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Title: Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program

Abstract

This report examines the adequacy of current command and control systems designed to make timely decisions that would enable sufficient warning and protective response to an accident at the Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland, and at Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA), Arkansas. Institutional procedures designed to facilitate rapid accident assessment, characterization, warning, notification, and response after the onset of an emergency and computer-assisted decision-making aids designed to provide salient information to on- and-off-post emergency responders are examined. The character of emergency decision making at APG and PBA, as well as potential needs for improvements to decision-making practices, procedures, and automated decision-support systems (ADSSs), are described and recommendations are offered to guide equipment acquisition and improve on- and off-post command and control relationships. We recommend that (1) a continued effort be made to integrate on- and off-post command control, and decision-making procedures to permit rapid decision making; (2) the pathways for alert and notification among on- and off-post officials be improved and that responsibilities and chain of command among off-post agencies be clarified; (3) greater attention be given to organizational and social context factors that affect the adequacy of response and the likelihood that decision-making systems will work asmore » intended; and (4) faster improvements be made to on-post ADSSs being developed at APG and PBA, which hold considerable promise for depicting vast amounts of information. Phased development and procurement of computer-assisted decision-making tools should be undertaken to balance immediate needs against available resources and to ensure flexibility, equity among sites, and compatibility among on- and off-post systems. 112 refs., 6 tabs.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOD
OSTI Identifier:
6761937
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6761937; Legacy ID: DE91001020
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-11412
ON: DE91001020
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS; STOCKPILES; EXPERT SYSTEMS; DECISION MAKING; MILITARY FACILITIES; EMERGENCY PLANS; ACCIDENTS; WEAPONS 450600* -- Military Technology, Weaponry, & National Defense-- Chemical & Biological-- (1990); 990200 -- Mathematics & Computers

Citation Formats

Feldman, D.L., and Dobson, J.E. Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. United States: N. p., 1990. Web. doi:10.2172/6761937.
Feldman, D.L., & Dobson, J.E. Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. United States. doi:10.2172/6761937.
Feldman, D.L., and Dobson, J.E. Wed . "Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program". United States. doi:10.2172/6761937. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6761937.
@article{osti_6761937,
title = {Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program},
author = {Feldman, D.L. and Dobson, J.E.},
abstractNote = {This report examines the adequacy of current command and control systems designed to make timely decisions that would enable sufficient warning and protective response to an accident at the Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland, and at Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA), Arkansas. Institutional procedures designed to facilitate rapid accident assessment, characterization, warning, notification, and response after the onset of an emergency and computer-assisted decision-making aids designed to provide salient information to on- and-off-post emergency responders are examined. The character of emergency decision making at APG and PBA, as well as potential needs for improvements to decision-making practices, procedures, and automated decision-support systems (ADSSs), are described and recommendations are offered to guide equipment acquisition and improve on- and off-post command and control relationships. We recommend that (1) a continued effort be made to integrate on- and off-post command control, and decision-making procedures to permit rapid decision making; (2) the pathways for alert and notification among on- and off-post officials be improved and that responsibilities and chain of command among off-post agencies be clarified; (3) greater attention be given to organizational and social context factors that affect the adequacy of response and the likelihood that decision-making systems will work as intended; and (4) faster improvements be made to on-post ADSSs being developed at APG and PBA, which hold considerable promise for depicting vast amounts of information. Phased development and procurement of computer-assisted decision-making tools should be undertaken to balance immediate needs against available resources and to ensure flexibility, equity among sites, and compatibility among on- and off-post systems. 112 refs., 6 tabs.},
doi = {10.2172/6761937},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1990},
month = {8}
}