skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Suppression of Rayleigh--Taylor and bulk convective instabilities in imploding plasma liners and pinches

Abstract

Linear growth of instabilities during implosion of annular and columnar plasma pinches having sharp outer boundaries is analyzed. The dominant modes of the Rayleigh--Taylor instability differ in time, radius, and growth rate from the dominant modes of the bulk convective instability. The spectra of growth rates of perturbations localized azimuthally or axially suggest explanations for filamentation and stratification of plasmas. Localized Rayleigh--Taylor modes grow fastest initially in an implosion. These modes can be suppressed completely, however, by a relatively modest axial magnetic field, which produces magnetic shear in a Z pinch. Similarly, bulk convective modes can be substantially reduced by magnetic shear. The window of stability'' produced by magnetic shear occurs for an axial field magnitude about equal to the azimuthal. Properly shaped current pulses in Z pinches with axial fields may therefore produce stable implosions to high compression ratios, in agreement with recent experiments. The most dangerous Rayleigh--Taylor modes for the symmetry of an annular pinch of initial aspect ratio {ital R}{sub 0}/{delta}{sub 0} are those with wavenumber {ital k}{similar to}{ital R}{sub 0}/{delta}{sup 2}{sub 0}, where {ital R}{sub 0} is the initial pinch radius. To suppress pinch instabilities optimally, both the liner thickness and axial magnetic field should bemore » chosen properly.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Institute for Physical Problems, Moscow 117334, U.S.S.R (SU)
  2. JAYCOR, P.O. Box 85154, San Diego, CA (USA)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6765206
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Volume: 2:6
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CONVECTIVE INSTABILITIES; INHIBITION; LINERS; PLASMA MACROINSTABILITIES; PINCH DEVICES; RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR INSTABILITY; ALIGNMENT; ANNULAR SPACE; ASPECT RATIO; EQUILIBRIUM; HYDRODYNAMICS; IMPLOSIONS; INSTABILITY GROWTH RATES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; OPTIMIZATION; SHEAR; STABILITY; STEADY-STATE CONDITIONS; THICKNESS; CONFIGURATION; DIMENSIONS; FLUID MECHANICS; INSTABILITY; MECHANICS; PLASMA INSTABILITY; SPACE; THERMONUCLEAR DEVICES; 700107* - Fusion Energy- Plasma Research- Instabilities

Citation Formats

Bud'ko, A B, Liberman, M A, Velikovich, A L, and Felber, F S. Suppression of Rayleigh--Taylor and bulk convective instabilities in imploding plasma liners and pinches. United States: N. p., 1990. Web. doi:10.1063/1.859252.
Bud'ko, A B, Liberman, M A, Velikovich, A L, & Felber, F S. Suppression of Rayleigh--Taylor and bulk convective instabilities in imploding plasma liners and pinches. United States. doi:10.1063/1.859252.
Bud'ko, A B, Liberman, M A, Velikovich, A L, and Felber, F S. Fri . "Suppression of Rayleigh--Taylor and bulk convective instabilities in imploding plasma liners and pinches". United States. doi:10.1063/1.859252.
@article{osti_6765206,
title = {Suppression of Rayleigh--Taylor and bulk convective instabilities in imploding plasma liners and pinches},
author = {Bud'ko, A B and Liberman, M A and Velikovich, A L and Felber, F S},
abstractNote = {Linear growth of instabilities during implosion of annular and columnar plasma pinches having sharp outer boundaries is analyzed. The dominant modes of the Rayleigh--Taylor instability differ in time, radius, and growth rate from the dominant modes of the bulk convective instability. The spectra of growth rates of perturbations localized azimuthally or axially suggest explanations for filamentation and stratification of plasmas. Localized Rayleigh--Taylor modes grow fastest initially in an implosion. These modes can be suppressed completely, however, by a relatively modest axial magnetic field, which produces magnetic shear in a Z pinch. Similarly, bulk convective modes can be substantially reduced by magnetic shear. The window of stability'' produced by magnetic shear occurs for an axial field magnitude about equal to the azimuthal. Properly shaped current pulses in Z pinches with axial fields may therefore produce stable implosions to high compression ratios, in agreement with recent experiments. The most dangerous Rayleigh--Taylor modes for the symmetry of an annular pinch of initial aspect ratio {ital R}{sub 0}/{delta}{sub 0} are those with wavenumber {ital k}{similar to}{ital R}{sub 0}/{delta}{sup 2}{sub 0}, where {ital R}{sub 0} is the initial pinch radius. To suppress pinch instabilities optimally, both the liner thickness and axial magnetic field should be chosen properly.},
doi = {10.1063/1.859252},
journal = {},
issn = {0899-8221},
number = ,
volume = 2:6,
place = {United States},
year = {1990},
month = {6}
}