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Title: Seismic failure and cask drop analyses of the spent fuel pools at two representative nuclear power plants

Abstract

This report discusses work done in support of the resolution of Generic Issue-82, ''Beyond Design Basis Accidents in Spent Fuel Pools''. Specifically the probability of spent fuel pool failure due to earthquakes was determined for the pools at the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station (BWR) and the H. B. Robinson S.E. Plant, Unit 2 (PWR). The dominant failure mode for each pool was gross structural failure caused by seismic motion resulting in the loss of pool liner integrity. The resulting sudden loss of water was then assumed to lead to a self-propagating cladding failure and fission product inventory release from the spent fuel elements in the pool. The mean annual frequency of failure due to this failure mode was found to be 6.7E-06 at Vermont Yankee and 1.8E-06 at H. B. Robinson. Other earthquake induced failure modes studied but found to be less important were loss of pool cooling and make-up capability, fuel rack damage and loss of liner integrity due to a cask drop accident. 61 refs., 47 figs., 14 tabs.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of Safety Issue Resolution; Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6766637
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6766637; Legacy ID: TI89006432
Report Number(s):
NUREG/CR-5176; UCID-21425
ON: TI89006432; TRN: 89-003887
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; ROBINSON-2 REACTOR; SEISMIC EFFECTS; VERMONT YANKEE REACTOR; FAILURES; FUEL CANS; FUEL POOLS; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; REACTOR SAFETY; SPENT FUEL CASKS; SPENT FUEL STORAGE; SPENT FUELS; BWR TYPE REACTORS; CASKS; CONTAINERS; ENERGY SOURCES; ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS; FUELS; MATERIALS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEAR FUELS; POWER PLANTS; POWER REACTORS; PWR TYPE REACTORS; REACTOR MATERIALS; REACTORS; SAFETY; STORAGE; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; THERMAL REACTORS; WATER COOLED REACTORS; WATER MODERATED REACTORS 220900* -- Nuclear Reactor Technology-- Reactor Safety; 210100 -- Power Reactors, Nonbreeding, Light-Water Moderated, Boiling Water Cooled; 210200 -- Power Reactors, Nonbreeding, Light-Water Moderated, Nonboiling Water Cooled; 052002 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Waste Disposal & Storage

Citation Formats

Prassinos, P.G., Kimura, C.Y., McCallen, D.B., Murray, R.C., Ravindra, M.K., Campbell, R.D., Hashimoto, P.S., Nafday, A.M., and Tong, W.H. Seismic failure and cask drop analyses of the spent fuel pools at two representative nuclear power plants. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Prassinos, P.G., Kimura, C.Y., McCallen, D.B., Murray, R.C., Ravindra, M.K., Campbell, R.D., Hashimoto, P.S., Nafday, A.M., & Tong, W.H. Seismic failure and cask drop analyses of the spent fuel pools at two representative nuclear power plants. United States.
Prassinos, P.G., Kimura, C.Y., McCallen, D.B., Murray, R.C., Ravindra, M.K., Campbell, R.D., Hashimoto, P.S., Nafday, A.M., and Tong, W.H. Sun . "Seismic failure and cask drop analyses of the spent fuel pools at two representative nuclear power plants". United States.
@article{osti_6766637,
title = {Seismic failure and cask drop analyses of the spent fuel pools at two representative nuclear power plants},
author = {Prassinos, P.G. and Kimura, C.Y. and McCallen, D.B. and Murray, R.C. and Ravindra, M.K. and Campbell, R.D. and Hashimoto, P.S. and Nafday, A.M. and Tong, W.H.},
abstractNote = {This report discusses work done in support of the resolution of Generic Issue-82, ''Beyond Design Basis Accidents in Spent Fuel Pools''. Specifically the probability of spent fuel pool failure due to earthquakes was determined for the pools at the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station (BWR) and the H. B. Robinson S.E. Plant, Unit 2 (PWR). The dominant failure mode for each pool was gross structural failure caused by seismic motion resulting in the loss of pool liner integrity. The resulting sudden loss of water was then assumed to lead to a self-propagating cladding failure and fission product inventory release from the spent fuel elements in the pool. The mean annual frequency of failure due to this failure mode was found to be 6.7E-06 at Vermont Yankee and 1.8E-06 at H. B. Robinson. Other earthquake induced failure modes studied but found to be less important were loss of pool cooling and make-up capability, fuel rack damage and loss of liner integrity due to a cask drop accident. 61 refs., 47 figs., 14 tabs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {1}
}

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