10.2172/6774374.
Miller, H., Howell, Y., and Richards, D.. 1980. "Passive solar progress: a simplified guide to the 3rd national passive solar conference". United States. doi:10.2172/6774374. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6774374.
@article{osti_6774374,
title = {Passive solar progress: a simplified guide to the 3rd national passive solar conference},
author = {Miller, H. and Howell, Y. and Richards, D.},
abstractNote = {Some of the concepts and practices that have come to be known as passive solar heating and cooling are introduced, and a current picture of the field is presented. Much of the material presented is derived from papers given at the 3rd National Passive Solar Conference held in San Jose, California in January 1979 and sponsored by the US Department of Energy. Extracts and data from these papers have been integrated in the text with explanatory and descriptive material. In this way, it is attempted to present technical information in an introductory context. Topics include design considerations, passive and hybrid systems and applications, sizing methods and performance prediction, and implementation issues. A glossary is included. (WHK)},
doi = {10.2172/6774374},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1980,
month =
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • This report establishes economic feasibility criteria for considering the use of passive solar design. In light of the growing cost of supplying the energy demands of the Air Force, a method is needed to simplify the adaptation of passive solar heating and cooling in future building construction.
  • This report presents a simplified procedure for estimating the auxiliary cooling load caused by passive solar heating systems. The primary assumption is ideal ventilation such that no auxiliary cooling is required when ambient temperature is below the thermostat setting. Factors based on bin temperature data are used to account for the portion of solar gain which occurs during overheated periods. A nomogram and data for annual analysis of solar aperture cooling loads are presented. Methods of accounting for shading and movable insulation are also discussed. An example for Atlanta shows that certain passive solar systems can result in high coolingmore » loads, which may even be great enough to offset the heating load reduction. Of course, this usually requires that a passive system, such as a sunspace, be designed so that it can be thermally de-coupled from the structure during the summer months. Other controls methods are possible and should be considered for application in temperate climates.« less
  • Step-by-step instructions are given for converting existing south-facing masonry walls into Trombe walls. Locally-available materials are used for the most part and minimal carpentry skills are required. Some design variations and modifications are suggested. Performance monitoring and operation and maintenance are discussed. Costs are estimated to total $374. A way is given to estimate energy savings. (LEW)
  • The SOLCOST-PASSIVE solar energy design program is a public domain interactive computer design tool intended for use by non-thermal specialists to size passive solar systems with a methodology based on the Los Alamos Solar Load Ratio method. A life cycle savings analysis is included in the program. An overview of SOLCOST-PASSIVE capabilities and the Solar Load Ratio method which it is based on is presented. A detailed guide to the SOLCOST-PASSIVE input parameters is given. Sample problems showing typical execution sessions and the resulting SOLCOST-PASSIVE output are included. Appendices A thru D provide details on the SLR method and themore » life cycle savings methodology of SOLCOST-PASSIVE. (MHR)« less
  • PCMSOL-1 is a simulation code for a one room direct gain passive solar structure which allows the incorporation of phase change materials and/or other high thermal mass materials in the walls, ceiling, or floor. To lessen the possibility of erroneous but realistic looking results through misuse of PCMSOL-1, a detailed description of the numbering conventions, the variable input and output parameters, their specification, and their limitations is presented. Also included is a program flow chart and a well-documented listing.